Movers and Shakers in Education
There have been many influential people and events in education. These people and events have shaped our education system. In this paper I will tell you how Horace Mann, John Dewey, Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, and The American Reinvestment Act have had an impact on the evolution of American education.
Horace Mann is known as the “Father of American Education”. His contribution to education is the establishment of the first state board of education. Mann created the State Board of Education in Massachusetts in 1837. He was also a leader of the Common School Movement. Reformers of The Common School Movement fought so that all students; no matter race, sex, creed, or origin; could have the right to a great education. They believed that “the more educated the people are, the more productive they can be (2000).”
John Dewey is known as a key factor in the progressive movement in education. The progressive education movement aimed to make schools more effective agencies of society. During the 1920’s education focused on scientific techniques while progressive educators focused on human development (1/30/02). Dewey is also known for his book The School and Society. In this book he explains how the ideas of different people and society are connected to education. The Civil Right Movement began Brown vs. Board of Education is the court case that marked the beginning of many Civil Right cases. In 1954 Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka, Kansas because of the color of her skin. Through this case it was “unanimously held that the racial segregation of children in public schools violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment (McBride).”
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 was signed into law by President Barack Obama on February 17, 2009. This bill provided billions of dollars in funding to U.S. public schools. This was done to revive our economy by saving and/or creating jobs, school building repairs, and deal with many challenges previously ignored by our government. It is believe that The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act will promote economic recovery and growth.
There are many “movers and shakers” in education. These people and events have helped to make our educational system what it is today. Without the advances in technology and the impact of these many people and events, the future of education would look much different. Thank you to those who have helped to make our future brighter. Also thanks to those paved the way for the many people after them!
(2000). 19th century education. Retrieved fromhttp://www.chesapeake.edu/Library/EDU_101/eduhist_19thC.asp. (2002, Janurary 1). A brief overview of progressive education. Retrieved from http://www.uvm.edu/~dewey/articles/proged.html. McBride, A. (2006, December). Supreme Court History Expanding Civil Right. Brown v. board of education. Retrieved fromhttp://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/landmark_brown.html National Telecommunications and Information Administration. (2010). American recovery and reinvestment act of 2009. Retrieved from http://www.ntia.doc.gov/page/2011/american-recovery-and-reinvestment-act-2009. Paige, R. (2004). The Legacy of Brown Versus Board Of Education. Society, 41(5), 7-11.