1.1 with a hearing impairment. (Gravells, 2018)

the teaching role and responsibilities in education and training


As a teacher, your role is one of great
significance in the classroom, as you are the point of authority and leader of
the group. The responsibilities relate to the five stages of the teacher
training cycle. According to Ann Gravells, there are five key stages involved
in teaching. Following the teacher training cycle should lead to an effective
and successful learning environment. All five stages are important, but due to
space constraints, this assignment will cover three aspects of the cycle.

From my personal experience of teaching, I feel
that identification of need, planning and design and delivery/facilitation are
particularly important for successful teaching. Identifying needs has a
significant impact on planning and design, as it depends on whether there are
learners with special educational needs or physical impairments, such as a
hearing impairment or sight. This would have an impact on the planning, as it
would be necessary to use differentiated resources and learning materials to
engage and design an inclusive environment. For example, printing off
PowerPoint slides prior to the lesson for those with a hearing impairment.



The delivery and facilitation of the lesson
is ensuring that the plan of the lesson goes smoothly and the teacher makes sure
that they are providing guidance and checking in and referring back to the
learning outcomes to ensure that learners are on task and following instruction
by asking relevant questions at key points in the lesson.



1.2       Summarise key aspects of legislation,
regulatory requirements and codes of practice relating to own role and


As a professional teacher, it is important to ensure that
legislation and codes of practice are met and adhered to, which aim to keep
children safe and promote the wellbeing of children and young people. These
include: The Health and Safety at Work Act (1974), Data Protection Act (1998)
and Equality Act (1998), amongst others. These laws are created to keep young
people and working professionals safe. Under the counter terrorism and Security
Act (2015), the Prevent strategy is now prevalent in educational organisations
to promote teaching professionals to help prevent young people being drawn into
terrorism. Teachers are constantly observing and working with various
individuals who may be vulnerable to risk. Therefore, the Prevent strategy aims
to reduce the risk of terrorism and protect young people.


Following the code of practice involves treating your
students equally and with respect and dignity. There should be equality,
inclusivity and diversity in the classroom. Equality is giving each of your students
rights to attend and participate in your lessons, regardless of protected
characteristics. Inclusivity is involving all your students in activities and
ensuring that resources are accessible by all students in the class, despite
learning differences or impairments. Diversity is the celebration of difference
and valuing the individual differences in others (Gravells, 2007).


1.3       Explain ways to promote equality and


It is important to promote equality and diversity in the
classroom. This can be done in many ways, such as treating everyone fairly and
equally and creating an inclusive learning environment for students. To have a
successful learning environment each student should have an equal chance in
participating and engaging with activities. It is also of uppermost importance
that there is no discrimination against those with individual differences.

Diversity can be promoted by raising awareness of other cultures and including
discussion of cultural differences whenever it is relevant. Including varied
examples with those of different genders, age and cultural differences will
help to encourage open-mindedness in learners.



1.4       Explain why it is important to identify
and meet individual learner needs


mentioned previously in the five key stages of learning, identifying individual
learner needs is a very important part of the teaching process. This is to
ensure that learners receive the appropriate support and assessments to help
them to achieve on the course. Learners may be working at different levels of
ability, which is why differentiation is important. For example, extension
tasks for those of higher ability and providing appropriate motivation and
support for those of lower level ability.


Maslow’s hierarchy of needs can be applied to a classroom environment
for a humanistic approach, which highlights that children learn best in a
nonthreatening environment where they can flourish. For students to reach their
full potential, the teacher should provide: a firm base of physiological needs
through ensuring that students are fed well and warm, safety needs by keeping their
learning environment safe, belongingness and love in promoting connections and
encouraging healthy relationships in class. This can then result in students
building in confidence and self-esteem to achieve their full potential.                                                                                                                   (Teachnology,


In FE, it is normal for learners to sit a diagnostic
assessment to gain an understanding of previous knowledge and key skills. These
assessments can also highlight if there will be a need for additional learning
support for learning difficulties, such as dyslexia or cognitive deficits.

Identifying individual needs can remove significant barriers to learning and
help learners to come up with strategies to help them cope with academic





3.1 Explain how the
teaching role involves working with other professionals


In the workplace, communication skills are key. As a teacher,
you have a crucial role in communicating and liaising with various other
professionals. This ranges from tutors, learning support staff and wellbeing
services to IT help and security. It is important to communicate effectively
with these professionals to ensure the smooth running of a successful
educational organisation. For example, as I am teaching a FE GCSE Maths class
with varying behavioural difficulties, this means I have a duty to log absences
and liaise with the tutors to ensure they know how their tutees are getting on
or if there are any serious concerns.


3.2 Explain the
boundaries between the teaching role and other professional roles


There are clear professional work boundaries in the teaching
profession. A teacher’s role is to follow the teacher training cycle, ensure
that students are safe and supported in the classroom and that they achieve
their learning outcomes. However, there are other issues that students can
bring into the classroom and these can often be addressed by other
professionals, such as student wellbeing services, in the case of mental health
problems. There should be limited contact with learners outside of a professional,
workplace environment and when there is contact, that this is done using a valid
professional email address, to ensure that boundaries are kept in place. Furthermore,
if a teacher is approached and confided in by a student presenting with safeguarding
issues, then this would be immediately referred on to safeguarding
professionals to protect the learner and the teacher.


3.3 Describe points
of referral to meet the individual needs of learners


When a learner enrols at college, there is an initial
assessment and interview where individual needs can be identified and spoken
about. It is crucial that the learner receives appropriate support and is given
an equal chance to succeed in a FE environment. For example, if the student is
presenting with a learning difficulty, such as dyslexia, they can be referred
to learning support as soon as they start their course.


When a learner presents with individual needs in the
classroom, such as a mental health issue, learning difficulty or a physical
disability then it is imperative that they are aware of the learning support
that is available to them and referred to the appropriate professionals. For
example, if a student has been diagnosed with ADHD then they are likely to be
restless and have a short attention span. This can have an effect on learning
because if the learner is not properly engaged they could be disrupting other
learners. Therefore, it could be an option to refer the student to internal
referral points, such as learning support and request a support worker in
class. There are also external points of referral, such as counselling services
for those learners experiencing mental health issues and it would be beneficial
to research advice from relevant websites, telephone helplines and
organisations that can help young people with health and wellbeing.