1. physical and mental ones (Kirby, Lepore

1. Introduction

days, teenage pregnancy is a social problem and an important public health
problem in Vietnam. According to Vietnam
maternal and child health care apartment, the percentage of teenagers who have
got pregnant has increased over the period: in
2011: 3,1%; in 2012: 3,2% (Mai,
2014). Moreover, it leads to many serious results including abortion. In
2011, abortion rates in teen mothers was quite high, at 2,4% in total pregnant
women then this figure declined to 2,3% in 2012 (Mai, 2014). Teenage pregnancy results from numerous risk factors and also
brings a variety of effects including physical and mental ones (Kirby,
Lepore & Ryan, 2005). However, a majority of teenagers as well as their parents are
totally not aware of this dangerous phenomenon. Therefore, this paper, based on
secondary data, will provide information on the risk factors, the effects and
possibly solutions to teenage pregnancy in Vietnam.

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2. Discussion of findings

2.1. What are the risk factors of teenage pregnancy?

2.2. What are the effects of teenage pregnancy?

Teenage pregnancy can
bring many serious problems to teen mothers. When they know they are pregnant,
there are two options for them to choose. If they choose abortion, it can cause
many problems such as infection, perforation of the uterus and the most serious
problem – infertility. If they decide to marry and give birth,
they will have to stop studying in high schools, universities or colleges. Teen mothers are less likely to
finish their study than those who avoid being pregnant during their school
years. As a consequence, they cannot find a suitable job to earn money. It is
possibly that teen mothers will have to deal with financial problems or even
domestic violence. Therefore, they are easily suffer from stress, depression
which is harmful to their health and their babies.
When women give birth in their teen years, they are at risk of giving birth
prematurely (Beirne, 2017). Teenagers, especially those under 15 years old are
vulnerable to anemia, also called low blood iron. Anemia is the main cause of
mothers’ tiredness or some complications (The OB/GYN team, 2016). During
pregnant period and laboring, complications is the second most popular cause of
death in teenagers 15-19 years old (Socolov et al., n?m).

Another effect of
teenage pregnancy is related to the babies. A preemie, who is born before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy will miss out on an important growth taking
place in the final weeks of pregnancy. As a result, the babies may be
underweight. Those underweight babies are likely to suffer from several
problems that can affect their brain and their organs (Beirne, 2017). Besides,
the babies who were born to these teenage mothers also experience 2.5
times higher risk of losing
their lives than those born to women aged between 20 and 24 (Socolov et al., n?m).

2.3. What are the solutions ?