1 Staring, Nico, RevisitingThree Objects in Berlin Pertaining to the Mayor of Memphis, Ptahmose: The”Lost” Faience Stela ÄM 19718 and the Limestone Pyramid Panels ÄM1631-1632. Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur 45, 2016,p. 2 Staring, Nico, RevisitingThree Objects in Berlin Pertaining to the Mayor of Memphis, Ptahmose: The”Lost” Faience Stela ÄM 19718 and the Limestone Pyramid Panels ÄM1631-1632. Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur 45, 2016,p.3 https://www.livescience.com/59333-lost-wwii-egyptian-artifact-returns-to-germany.
htmlEventually, The KelseyMuseum decided to return the object back to Berlin again after absence ofapproximately 78 years. On April 26th, 2017, Kelsey Museum Collections ManagerSebastián Encina handed over the artifact to the director of Berlin EgyptianMuseum Dr. Frederike Seyfried in New York. In a similar step of appreciation,the German side reciprocated by offering creating a replica of the returnartifact to be displayed in Ann Arbor instead of the deaccessioned one.3In 2016, the Dutch Egyptologist,Nico Staring, currently a visiting scholar at Leiden University, notice duringhis recent research the resemblance of the faience stele at the Kelsey Museumof Archaeology to another object have been missing from the Berlin EgyptianMuseum since the destruction of the Second World War. Staring informed bothinstitutions, the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology and Berlin Museum, of hisdiscovery. Consequently, the curators of The Kelsey Museum of Archaeology,Terry Wilfong and Janet Richards, with Staring’s assistance started theirinvestigation in this regard. Ultimately, they proved the veracity ofinformation introduced by Staring.
The Kelsey artifact was actually the sameBerlin stela which acquired in 1910 and remained a part of Egyptian collectionin Berlin Museum until its last presence in the beginning of The Second WorldWar before it had been considered lost. The interpretation assumed by thecurators is that the stela apparently looted from the destructed museum orhave been lost in the bombing ofthe museum before it was sold later to S.A. Goudsmit in 1945.In 1945, Thestela appeared once again in a private collection of Dutch-American Physicistand art collector, Samuel Abraham Goudsmit (1902–1978). S. A.
Goudsmitpurchased it from a German private owner during his visit to Germany as ascientific head of a secret U.S. Army mission monitoring Nazi Germany’s effortsto build a nuclear bomb after the Second World War. There is no any furtherinformation in the records about the vendor, nor is there any details of howthe object reached to the German collector. Later, S. A. Goudsmit decided to bequeaththe bulk of his Egyptian private collection to the University of Michigan’sKelsey Museum of Archaeology. The collection was handed over to the museum in1981 by his widow, Mrs.
Irene B. Goudsmit and the stela was given anaccessioned under (Inventory No. 1981.
4.4). 2The faience stela fragment was a part ofa collection of 65 objects were acquired by The Department of EgyptianAntiquities, National Museums of Berlin by purchase from Mrs. Lina OlympiaLeitner (1848–1912) on behalf of the Leitner Museum in Woking in the UnitedKingdom, founded by her husband Mr. Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner (1840–1899). Sincethen, the Stela was housed in the Neues Museum until the outset of the secondWorld War in 1939 when the museum had to shut its doors and thereafter move thelarge portion of the collection to other locations for safekeeping.
On theother hand, the rest of the collection, which remained in the museum weredestroyed or damaged due of the bombings during the world war. 1 One of the registralchallenges offered by the Egyptian collection at The University of Michigan’s Kelsey Museum of Archaeology is the repatriation archaeologicalobjects issue. This issue represents in removing the objects improperlyfrom their countries of origin.
In this context, the KelseyMuseum of Archaeology in Ann Arbor, recently identified an object, afaience stela fragment Ptahmose (InventoryNo. 1981.4.4), among its Egyptian collection waslooted during the Second World War.Repatriation Culture ProprietiesIssue: