.2 National Curriculum Gov13 which is divided in

.2 England4.2.1 Introduction Gov10; Wik18In England the
state-funded education system is divided into five stages (educational
stages):— early years (ages three – five),5— primary stage (ages five –
eleven),— secondary stage (ages eleven – sixteen),— Further Education
(ages sixteen – eightteen) and— Higher Education .10152025Education is
compulsory until the pupul is 18 years old, allthough further education
(post–16 education) can be eitheracademical or vocational Gov44.
School leaving people over 16 or more years of age also enter
apprenticeships in order tolearn a skilled trade. Education within the
first three stages usally takes place in state-funded schools which can
be selectiveor comprehensive (approximate 93 % of English
schoolchildren(??) Gov17b), independent schools and home schooling.Further education can be taken at further education colleges and higher education institutions. Higher education
usallytakes place in universities and colleges and other high education
institutions.4.2.2 Education System in England Gov10; Wik18All
state-funded schools in England are required to follow the National
Curriculum Gov13 which is divided in an EarlyYears stage and five Key
Stages (curriculum stages). The subject content of the fifth Key Stage
are defined in separatelyavailable documents Gov04. Students attended
to state-funded schools are assessed several times during their
academ-ical school live and earn certificates. The performances of these
assessments are published by the government Gov17awhich effects the
attractiveness of the school to parents. Usally selective schools like
grammar school achieve a higher rankthan comprehensive schools,
especially when have to compete with nearby selective schools.The
quality of schools in England, state funded as well as independent
schools, are inspected by the Office for Standardsin Education,
Children’s Services and Skills (Ofsted), th eIndependent School
Inspectorate (IS) and the School InspectionService (SIS) Gov17d. Their
findings are published on a regular base Gov17a and contain besides
of the students’performances also an valuation of the school’s environment that
have an impact to teaching like teacher – student ratio,additional non
educational staff and the teachers’ average wage.Age Year3 to 44 to 55 to 66 to 77 to 88 to 99 to 1010 to 1111 to 1212 to 1313 to 1414 to 1515 to 1616 to 1717 to 18 Recep-tionYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Year 6Year 7Year 8Year 9Year 10Year 11Year 12Year 13Key stageFee payingprivate
schoolsState funded schoolsEarly yearsKey Stage 1Lower(First)PrimaryKey
Stage 2Key Stage 3SecondaryKey Stage 4 with Sixth FormKey Stage
5InfantPre-prepatoryJuniorLowerschoolUpperschoolCollegePrepatoryMiddleHighschoolUpperGrammarschoolSenior
(Public)Sixth FormTable 4.1: The timeline of education in England with the most common names of
the various schools and stages (fromGov17c). Academical education is
compulsory until the age of 16.9In table 4.1 the educational timeline
students in England is shown. The different school types of state funded
schoolsarise out of historcal development as well as geographical and
political reasons. Nevertheless each educational line, theeducational
stages that have been defined earlier in history and the key stages can be brought into accordance.Early Years5Since 2010 children at the age of three and four are entitled to free nursery
education. At the end an Early Years FondationStage Profile (EYFSP) of
each child’s development and learning achievements will be made.Primary
Education10During primary education pupils achieve basic skills in
literacy and numeracy. National Curriculum Tests (NCT) arecarried out at
the end Key Stage one and two in the core subjects of literacy,
numeracy and science. The examinationstowards the end of Key Stage two
is sometimes still referred to by their previous name of Standard Attainment Tests(SAT)
that must not be confused with the SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) in
USA that is used for college admission inthe United States (section 4.4
on page 28).Nowadays most public sector primary schools are fully
co-educational.Secondary Education152025Secondary education takes place
in combination of different types of school, reflecting historical circumstances or due topolitical impact.
Selective state-funded schools like grammar schools co-exist with
comprehensive state-funded schoolsand academies. The later are
public-funded independent schools and have got more freedom of operating
the schoolincluding lengths of school day and terms, delivery of the
curriculum and also of setting the conditions and paymentfor teachers.
Academies are founded to help innovate and raise standards with
objective of replacing poorly performingschools.This stage of education
ends usally with external GSEC (General Certificate of Secondary Education) examinationsthat correspondend to a EQF (European Qualifications Framework) level of 2 and 3, depending on the grades. The coresubjects are English, maths, two sciences, a foreign language and history or geography.Students in independent schools (mostly fee-paying schools) do not have to
follow the National Curriculum but usallyalso take GCSE or IGCSE
(International GCSE) examinations.Further Education30Further education
refers to students over the age of 16 and cover all, also to non academical education like workplaceeducation. Academical post-16 courses take place in integrated sixth form mostly within secondary schools or sixth form1 colleges and are referred to the Key Stage 5. Students select three or four
subjects in which they take examinations toachive General Certificate
of Education (GCE) Advanced Level, or A and AS Level (EQF level 4 ref ),
that is requiredfor application to university. The marks of these exams
are converted into UCAS points which must meet to entryrequirements of
programms in university.Higher EducationHigher education refers to courses at universities and similar higher education institutions.354.2.3
The national curriculum in England, Mathematics programmes of
studyGov13; Gov0440The national curriculum include besides the statutory programmes that are issued by law also non-statutory examplecontent and additional content for teaching to higher attaining pupils.