2005 DBQ Driving Forces of American Revolution Essay

The driving forces of the American Revolution, Freedom and Equality, resulted in changes in the developing nation. Social changes included the push for racial and gender equality. Political shifts were exemplified by the formation of political parties, freedom of religion, and the boundaries of slavery. Economic transformations included the change from an agricultural society to one of manufacturing. Realizing that social, economic, and political changes was the way of the future, Americans embraced the shift in order to establish there society.

Seeking a resolution to the everlasting debate in the Mercantilist society in the U. S over Hamiltonian ideas such as the excise tax in 1789 led to economic downpours such as Shay’s Rebellion in 1786. The excise tax was mostly created by Alexander Hamilton and was meant to mostly help the northern economy that was based on manufacturing by making it cheaper to buy American goods rather than imported goods. This was a major concern with the agricultural society of the south since for them it made once cheap foreign goods more expensive with just the excise tax alone.

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This extremely hurt their economy which was based on yeoman farmers and the Peculiar institution known as slavery as stated in document F, G, H. Shay’s Rebellion was based on problems such as the lack of hard currency and fiscally harsh instituted government policies such as the excise tax. This rebellion caused a major uproar in the Philadelphia convention in May 1787 where they made a major revision to the articles of confederation, what was supposed to be our original constitution.

Extending off what was said in document I by President James Madison in The Federalist some of the political shifts that were extended by the revolution were the articles of confederation that were completely revised in order to provide the national government more power. James Madison stated that “If men were angels there would be no need for government,” in contrast though the constitution itself sets clear limits on the government’s power using the power of checks and balances, separation of powers and federalism.

Other political aspects were stated in documents C and E by prominent Indian leaders who were afraid of their new role in American society now that the British were no longer there to help them. They were especially fearful since they were not included in the Treaty of Paris in 1783 that ended the revolutionary war but did not consider the Native Americans in the treaty; they were also very willing to kiss up to the Americans because of the very recent Treaty of Greenville. Considering the social reforms caused, by the indecent cult of domesticity, was definitely a major extent of the American Revolution.

Women’s involvement in the American Revolution caused a major ripple in the sea of male domesticity, with power players such as Abigail Adams, Molly Pitcher, and Molly Wallace. Molly Wallace, an educated young woman, gave a powerful speech in 1792 (Document J) which explained that a hypocritical paradox that we allow the woman to be educated and learn how to speak for themselves, yet because of their gender we refuse to give them the opportunity to speak for themselves and have the same rights as men.

This also connects to Document A with their depiction of either Molly Pitcher or someone who resembles what she stood for, which was women’s involvement in the American Revolution and having Patriotism. These traits were more so exemplified by strong willed women such as Abigail Adams was the best sponsor of the Daughters of Liberty during the Revolution. In a nut shell, the overwhelming enthusiasm caused by the American Revolution carried on to many years afterward. I mean the results of our revolution, and increased nationalism, is what leads to the French revolution and even into the future when German Romanticism arises.

Some could even look at these articles and relate them to people in England such as Mary Wollstonecraft, one of the world’s first woman’s rights advocates, and even her daughter Mary Shelly, who with her popular novel Frankenstein, inspired one of the world’s first science fiction novels. These ideals of Freedom and equality which were the very foundation of the American Revolution can be easily translated to many parts of history but we must not forget our roots where these ideals had their most profound effect which was in America.