Bantu Migration The Bantu migration occurred as early as 3000 BCE and it provided the basis for most of the African languages and it spread iron-working and agriculture in the Sub-Saharan region of Africa. The significance of the Bantu migration is that it basically formed Africa to what it is today. The spread of new technologies and the Bantus’ culture, made most of the African languages descending from Bantu origins. The result of the Bantu migration overall was the spread of new techniques and culture.
The culture resulted in new language groups and new types of people. Bantu is more of a language than a group of people because it describes who they are. Many of the African languages are based from the Bantu language group such as Swahili. There wasn’t too much warfare, so more people joined the Bantu migration. There were not any specific people who started the migration, but more of a group because the Bantu migration happened slowly and over hundreds, thousands of years. The effect that the migration had on the resources was both negative and positive.
The positive aspect of them on the resources was that they learned how to cultivate crops and introduced new ones such as yams. The negative effects were that the Bantu used up the resources of other tribes, which may have contributed to possibly famines and wars because of lack of food. There were other migrations such as the Hun, Germanic, and Indo-Aryan migrations. The Huns successfully invaded China during their migration. The Huns controlled Eastern Europe from the Baltic Sea to the Danube River. After the death of Attila the Huns were no longer much of a threat to Europe.
Eventually the Huns and Magyars came together to form the country of Hungary and if the Huns didn’t exist, the Roman Empire may not have fallen. The Western Roman Empire lost military strength and political cohesion, numerous Germanic peoples, began migrating in far and diverse directions. They intruded into other tribal territories, and the wars for land escalated while the areas for not preoccupied land were decreasing. Wandering tribes then began staking out permanent homes as a means of protection.
A direct result of the Roman retreat was the disappearance of imported products like ceramics and coins and also culture. The Indo-European migration occurred when they began to cross the Hindu Kush Mountains and northwestern India. The Indo-Aryan developed writing records in the Vedas in Sanskrit and the Rigveda is the most important. They settled in villages, with small independent states each were governed by a raja. They had poor transportation which made trade difficult, their culture such as Sanskrit spread.
Out of the three migrations the Indo-Aryan migration probably had the most in common with the Bantu migration even though it was also the most controversial migration because of the lack of evidence support that there was a migration. The negative reasons for the Bantu migration produced positive effects on the areas that they traveled to because they were able to bring new ideas even though they started to lose their culture. With different migrations there is always a positive and a negative because people never know what is going to happen until they actually get there.
The positive effects the Bantu migration had were metallurgy, introduction of new crops, and assimilation of new culture and negative effects would be the loss of culture, depopulation, and language transformation. The Bantu people probably didn’t know that some of the downfalls that would happen, but it was better than the life they were living before. The Industrial Revolution started because of the introduction of factories and new inventions were made to make life easier. There were positive outcomes such as productivity increased and people didn’t have to do as much work as they did before.
The negative outcome was that more slaves were needed because they had to pick the items quicker to make the product faster. There is always good with the bad, but the industrial revolution and Bantu migration had positive effects on most people during their periods. Losing culture or other parts of you can be bad thing at the moment, but then gaining other new cultures and new ways to understand things make that negative turn into a positive sometimes. Trying new things can lead to a migration going to another area of the world or making new inventions to make life easier, but everything is significant.