Following the holistic approach and giving attention to well-being, health is seen as a positive concept that includes social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. According to this prevailing concept of health, optimal health includes the wellbeing of a person as a whole. To enjoy the highest attainable standard of health, all its essential components should be in balance. They are integrative parts of health and are highly interrelated. Briefly, they can be described as follows.
First, there is physical health that refers to the state of being free from illness that affects the psychological system of the body. It is the most visible of the health components.
Then, there is emotional health characterised by the way in which you demonstrate your feelings and deal constructively with the negative ones. It also includes the ability to accept both your strengths and weaknesses and ask for help if you need to. It is not simply having positive feelings all or most of the time but experiencing the appropriate feeling according to the event that has occurred.
Another component is mental health that refers to a level of psychological well-being, or an absence of mental illness. It includes the way one copes with the the demands of daily life, handles stress effectively, solves problems and the ability to adjust to change.
Social health includes all forms of interactions with others as well as the potential of being influenced by others. It refers to the way you get along with other people and how they react to you.
Recently, emphasis has been given to spiritual health that includes a feeling of connection to the world and others in it, which may or may not be conceptualized as religion. It is achieved when you have a clear view of meaning and purpose in life
The multidimensionality brings the concept of health close to wellness. Wellness is generally used to mean a state beyond absence of illness in which all health components are perfectly balanced. And even more than that. It is about living a life full of personal responsibility and therefore taking proactive steps for the entire well-being. Clearly, it is not synonymous with health.