Militarism: is
a belief that it is necessary to have a military power to win a political and economic

1907, there was an increase in military influence on policy making

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could be reflected particularly in Germany and Russia

Army at this period was called a “State within the State”.



Alliances: is a agreement between two or
more countries to give each other a help if it is needed


the six major powers of Europe were split
into two alliances that would form the two warring sides the Triple Entente and
Triple Alliance

Britain, France, and
Russia joined the Triple

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy joined
in the Triple Alliance.



Imperialism: a situation in
which one country
has a lot of power or influence
over others, especially in
political  and economic


World War 1 was mainly caused
by Imperialism

Imperialism needs manpower
such as an army and a navy for building an empire to conquer and keep the land
that they colonized.



nationalism: The belief that a people who share a common language,
history, and culture should constitute an independent nation, free of foreign

Nationalism helped lead
to WWI because it caused conflict

It was this pan-Slavic nationalism
that inspired the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo in June
1914, an event that led directly to the outbreak of World War I.