Abstract – This paper represents the
concept of major material handling systems known as Automated Guided Vehicle, a
robot that can be accessed using wireless communication. It can be used to
deliver  materials from supply area to
the technician automatically. AGV travels along the virtual path provided to it
using computers. Hence, this requires less human intervention and manual
control. Also, to avoid collision with human workers, a proximity detector can
be added which causes the robot to stop when an obstacle is detected in its
way. The human errors has a negative effect on safety, efficiency and quality.
These effects can be reduced using Automated Guided Vehicle, AGV.

Index Terms – Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV), Radio Frequency (RF), docking, ATmega 16,
Wireless communication.

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I. Introduction

Automation
in manufacturing technology allow companies to rapidly produce products. This
has provoked a trend to reduce bulk inventory in favor of short term supplies.
Improved product handling and speed can be achieved with the implementation of
an Automated Guided Vehicle, AGV. With the help of intelligent computers, the AGV can
safely achieve high speeds. It is highly flexible due to remote communication. Its
ability to communicate with other autonomous vehicles provides a seamless
operation. The AGV can detect the objects in its path. Increased product turn-around
and faster shipping results in satisfied customers. More number of AGV’s can result
in a very efficient team work and can be very useful in various industries.
Also, it creates a better working environment. AGV models are developed as a prototype
for implementing and evaluating algorithms proposed.