Ludwig Van Beethoveen was born in 1770 in Bonn, Germany, gavehis first public performance at the age of eight. After leaving home he waslater employed as a court musician in Bonn in 1787, and during this time hestudied under both Haydn and Mozart. During the last 10 years of his life, unableto hear, he composed his most important work. Despite his rapid hearing loss,he continued to compose with fury. To this day, he is considered the greatestcomposer of all time.
Johann Sebastian Bach was born in 1685 in Germany, and hasbeen praised for his musical complexities and innovations. With a beautifulsoprano singing voice, and being an orphan at the age of 10, he found himself aplace at a school in Lüneburg. Though with age his voice did change and he foundhimself studying the violin and harpsichord. Better known as an organist than acomposer, he continued to work through his diminishing eyesight. An expertstoryteller, and a genius at creating different emotions.
Mastering the fugue,he is thought to be the best composer of the Baroque period. Antonio Vivaldi born 1678 in Venice, Italy, a renownedcomposer known for his Baroque concertos. He became known as “the Red Priest”because of his red hair at the age of 25.
He was also named “the Master of theViolin” that same year in Venice. Many of Vivaldi’s works were not recovered untilthe 20th century and have been heavily revived since WWII. Gloria and The FourSeasons are known to be his most famous pieces. George Frideric Handel was born in Germany in 1685 andrevealed his first opera in 1705.
Credited with founding the New Royal Academyof Music in 1727 after producing several operas of his own. As popularity ofthe opera diminished, Handel turned to the oratorio. He loved to use richmelodies, and knew how to use tone for drama in his pieces. His most famouspiece is Messiah, an oratorio, written in 1741. He died at the age of 74 onApril 14, 1759 at his home. Handel’s home from 1723 – 1759, on Brook Street inLondon was turned into a museum of his legacy and work in 2001. Arcangelo Corelli was born in 1653 to a wealthy, yet notnoble family.
Remembered as a violinist, composer and then a teacher. At theage of 19 he had his first major success in Paris. He so immensely built upon,perfected and popularized the Concerto Grosso principle, though he did notinvent it. distinguished by a beautiful flow of melody showing qualities ofrestraint, balance, consistency, and attention to detail.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Austria in 1756. Borninto a musically inclined family, he had an older sister, Maria Anna, but hewas the only son. He began performing as a child prodigy at age 6 alongside hissister. Emperor Joseph II chose Mozart to be his chamber composer in 1787. Mozartcreated and perfected the symphony, opera and concerto. In the fall of 1791 hewas bedridden due to increasing illness.
He died on December 5, 1791 at the ageof 35. Sergei Rachmaninov was born in Russia in 1873. He attendedthe Moscow Conservatory and won a medal for his first opera. He then rose tofame as a composer and concert pianist. In 1905 he became a conductor at theBolshoi Theatre. His works are often characterized by deep emotion and hauntingthemes. Thought of as one of the last effective composers of the Romanticperiod although his music was mostly written in the 20th century.
Hedied at his home in Beverly Hills in 1943.