From the reading, we can easily find that
the main statement of Derald Wing Sue and his colleagues. Racial
microaggressions are racism which is invisible, but potentially lethal, and it
just like the carbon monoxide. The name of racial microaggressions is given by
some researchers, and it is also the “new” manifestation of racism (Sue
and Sue 2003; Tinsley-Jones 2003). The
“old-fashioned” type where racial hatred was overt, direct, and often
intentional has increasingly morphed into a contemporary form that is subtle,
indirect, and often disguised (Banaji 2001; Banaji, Hardin, and Rothman 1993;
DeVos and Banaji 2005).
The biggest different between old-fashioned and racial
microaggressions is old-fashioned more straightforward to people who has these
kind of thinking, but racial microaggressions can make more impact to “victim”.
Racial microaggressions are commonplace and it always has target people or a
group of people. People who get racial microaggressions will feel more pain,
because this kind of racism appears in his daily life at anytime and anywhere.
“Positive” stereotyping cannot serve as type of racial
microaggressions, although it is most likely to be evident in well-intentioned white
Americans who are unaware they hold beliefs and attitudes that are detrimental
to people of color (2001, 1993, 2005). Because of the lack of knowledge and the
education background, some people cannot notice that they are hurt other people
with different skin color. Thus, sometimes people are Unintentional, and maybe
these kinds of behavior could be forgiven. However, it is also give the victim
a big harm. Some kids maybe remembered the bad experience that he has been
discriminated form very young, and that is also have the negative influence to
his whole life. So racial microagressions cannot has positive stereotyping.
Zhou, Min, and Anthony Christian Ocampo. Contemporary Asian America: a
Multidisciplinary Reader. New York University Press, 2016.
Sue, D. W., and D. Sue. 2003. Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and
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Banaji, M. R. 2001. “Implicit Attitudes Can Be
Measured.” Pp. 117–150 in H. L.
Roediger, III, J. S. Nairne,
I. Neath, and A. Surprenant, eds., The
Remembering: Essays in Honor of Robert G. Crowder. Washington, DC:
Banaji, M. R., C. Hardin, and A. J. Rothman. 1993.
“Implicit Stereotyping in
Person Judgment.” Journal of Personality and Social
Psychology 65: 272–281.
DeVos, T., and M. R. Banaji. 2005. “American = White?”
Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology 88: 447–466.