Introduction 3 Poverty foster crime 3 Conclusion 5 References 7 Academic Research Essay: Does Poverty Foster Crime? Introduction Whether poverty fosters crimes remains a continued source of contention politicians, socialists, economists, psychologist as well as members of the general public. On the one hand, opponents of the debate claim that the problem of crime in the society should be qualified as the consulted outcome of poor structural on security and reliable mechanisms for the nurturing and safeguarding of responsible citizens (Regoli, et al. 2009). On the other hand, proponents in the debate assert of the far-reaching effects of poverty in negating the socioeconomic wellbeing of the people as well as the ability by the government to engage in effective security measures (Kriesberg, 2009). All in all, given evidence of a strong link between poverty andinability by individuals to engage in useful activities, there is no doubt that poverty foster crime. This paper is a critical argument in support of the view that poverty foster crime.
Poverty foster crime.The proposition that poverty promote crime finds rationale thanks to a number of reasons. On the one hand, poverty is to be blamed for prompting the culture of idleness among members of the community. Humans always engage in pursuing some form of activities as a means for spending their energy. On the other hand, it is a common consensus that an idle mind is the devils workshop.
Based on this reasoning, failure by individual members of the community to find useful activities to spend their time in implies their elevated risk of engaging in destructive activities (Winfree & Abadinsky, 2009).This is true given the fact that poverty is a root cause to the problem of chronic unemployment. Increased levels of poverty translate toreduced chances for securing sustainable socioeconomic growth and development in the community and hence promoting the culture of idleness (Winfree & Abadinsky, 2009).
In addition, the claimed link between the problem of poverty and increased crime rates in the society can be explained by assessing the impact of poverty on access to quality education and hence the socioeconomic future wellbeing of the people.True to the letter, education has been qualified as a fundamental factor of consideration in defining the competitive future social and economic wellbeing by individuals in our modern society. Indeed, academic certifications are increasingly becoming a common requirement for securing employment opportunities in the society regardless of the type of job position(Harrison, 2012). This is further complemented by the fact that the problem of unemployment leads to the problem of idleness by individuals and hence the problem of crime.
Of particular significance here, poverty is deemed as a compromise to the ability by children to access quality and reliable education. According to available literature, on the effect of poverty on education, students from poor neighborhoods or communities comprise the majority population in public schools in our nation. On the other hand, evidence has it that public schools in our society and especially urban schools are marked with chronic issues such as over-population by students, lack of sufficient or reliable learning resources, and shortage of teaching staff.
As a result of these problems, urban public schools in our society have remained a common platform for poor student performance, high rate of school dropout, and the nurturing of irresponsible youths in the society (Serr, 2006). This has the ultimate implication that the quality of education offered to our children impacts much on their development into responsible and socially and economically valuable individuals both locally and nationally. On the contrary however, the problem of poverty significantly impacts egatively on the ability by children to secure quality education since it negates economic positioning of families to invest on their children’s education. This assertion is grounded on the fact that communities with high levels of poverty are marked with the higher levels of school dropouts and absenteeism among students compared to those in other communities (Kriesberg, 2009). The fact that poverty prompts poor living conditions is also to be blamed for nurturing the view that poverty foster crime.This can be evident from statistics on crime activities across communities which indicate high preference for crime in poverty-stricken communities.
In particular, poor living conditions have been closely associated with compromised moral values and hence the close association of poverty with enhanced crime activities in the society. Moreover, the problem of poverty has been closely associated with increased incidences of crime in the society given the impact it has in compromising reliable parenting of children in the society.This claim is based on available evidence linking poverty to issues of concern to the quality of parenting care offered to the young. As an emphasis, according to available statistics on poverty and socioeconomic wellbeing of the society, an estimated over 70% of incidences of domestic violence occur in poverty-stricken communities (Winfree &Abadinsky, 2009). This is complemented by evidence of the preference of psychological health complications among members of poor communities.This is a major concern to the ability of families to engage in providing quality parenting to children since such dictates for substantial mental health of parents and/or other parties involved in the parenting process.
Poverty remains a major factor behind the problem of dependence on the government and well-wisher among members of the society. This implies elevated risk of engage in illegal activities as a means for survival in the event that such programs proof unreliable or inadequate to safeguarding the sustainable survival by the beneficiaries.Just to note, like other programs in the society, dependence on governments and NGOs by families for livelihood remains subject to economic and policy dynamics (Siegel, 2012).
As a result, the culture of economic dependence, a result of poverty fosters the problem of crime since victims of poverty are more likely to engage in crime to safeguard their economic and hence social survival in the community.For example, statistics on crime activities indicate that blacks account for the highest number of criminal activities in the society (Harrison, 2012); an element that has been blamed to the problem of poverty common among members of this community. Last but not least, poverty as a contributing factor to the problem of crime is evident from the fact that poverty and hence poor levels of economic activities limited the ability by the state to engage in effective security measures. Opponent of the proposition that poverty foster crime perceives crime as the ultimate outcome of poor government policies on security in the society.However, this view on crime is limited by its failure to acknowledge economic status of a society as a fundamental factor of concern in promoting the notion of sustainable security by the state for the assured wellbeing of its people (Kriesberg, 2009).
Evidence in support of this view is the heavy investment of government resources by developed economies on security measures such as recruiting and training law enforcement personnel and huge investment of technological infrastructure for enhanced security strategies.Conclusion In conclusion, this research has established a strong connection between the problem of crime and poverty. On the one hand, poverty is identified as a factor inhibiting access to quality and reliable education to individuals and hence negating their competitive chance of securing better employment opportunities. In addition, poverty is qualified as a contributing factor to the problem of idleness and hence increased risk for sustaining criminal behavior.This is because poor communities find limited useful opportunities for their members to engage their free time in. This is complemented by evidence on the direct link between poverty and poor parenting practices, as poor families are common victims of family problems like domestic violence and divorce among others.
Moreover, this research has established the critical link between poverty and compromised inability by governments to invest in reliable security policies for their people.As a result, claims that poverty does not foster crime but is rather a failure by the state to provide reliable security stands unreliable since the ability to provide security by the state is significantly dependent on the economic status of the society as the source of government revenue. Therefore, it is sufficiently logical to assert that poverty foster crime.References Harrison, B. C. (2012). Power and Society: An Introduction to the Social Sciences.
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(2012). Criminology: Theories, Patterns, and Typologies. 11th ed. Cengage Learning. Winfree, L. T.
& Abadinsky, H. (2009). Understanding Crime: Essentials of Criminological Theory. 3rd ed. Cengage Learning.