Advertisements Do More Harm Than Good Essay

* An estimated 30,000 children die each day due to poverty–That is 18 children a minute; a child ever 3 seconds. * 2. 6 billion people around the world do not have access to adequate sanitation and about 885 million people do not have access to clean water. * Every day, 4100 children die each day from severe diarrhea – as a result of poor sanitation and hygiene. * Approximately 600 million children live in extreme poverty. * Nearly 11,700 people die every day from HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.

Nearly two-thirds of these people are living in sub-Saharan Africa. 67. 5 million children are out of school around the world, a figure equivalent to the entire primary school-aged population in Europe and North America. As a result to the Global Economic Recession, those living in extreme poverty have suffered the most. Recent increases in the price of food and oil have had a direct and adverse effect on communities that were struggling for survival even before the recession hit. The long-term effects of this recession are expected to potentially push millions more into extreme povery.

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Global poverty facts: * $1 challenge. More than 1 billion people live on less than $1 a day and more than 2 billion live on less than $2 a day. * Check your assumptions. Americans believe that their government spends 24 percent of the federal budget on aid to poor countries, but the actual figure is less than 1 percent. * Daily disasters.

HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria—all treatable diseases—claim the lives of over 8,000 people every day in Africa due to lack of access to health care. * The water walk.Women in developing countries travel an average of almost four miles each day to collect water. * The poor pay more. People living in the poorest slums can pay as much as ten times more for water than those in high-income areas of their own cities. * Gender disparity. According to the U. N.

, the majority of people in poverty are women, who globally earn roughly half as much as men. * Daily bread. Food prices have risen 83 percent since 2005, disproportionately affecting those in poverty who spend a higher percentage of their income on food. * No school for you.

In 2005, a conservative estimate stated that 72 million children around the world of elementary school age were not enrolled in school. * The global wealth gap. The richest 20 percent of the world’s population receives 75 percent of the world’s income, while the poorest 40 percent receive only 5 percent of the world’s income. * Poverty is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. [1] Absolute poverty or destitution refers to the deprivation of basic human needs, which commonly includes food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health care and education.Relative poverty is defined contextually as economic inequality in the location or society in which people live. [2][3] * For much of history, poverty was considered largely unavoidable as traditional modes of production were insufficient to give an entire population a comfortable standard of living.

[1][4] After the industrial revolution, mass production in factories made wealth increasingly more inexpensive and accessible. Of more importance is the modernization of agriculture, such as fertilizers, in order to provide enough yield to feed the population. 5] The supply of basic needs can be restricted by constraints on government services such as corruption, illicit capital flight, debt and loan conditionalities and by the brain drain of health care and educational professionals.

Strategies of increasing income to make basic needs more affordable typically include welfare, economic freedom, and providing financial services. * Poverty reduction is a major goal and issue for many international organizations such as the United Nations and the World Bank. The World Bank estimated 1. 29 billion people were living in absolute poverty in 2008.Of these, about 400 million people in absolute poverty lived in India and 173 million people in China. In terms of percentage of regional populations, sub-Saharan Africa at 47% had the highest incidence rate of absolute poverty in 2008. Between 1990 and 2010, about 663 million people moved above the absolute poverty level. Still, extreme poverty is a global challenge; it is observed in all parts of the world, including the developed economies.

[6][7] * Poverty is usually measured as either absolute or relative (the latter being actually an index of income inequality).Absolute poverty refers to a set standard which is consistent over time and between countries. * For a few years starting 1990, The World Bank anchored absolute poverty line as $1 per day. This was revised in 1993, and through 2005, absolute poverty was $1. 08 a day for all countries on a purchasing power parity basis, after adjusting for inflation to the 1993 U. S. dollar. In 2005, after extensive studies of cost of living across the world, The World Bank raised the measure for global poverty line to reflect the observed higher cost of living.

12] Now, the World Bank defines extreme poverty as living on less than US$1. 25 (PPP) per day, and moderate poverty[citation needed] as less than $2 or $5 a day (but note that a person or family with access to subsistence resources, e. g.

subsistence farmers, may have a low cash income without a correspondingly low standard of living – they are not living “on” their cash income but using it as a top up). It estimates that “in 2001, 1. 1 billion people had consumption levels below $1 a day and 2. 7 billion lived on less than $2 a day. “[13] A dollar a day, in nations that do not use the U.

S. dollar as currency, does not translate to living a day on the equivalent amount of local currency as determined by the exchange rate. [14] Rather, it is determined by the purchasing power parity rate, which would look at how much local currency is needed to buy the same things that a dollar could buy in the United States. [14] Usually, this would translate to less local currency than the exchange rate in poorer countries as the United States is a relatively more expensive country. [14] * The poverty line threshold of $1. 25 per day, as set by The World Bank, is controversial.

Each nation has its own threshold for absolute poverty line; in the United States, for example, the absolute poverty line was US$15. 15 per day in 2010 (US$22,000 per year for a family of four),[15] while in India it was US$ 1. 0 per day[16] and in China the absolute poverty line was US$ 0.

55 per day, each on PPP basis in 2010. [17] These different poverty lines make data comparison between each nation’s official reports qualitatively difficult. Some scholars argue that The World Bank method sets the bar too high, others argue it is low.Still others suggest that poverty line misleads as it measures everyone below the poverty line the same, when in reality someone living on $1.

2 per day is in a different state of poverty than someone living on $0. 2 per day. In other words, the depth and intensity of poverty varies across the world and in any regional populations, and $1. 25 per day poverty line and head counts are inadequate measures. [16][18][19] * The proportion of the developing world’s population living in extreme economic poverty fell from 28 percent in 1990 to 21 percent in 2001. [13] Most of this improvement has occurred in East and South Asia.

20] In East Asia the World Bank reported that “The poverty headcount rate at the $2-a-day level is estimated to have fallen to about 27 percent [in 2007], down from 29. 5 percent in 2006 and 69 percent in 1990. “[21]In Sub-Saharan Africa extreme poverty went up from 41 percent in 1981 to 46 percent in 2001,[22] which combined with growing population increased the number of people living in extreme poverty from 231 million to 318 million. [23] * In the early 1990s some of the transition economies of Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia experienced a sharp drop in income. 24] The collapse of the Soviet Union resulted in large declines in GDP per capita, of about 30 to 35% between 1990 and the trough year of 1998 (when it was at its minimum). As a result poverty rates also increased although in subsequent years as per capita incomes recovered the poverty rate dropped from 31. 4% of the population to 19. 6%[25][26]* World Bank data shows that the percentage of the population living in households with consumption or income per person below the poverty line has decreased in each region of the world since 1990:[27][28] The Royal Kingdom of Cambodia is a Southeast Asian nation bordered by the Gulf of Thailand, between Vietnam, Thailand and Laos.

Within its approximately 181,000 sq. kilometers, Cambodia has a population of about 13. 1 million people. Cambodia is a country that has been ravaged by three decades of war and strife. In these years, its population witnessed atrocities that will go down in history as among the most horrific of the twentieth century—over two million displaced people died by execution or enforced hardships.During the Khmer Rouge rule, the educated and culturally talented were executed. Intelligence and talent were not seen as virtues but as threats.

Books and all printed material were banned and subsequently destroyed. Generations grew up knowing nothing but a life of war, famine, death, disease, and depravation. Formal education was at a near standstill – millions were illiterate and uneducated. Although the government has tried to put in place a national education system, there are still a vast number of children in Cambodia who have no access to basic education.It was against this backdrop of both an uncertain but hopeful future that a group of seven Cambodians – determined to contribute to the development of their own community – came together to form the Cambodian Organization for Research, Development, and Education (CORDE).

In 1994,CORDE became a private, local non-profit and an apolitical voluntary development organization dedicated to promoting social and economic transformation, raising the quality of human life, and improving the well-being of individuals, families and communities. CORDE aims to accomplish these goals through provision of viable and sustainable programs.These programs are created for the sole purpose of enhancing individual’s capacities and capabilities, thereby increasing the level of participation in each community, resulting in empowerment at every level of society for long-term and sustained impact. Most of CORDES initiatives were concentrated in the province of Battambang, in northwest Cambodia.

Inspired volunteers gathered children from their villages to hold daily tutorial classes, each running for a minimum of two hours, with at least twenty students. More classes were opened as more volunteers came forward to teach the classes.These classes were held wherever places were available. In 1995 there were two classes.

By 1997, the number of classes increased to 35 with some 550 children participating. CORDE expanded classes to the province of Saang, just outside Phnom Penh. As the number of classes grew, and the number of students multiplied, CORDE expanded to even more areas of Cambodia and embarked on a systematic training program for its teachers.

This was to ensure that the quality and content of their classes were constantly improving and measurable accountabilities were in place.CORDE recently reflected and evaluated its development work of the last five years. The vision for the future that emerged was of a decentralized program offering a complete educational package extending from children to university graduates and beyond.

This vision includes the establishment of lifelong learning opportunities, fully integrated with the institute process of its main collaborator, The Institute for Training and Development (ITD) – thus supporting the growth and transformation of communities in a cohesive way. If it can realize this vision, CORDE expects to grow the number ofCORDE Centers of Learning (CCLs) from the current twelve to around forty by 2013, thereby serving a population of around 41,000 students. * The Cause of Poverty in Cambodia * Cambodia now stands at the halfway point towards of making a realty goal, but the result uneven. Many years a go Cambodia met the war again and again. A lot of problem in the country such as economic, less education, population, homeless, and so on, all the problem about cause the Cambodia become the third world country.

The Cambodian people have experienced in war, conflict and deadly political clashes almost continuously for the past 30 years.There is civil war from 19070-1975, the rule of the Khmer Rouge from 1975-1979, the Vietnamese invasion and occupation from political factions from 1993 to 1998. * Poverty in Cambodia is characterized by low income and consumption, poor nutritional status, low educational attainment, less access to public services including school and health services, less access to economic opportunities, and economic, social and political processes. The relatively high prevalence of HIV/Aids in Cambodia is an additional challenge to the current human development situation. First, Civil war is the root problems that cause lot of people died; many children become orphans; destroy many building and many people become homeless and disable. * On the other hand, natural disasters are serious problem that cause farmers move from one place to another place, destroy their property, and also kill their life too. * Although the Kingdom of Cambodia is rich in natural resources, decades of war and internal conflict have left it one of the world’s poorest countries. For the social and economic are scars.

Many millions of land mines were sowed throughout the country side, where millions still lie, hidden and unexploded.Many Cambodian who live in this areas, and they are an obstacle to agricultural development. Poor Cambodian is in rural areas.

Most of them depend on agriculture for their livelihood, but some of poor people are landless. Landlessness is one of the causes of a strong goal of internal changing of country that is also driven by the pressures of rapid population growth and the desire to evade from recurring flood and drought in lowland areas. Many people are moving from the more densely populated province in the south and west to the more sparsely populated provinces in the north-east, which include some of the country’s oorest districts. * The higher population growths contribute to poverty. Because of the Cambodia during the pol pot regime they kill a lot high education that wise it cause the lack education and training skills, people have inadequate employment opportunities and low capabilities.

They are insecure, excluded and vulnerable. They have limited access to natural resources. Poor * And the end of cause is population growth that populations of poorest countries grow much faster than those of the developed. This is because they are lack of the understanding of the important of birth control or they are unwilling to practice birth control.Too much population growth creates dependency ratio-that is, the percentage of the population that is not of working age. In other words, it will be a big burden for every family to support their members.

* Finally; the cause of poverty are wars that happen again and again, low education, economic, inflation homelessness and less investment. I think the main solution to these problems about is political stability. When the political is in stability, it can attract investors in Cambodia.

Therefore, it also brings knowledge and skill to Cambodian people. * * * Referent: 1. H.Strphen Gardner, Comparative Economic System, 2nd Edition Published by George Provol, 1998,125. * 2. Oum Sothea and Sokhach, 39.

* health, lack of education, poor infrastructure and low productivity lead to deeper poverty. The cycle of poverty, ill health and high health care expenditure cripples poor Cambodian families economically. * Until 1993 elections did not manage to bring the former non communist resistance armies in to a single unified force with the Phnom Penh military against the Khmer Rouge, but the elections neither stop the fighting, nor did they change fundamentally Cambodia’s political structure.

Tens of thousands are fleeing their homes, and the civilian population is suffering abuses from both sides. While Cambodia is developing some social institutions that can check human rights abuses, such as an independent press, a lively domestic human rights community, and a body of independent and critical parliamentarians, these features are under threat as the political situation deteriorates. * Second we talk about low educational attainment that is part of poverty. Education inCambodia is one of the worst in the world because we don’t have enough teacher, school, some school is far away from their house, and other wise some family is poor let their children go to work out side the house for their living that mad children cannot go to school, and poverty remains with the children of the poor to take time off from work for their education. Cambodia had get low of education because lost lot of scholar by the war.

* Third, based on the data compiled by WHO showed that Cambodian public health is among the worst in the world.The mortality rate of children under five was 138 per 1,000 live births in the year 2003, a lot higher than the rate in East Asia region which is 40 per 1,000 live births1. The primary causes of death for the general population are malaria, acute respiratory infection, tuberculosis, diarrhea and dengue fever. HIV/AIDS is also a main factor that contributes to low life expectancy among Cambodian citizens. Life expectancy at birth is estimated at only 57 years, about 13 years less than the life expectancy average in the region2.Since the majority of Cambodian people are destitute, they are not able to access to private healthcare frequently. Therefore, they must depend on the public healthcare, but the public health service is very limited. * Fourth of cause is saving and investment because Cambodian people are poor, it is hard for them to generate the savings that are needed to investment.

Usually, the investment rate of low income countries is lower than that of any other group of countries. This low rate of investment, in turn, contributes to the low rate of economic growth.In other words, Les investment leads to less employment opportunities. ntil recently Cambodia had been ravaged by three decades of civil war and torn apart by the bloody reign of the Khmer Rouge regime and Pol Pot. The Maoist government and its subsequent terrorism on the country held Cambodia to ransom and led to starvation, economic disaster and immense poverty in Cambodia. Thankfully the dark days of the Khmer Rouge are behind Cambodia and its people look towards a more hopeful future. Unfortunately, Cambodia still finds itself in economic dire straits, with the average annual wage only US$256.

Corruption within the government has also been a major cause of poverty in Cambodia since the expulsion of the Khmer Rouge. Judged by the standard of the UN Human Development Report, Cambodia is among the poorest countries in the world: it ranks 121 out of 164 on the human development index. When you’re there, this poverty rises up and slaps you squarely in the face, there is no avoiding it. You will be approached by children and adults selling all manner of things, while you sit and try to eat your lunch at a cafe.And you will be confronted by land mine victims who are missing limbs, blinded: or both. That is the sad reality of Cambodia. How to Deal With Poverty in Cambodia No one who comes to Cambodia remains unaffected by the troubling sights of beggars and people who are desperately poor. What makes it even harder to accept is that Cambodians deal with their struggles with incredible good humor and fortitude.

The problem of poverty in Cambodia can be overwhelming and it can be difficult to know how to deal with the poverty you witness.Most travelers can see their way clear to give a few coins to beggars, or shout a street urchin a free meal. It may also be helpful to locals, to pay a little above the odds for services and products, but still within the reasonable price range. These measures are kind and helpful, but some say that the best way to help ease poverty in Cambodia and to develop a deep sense of satisfaction as well as getting to experience more of the “real” Cambodia may be through volunteering or donations to reputable charities operating in Cambodia either before you come on vacation, during or after you return home.

In Siem Reap it is also helpful to ensure that your hotel is locally run and the money you spend is going to the people who need it most desperately and not wealthy foreign entities. It pays to do a little research before you go. There is also a different school of thought about this whole business of helping the Cambodians. Since there are so many NGOs and charity organizations, some people say that these good intentioned people are not actually helping the people in the long run. To be so dependant on foreign ids may have a negative effect on the people’s own sense of empowerment and in turn passively waiting for help and handouts.

The Future Cambodia’s poverty is certainly grim, but things are slowly improving throughout the kingdom. Foreign investment in tourist towns such as Siem Reap and Phnom Penh has led to more jobs and hope. Plus, there are several foreign agencies and non-governmental organizations that have developed programs to train poverty stricken Cambodians and equip them with skills to gradually haul their way out of extreme poverty.

There are programs such as “Seeing Hands” in Phnom Penh that trains blind Cambodians in massage and then places them in one of their six massage centers in the capital. These disabled people are able to earn a decent local wage with their skills and slowly move towards better lives for them and their families. There are many schools that are being sponsored and built by foreigners just like you who have been affected by the land of smile and their enthusiasm for life with limited prospects for many.So In Short… * Cambodia’s poverty still touches much of the population who struggle to survive on their meager incomes, but with continued support from committed citizens and non-governmental organizations it is hoped that the next generation will begin to see improvements in lifestyle, health and education. Corruption needs to be taken firmly in hand to ensure that public funds so urgently required for schools and health are not gobbled up by greedy bureaucrats or politicians.