By Paulo Roman Garcia Medrano A research paper Submitted to ERAU-Worldwide In Partial fulfillment of the degree of Technical Management Embry Riddle Aeronautical University Worldwide Oct-2012 Pg1 ABSTRACT Researcher: Paulo Roman Garcia Medrano Title: Airport Security Since Institution: Embry Riddle Aeronautical University Year: 2012 Since the tragedy of September 11, 2001 many changes have occurred in both the private and the government sector.
Without a doubt the most changed and affected was the aviation industry especially when it comes to security. For example before 9/11 a person could expect to arrive at an airport 20 or 30 minutes before his or her flight and still make it on time, Now you must be there at least Three hours before, in order to have enough time to go thru all the new security measures and being able to make your flight. Security measures had to change after 9/11 In the following pages I explain what the most noted changes had been
Pg2 Before September 11, 2001 You only had to show ID when you were checking in. Only two questions were asked: Did you pack your own bags? and Have your bags been seen outside your control? You could bring sharp objects on the plane like, pen knives, box cutters, and sharp scissors. All you had to do was arrive minutes before the flight and you wouldn’t have to rush to get on. Family or friends could accompany you to the gate and say good- bye.
You could also keep your shoes on and who ever was inspecting you didn’t care if you had a 12once bottle of coke of shampoo in your bag. All though some changes were being made in order to make the airports a safer place back then it was nothing like today. “Security was already tightening before 9/11 in response to everything from hijackers in the 1970s to the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, in December 1988. But the events 10 years ago changed air travel forever at every airport in the country “By Lorna Thackeray, March 2012, The gazette Staff.
After In response to the terrorist attacks of 9/11 2001 the government enacted a new legislation in order to increase air security, In November 19 2001 President Bush signed the Aviation Transportation Security Act ATSA which created a new Transportation Security Administration TSA. In addition to this the ATSA mandated several important changes in civil aviation security procedures. The two main changes in airport security visible to passengers were the federalization Pg3 of passenger security screening at all U. S. ommercial airports by November 19, 2002, and the requirement to begin screening all checked baggage by December 2002. In order to oversee the security operations the TSA hired many federal security directors for the more than 400 commercial airports in the US Even dough these measures where taken to increase the confidence of passengers in the American aviation system, They also made the process of being able to fly more tedious and inconvenient. Changes in airport security. The airport checkpoint screening has been significantly tightened since 2001.
Many passengers are patted-down and thoroughly checked with a hand-held metal detector. The security personnel are also better trained to perform searches. All passengers 18 years or older generally must now have valid identification, issued by the government in order to fly, although the ID is only visually checked for validity and the name and details are not validated. Airports may check the ID of any passenger at any time to ensure that the details on the ID match those on the printed boarding pass. Under xceptional circumstances, an individual may fly without a valid ID. If approved for flying without an ID, the individual will be subject to extra screening of their person and their carry-on items Changes were not only being made in the airports to keep a high level of security but in the aircraft as well, Cockpit doors on many aircraft are now strengthened and bulletproof to prevent unauthorized access. Unlike in previous years, passengers are generally prohibited from entering the cockpit during flight.
Some aircraft are equipped with cameras, so the pilots can monitor the Pg4 cabin activity. Pilots also have an option to carry a gun, but must be trained to use and operate it. In the US, more air marshals have been placed onto flights to improve security Conclusion. The security measures imposed by the TSA after 9/11 make flying a much more tedious and longer process because of what many of us think of as unnecessary. But at the same time the TSA is doing what is necessary to guarantee safety and security to the people both in and out of the aircraft. More than 6 billion consecutive safe arrivals of airline passengers since the attacks on America on September 11th 2001 mean that whatever the annoying and seemingly obtuse airport-security measures may have been, they have been ultimately successful. However one measures the value of our resilient society careening through ten tumultuous years without the added drag of one or more industry-crushing and national psyche-devastating catastrophic 9/11-scale attacks, the sum of all that is more than its cost.
If the question is whether the changes made to airport security since 9/11 have done more harm than good, the answer is no. ” Kip Hawley former TSA boss. Pg5 References 1. Lorna Thackeray, March 2012, The gazette Staff http://billingsgazette. com/search/? l=50;amp;sd=desc;amp;s=start_time; amp;amp;f=html;amp;byline= 2. Cory Doctorow , Mar 23 2012 http://boingboing. net/2012/03/23/bruce-schneier-and-former-tsa. html 3. Immigration online website http://immigration-online. org/371-aviation-and-transportation-security-act-of-2001. html