Alcohol And The Body Essay

Alcohol damages the whole body. It can bring up diseases like: fatal alcohol syndrome, heart disease, liver disease, pancreatitus, cirrhosis, alcohol hepatitis, and various types of cancer. Heavy long periods of drinking bring up most of these diseases.

Symptoms of these diseases are an abdominal pain, yellow coloring in skin, eyes, and urine, fevers, nausea, vomiting, and including death. Alcohol hepatitis can lead to death. Cirrhosis is not curable, but can be involved with transplantation. This causes scarring of the liver.

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Fatal alcohol syndrome is when pregnant women drink while pregnant, the unborn child, shows signs of physical and mental loss at birth. Pancreatitus, inflammation of the liver, gives off major abdominal pain and weight loss can turn to fatal fate. Drinking alcohol, by adding high blood pressure and chances of having a stroke or heart attack, increases the likely-hood of having a heart disease. Cancer is also advanced in many different areas.

There are so many places where you can get it, because of the variety of areas that alcohol effects.Cancer can be in the following regions: throat, mouth, voice box (larynx), liver, breast, colon, and esophagus. Alcohol also affects the nervous system. It weakens your muscles and makes you somewhat sleepy. Other complications include: digestive-system problems, ulcers, and if you are taking any pain killer medication and drinking alcohol you may be at risk for very serious liver damage. Alcohol practically affects all systems in your body and can cause life long damage.

Alcohol affects the parts of your body that are controlled by your brain. BAC means blood alcohol contraction. If a person has two or three drinks in one hour, it affects most of the cerebrum, judgment, reason, senses, coordination, vision, and speech.

This amount of alcohol affects driving skills. BAC is 10%. Four to five drinks, in one hour, affects the entire cerebrum, hearing and all of the above. BAC is 15%. Eight to ten drinks, per hour, affects limbic system, heart and respiratory rate, and all of the above.BAC is 40%. More than twelve drinks, in an hour, it affects the central core of your brain, body, temperature, and all of the above.

This many beers or liquor drinks can cause a serious coma or even death. BAC is at 50%. Drinking alcohol affects the brain, liver, heart, pancreas, sex hormones, kidneys, and lungs. As you can see, there is a lot alcohol can damage. Areas affected in the brain are memory, judgment, insight, behavior, problem, solving, coordination, and understanding pleasure or pain.Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant- it slows down the body’s functions and its effects are similar to those of a general anesthetic. More technically, all brain functions are communications among nerve cells in the brain.

The places where nerves cells join generally have microscopic gaps called synapses. Chemicals called neurotransmitters do communications between nerve cells across these gaps. After these chemicals cross the gaps they activate the receiving nerve cell at a site specific to the type of chemical that crossed the gap.

Activation causes a change in the receiving nerve cell. This change may increase or decrease in the nerve cell’s responsiveness to more activation. The process of converting messages from one nerve cell into changes within another nerve cell is called signal transduction.

Alcohol may produce some of its effects by interfering with signal transduction. The brain’s long-lasting adaptations to alcohol may be, in part, due to changes in gene function. Genes direct the making of proteins.By influencing gene function, alcohol may alter the structure and function of specific sites on the nerve cell that have roles in intoxication, reinforcement, and physical dependence. Alcohol’s effects on genes may also alter proteins involved in signal transduction. Too much alcohol causes three types of liver problems. Fatty liver disease is 100% reversible with abstinence. Cirrhosis is the fatal form of alcohol hepatitis.

Cirrhosis leads to death. Alcohol hepatitis is a higher stage of fatty liver disease, but only this one is not reversible.Alcohol affects heart rates also. People who already have heart problems can easily die from alcohol. Too much drinking causes acute inflammation of the pancreas that can result in death. Drinking affects normal production of male and female hormones.

Birth defects occur when the woman drinks too much. Kidneys are affected by alcohol because the urinary function increases because of change in hormone aldosterone. Aldosterone regulates water in the body.

Too much drinking can and will lead to lung infections. It will also increase the fluid accumulation in the lungs.Alcoholism, also known as “alcohol dependence,” it is a disease that includes four symptoms: Craving (A strong need, or compulsion, to drink), Loss of control (The inability to limit one’s drinking on any given occasion), Physical dependence (Withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety, occur when alcohol use is stopped after a period of heavy drinking), Tolerance (The need to drink greater amounts of alcohol in order to “get high”). People who are not alcoholics sometimes do not understand why an alcoholic can”t just “use a little willpower” to stop drinking.However, alcoholism has little to do with willpower.

Alcoholics are in the grip of a powerful “craving,” or uncontrollable need, for alcohol that overrides their ability to stop drinking. This need can be as strong as the need for food or water. Although some people are able to recover from alcoholism without help, the majority of alcoholics need assistance. With treatment and support, many individuals are able to stop drinking and rebuild their lives. Many people wonder why some individuals can use alcohol without problems but others cannot.

One important reason has to do with genetics.Scientists have found that having an alcoholic family member makes it more likely that if you choose to drink, you too may develop alcoholism. Genes, however, are not the whole story. In fact, scientists now believe that certain factors in a person’s environment influence whether a person with a genetic risk for alcoholism ever develops the disease. A person’s risk for developing alcoholism can increase based on the person’s environment, including where and how he or she lives; family, friends, and culture; peer pressure; and even how easy it is to get alcohol.