America, example, they are allowed to operate

America, the great, ishome to many citizens that come from all various kinds of backgrounds whichcreates the melting pot that makes America so great.

The Fourteenth Amendmentof the United States Constitution says, “Allperson born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to thejurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the Statewherein they reside.” (law.cornell.edu) With that being said, if you are bornin America or naturalized, you are a citizen and entitled to the same treatmentas other citizens and no one is allowed to legally to discriminate against you.The United States has a history of certain ethnic groups that are still targetsof unfair treatment today.

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The first “settlers,” theNative Americans at one point in history not considered citizens of the UnitedStates but instead, part of their own self-governing nation. Native Americansare the only ethnic group mentioned by name in the United States Constitution,but the Constitution does not make clear how Native Americans are to betreated. In 1942, Native Americans were granted citizen’s rights and also getspecial “treatment” in the territory which they govern, for example, they areallowed to operate casinos in states that do not allow gambling. People with Asianethnicity have actually been the victims of federal discrimination. In 1882,Congress created the “Chinese Exclusion Act,” which was one of the firstfederal laws aimed specifically at immigrants, which aimed to stop immigrantsfrom China. In Wong Kim Ark versus the United States (1898), the court ruledthat American citizenship is based on being born in America, not thecitizenship or nationality of one’s parents.  Wong was born in 1873 and raised in SanFrancisco by his immigrant parents.

After a few years spentin California, his parents went back to China. Wong often visited him but in1895, his return to California was met with challenges. “Wong was preventedfrom landing by customs, according to court documents, “upon the soleground that he was not a citizen of the United States.” He was”restrained of his liberty,” detained by customs and the steamshipcompany.

But he fought: Within less than two months of his detention, a writ ofhabeas corpus was filed on Wong’s behalf, challenging the government officials’actions. His case ultimately went from district court in Northern California tothe U.S. Supreme Court. In March 1898, the court decided on his behalf, citingthe 14th Amendment.” (scpr.org)Like mentioned before,America is a melting pot of many nationalities. People who don’t speak Englishas their primary language, even if born and raised in America are often facedwith discrimination.

Most recently, discrimination can be seen on social media.Just recently a video surfaced on black Friday of a white woman confronted twoAsian-American women at a shopping store. The two women were speaking inanother language when a third woman confronted them by saying, “you’re inAmerica, you need to speak English” the younger of the two women, responded inEnglish that she is free to speak whichever languages she chooses and explainedto her, that even though she speaks another language, she is American as welland Americans should not treat anyone the way she was treated in that moment. The Fourteenth AmendmentEqual Protection Clause applies to anyone born in the United States and anyonethat has been naturalized.

People who emigrate to the United States followingimmigration rules and regulations generally are entitled to the same rights andprivileges as citizens of America with the exception of voting rights unlessthey become citizens. Those who have come to America under differentcircumstances and have violated laws dealing with immigration do not have identicalprotections but still have some. They are usually eligible for medical andeducational services, but not for other social services. Citizens withdisabilities are frequently discriminated against every day in America.

Thiscould be some random person in the grocery store, your grandparents, oreventually, over time yourself. Some people are born with disabilities, whileothers “inherit” them through illnesses or accidents. “About 56.

7 millionpeople — 19 percent of the population — had a disability in 2010, according toa broad definition of disability, with more than half of them reporting thedisability was severe…” (census.gov) With that being said, about 1 in 5 peoplein America has a disability and more often than not, are discriminated againstby employers. In 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act became a law. “TheADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individualswith disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools,transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the generalpublic. The purpose of the law is to make sure that people with disabilitieshave the same rights and opportunities as everyone else.

” (adata.org)The Fourteenth Amendmentbrings about many points, but the most known is equal protection. Without equalprotection where would America or its citizens be? Minorities, the elderly, thedisabled, and many more would not be protected or have rights. “illegal”immigrants would not be able to receive the health care they are afforded inAmerica as well as the education provided. Without this amendment, the Americawe know would crumble.