Analyzing Counseling TheoriesPart 1: ChartFeminist TheoryTranspersonal TheoryBackground TheoryBetty FriedmanThe Feminine Mystique (1963)Feminist counseling (1970s)Radical, liberal, and moderateMaslowFourth forceKen WilberSpectrum or integral approachHuman NatureGender role expectations’ impact on human developmentTraditional theories are not applicablePrepersonal functioningPersonal functioningTranspersonal functioningMajor ConstructsPerson is politicalCommitment to social changeEgalitarian relationshipsWomen’s experiences and voices are honoredAll types of oppression are recognizedReductionist approachHumanistic approachApplicationsMaking choices based on personal experiences and strengthsSelf-help skills and toolsPersonal level and social level changesMystical and peak experiences, and spiritual emergenciesMeditation, initiations and vision questing, ritual and shamanic inductions Intrinsic health, mindful and present centered, act of service and act of work on oneself, recognizing duality EvaluationsIs as effective as traditional counselingConscious-raising is therapeutic benefitNot as clearly defined as a theoryDifficult to obtain adequate trainingNot allied with multicultural and social justice counselingMore accepting of other theoriesEmpirical study difficultEthicality and effectiveness with severe mental issues in question Considered dangerousPart 2: ReflectionI hope to work with teenagers between the ages of 13-18 as a trauma and crisis counselor. Teenagers are very vulnerable in the world today. Since they have so many choices that can bring a negative or positive influence in their lives, they truly need a solid support system in any circumstances. The theory that I feel would be most effective in this population is the Feminist theory. This theory does not conform to societal conditions placed upon gender roles and expectations. Instead it focuses on the client making choices based on their own strengths and personal experiences (Enns 2004 as cited in Herlihy & McCollum 2011).
It is important for teenagers, to recognize and appreciate their differences regardless of the outlook that society’s traditions have assigned to them. The interventions that I would suggest are the reframing and relabeling. Reframing involves changing the standards for judging or deciding how to examine an individual’s behavior (Herlihy & McCollum 2011). Teenagers are very sensitive to how they are viewed among their peers, especially in a negative light. If they are able to change the perspective from negative to positive, they will cease in always blaming themselves for their problems. Relabeling can also turn a negative connotation into a positive. Herlihy and McCollum (2011) stated that dysfunctional behavior can be relabeled as a way of coping with the behavior.
This can, in fact, be a positive turning point in their lives. Reframing and relabeling becomes very important for the teenager who has been seen as anything other than “normal” in their lives. With the assistance of these interventions, what was once considered a weakness can be reframed into strength. These interventions would assist in empowering teens to use their own experiences to propel themselves in society. This will also lead them to becoming more sensitive to the growing diversity in the population. By accepting themselves and others outside of societal roles, they can also gain their independence and become leaders in their communities (Herlihy & McCollum 2011).ReferenceHerlihy, B., & McCollum, V.
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