Animal Farm by George Orwell published in 1945 as a symbolism of communism for criticizes to Josef Stalin’s movements. In the book with Old Majors meeting and talking animal got inspired for the Rebellion and new sovereignty starts with pigs to rule farm.
A wise and persuasive pig and barely alive, old Major, Major represents Karl Marx and his ideology. After his speech old Major talks about his dream and in his dream, animal’s won the rebellion against to humans. In his book “Animal Farm,” George Orwell, old Major’s speech:
“Now, comrades, what is the nature of this life of ours? Let us face it:
our lives are miserable, laborious, and short. We are born, we are given
just so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies, and those of us
who are capable of it are forced to work to the last atom of our strength;
and the very instant that our usefulness has come to an end we are
slaughtered with hideous cruelty. No animal in England knows the meaning
of happiness or leisure after he is a year old. No animal in England is
free. The life of an animal is misery and slavery: that is the plain truth.
Man is the only creature that consumes without producing. He does not
give milk, he does not lay eggs, he is too weak to pull the plough, he
cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits. Yet he is lord of all the
animals. He sets them to work, he gives back to them the bare minimum that
will prevent them from starving, and the rest he keeps for himself. Our
labor tills the soil, our dung fertilizes it, and yet there is not one of
us that owns more than his bare skin. You cows that I see before me, how
many thousands of gallons of milk have you given during this last year?
And what has happened to that milk which should have been breeding up
sturdy calves? Every drop of it has gone down the throats of our enemies.
And you hens, how many eggs have you laid in this last year, and how many
of those eggs ever hatched into chickens? The rest have all gone to market
to bring in money for Jones and his men. And you, Clover, where are those
four foals you bore,
who should have been the support and pleasure of your
old age? Each was sold at a year old–you will never see one of them
again. In return for your four confinements and all your labour in the
fields, what have you ever had except your bare rations and a stall?”(Quoted in Animal Farm, George Orwell 2)
Farm owner Mr. Jones represents Tsar Nicholas II, whom the Russian Revolution ousted. Old Major could not live enough for rebellion, Snowball and Napoleon lead the rebellion. Napoleon represents Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, what Napoleon represents, in a more general sense, the political tyrants that have emerged throughout human history and with particular frequency during the twentieth century. Leon Trotsky is represented by Snowball-who like Trotsky-is a passionate and dedicated ideologist; committed to Animalism. Furthermore, Snowball furthers Animal Farm’s plot development. Sadly, Snowball’s ideas also lead to his demise as he is no match to Napoleon’s powerful and barbaric nature. Napoleon organizes a counterrevolution with the help of his guard dogs represents the palace guards, and drives Snowball into exile as happened with Trotsky in the real world, then plays one neighbor, Mr. Frederick represents Hitler, against the other, Mr. Pilkington represents a Churchillian Tory, paralleling the events of World War II.
Animal Farm is a political allegory on Russian Revolution, but it can also be applied to any time revolution. This work, attacks generally the desire for power. It observes the psychological foundation of revolution, we picture the farm in our minds as Russia, so Mr. Jones represents Czar Nicholas II, the last Russian ruler. Old Major was devoted to animal rights and equality. He encouraged the animals to come together and fight against their enemy. Unfortunately Old Major passed before he could not see the animal’s victory. Old Major was an active advocate of Animalism-a mix of socialism and communism. Unfortunately, Napoleon hindered Old Major’s efforts due to his obsession with power and authority.
A language is a powerful tool which can be used to manipulate people when comes about change. Napoleon and Squealer extremely good to manipulate other animals with their tone of a tongue. In addition, they misemploy the word of equality. The pigs are able to control the memories of the other animals. More specifically the pigs charge the Seven Commandments; thus the ideals of the next generation are built on lies and deceit.
“All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” (Quoted in Animal Farm, George Orwell, 51)
Old Major, after his death, Farm became twisted and perverted by those animals that got a taste of power. Instead of an animal utopia, it became dystopia pigs like Napoleon turned the farm into a dictatorship. Animals would senselessly and tragically die through a false and full of lie ideology meant for the self-gain of pigs. Orwell’s Animal Farm thinking becomes a preventive tale of a utopian dream going wrong through human (animal) nature.