General purpose:to persuade Specific Purpose:to persuade my audience that animal testing should be abandoned. Organizational Pattern: problem solution Introduction I. Attention Getter: 115 million animals are used in laboratory experiments around the world each year,19.
5 million of them are killed and 68 percent of them are dogs are cats, that means 13. 4 million of dogs and cats put to death each year! II. Credibility Statement: I’m against animal testing since I know it, I’ve participate in many anti animal testing activities, I’ve read biologists’ articles and news about it and I would like to share the information with you.
III. Relating to the Audience: Modern times many family consider a dog or a cat a member of their family and i believe many of your family have dogs and many products you used are involved animal testing. IV.
Thesis Statement: Animal testing is not only morally unacceptably but also useless, it has to be stoped and new testing methods should be utilized. V. Main point preview: Today, i will discuss the cruel history of animal testing, then i ll tell you why animal testing is useless and the solution of testing products without animal experimentation.Transition:Now you know the topic of my speech, I’ll first talk about the cruel history of animal testing. Body I.
Animals were treated poorly by testing human products in history. A: The Draize Test is an eye irritancy test done on rabbits. (KR,2001) B: The LD50 test determines the dosage of a substance that will kill 50% of the animals given that dosage. (Bitz, 2010) C: The Acute toxicity test can does massive damage to tested animals.
(Walum, 1998) Transition: now you know how people treated animals in history next I will tell you some facts about animal testing. II.According to many researches, the results of animal tests rarely maches with human beings. A: 95% of drugs passed by animal tests are dangerous to humans.
(Vegan, 2007) B: According to animal tests lemon juice is deadly poison, but arsenic, hemlock and botulin are safe. (Vegan, 2007) C: We use aspirin for aches and pains. It causes birth defects mice, rabbits and rats. Transition: Now you know that most of the animal tests are useless next i will tell you some alternatives of animal testing. III. Animal testing alternatives A: Computer modeling is a good option of animal testing.
: computers can make human models instead of real animals 2: No animals would die by using computer models. B: Donated human blood is a good resource of testing. C: In Vitro testing is a new good scientific method that involves the use of cell and tissue cultures to test the effective of drugs. (Ouchterlony, 1949) Transition: In closing, I’ve share with you the cruel history of animal testings and it’s alternatives.
Conclusion I. Main Point Review: In this speech, I’ve talked about the history of animal testings, some important facts about animal testings and the alternatives to animal testings.II. Restatement of Thesis: Animal testing is not only cruel but also useless, it has to be stoped and being replaced by other testing methods II.
Clincher:An American Animal rights activists Cesar Chavez said “We need, in a special way, to work twice as hard to help people understand that the animals are fellow creatures, that we must protect them and love them as we love ourselves. ”Reference KR, W. Department of Ophthalmology, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. , (2001).
The draize eye test. 493-515). Retrieved from website: http://www. ncbi. nlm.
nih. gov/pubmed/11425356 Bitz, S. (2010). The botulinum neurotoxin ld50 test – problems and solutionsDoctors against Animal Experiments Germany, Munich, Germany. Walum, E. US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health Search term Search database Clear input, (1998).
Acute oral toxicity. (497503). Retrieved from website: Vegan, R. (2007). 24facts-animal testing.
Retrieved from http://www. animalrightscommunity. com/blogs/blog/animal-rights-bulletins/mys