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Annelies Marie “Anne” Frank was a German-born diarist. She was born June 12, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany. Her father Otto Frank, her mother Edith Frank, and her sister Margot Frank was the only family she had. Anne was one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust who had gained fame posthumously with the publication of The Diary of a Young Girl. In this she documents her life in hiding from 1942-1944, during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II. Anne was born on the eve of dramatic changes in German society that would disrupt her family’s happy, tranquil life as well as the lives of all other German Jews. In the fall of 1933, Anne Frank and her family moved to Amsterdam, Netherlands. After moving, Anne Frank then attended Amsterdam’s Sixth Montessori School in 1934. Throughout the rest of the 1930’s she seemed to live relatively happy and normal childhood, but that would all change on September 1, 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded Poland, igniting a global conflict that would grow to become World War II. On May 10, 1940, the German army invaded the Netherlands, defeating Dutch forces after just a few days of fighting. The Dutch surrendered on May 15, 1940, marking the beginning of of the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. As Anne later wrote in her diary “After May 10, 1940, the good times were few and far between; first there was the war, then the captilation and then the arrival of the Germans, which is when the trouble started for the Jews.” Beginning in October 1940, the Nazi occupiers imposed anti-Jewish measures on the Netherlands. Jews were required to wear a yellow Star of David at all times and observe a strict curfew; they were also forbidden from owning businesses. Anne and her sister, Margot, were then forced to transfer to a segregated Jewish school. On July 5, 1942, Margot received an official summons to report to a Nazi work camp in Germany.The very next day, the Frank family went into hiding in makeshift quarters in an empty space at the back of Otto Frank’s company building, which they referred to as the Secret Annex. The Frank family was accompanied by other people who provided food and information about the outside world. The families had spent two years in hiding where they never once stepped outside the dark, damp, sequestered portion of the building. The day of August 4, 1944, a German secret police officer and four Dutch Nazi’s flounced into the Secret Annex, arresting everyone that was hiding there, the families had been betrayed by an anonymous tip who’s identity of their betrayer to this day, still remains unknown. The residents of the Secret Annex were shipped off to Camp Westerbork, which then arrived by a passenger train on August 8, 1944. They were then transferred to the Auschwitz death camp in Poland during the middle of the night on September 3, 1944. Upon arriving at Auschwitz, the men and women were seperated. This had been the last time Anne, Margot, and Edith Frank had seen Otto. After several months of hard labor, Anne and her sister were again transferred during the winter to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany, where in March 1945 they both died. Their mother was not allowed to go with them, she then fell ill and died in Auschwitz shortly after arrival. After the end of World War II, the Secret Annex was on a list of buildings to be demolished, but a group of people in Amsterdam campaigned and set up the foundation now known as the Anne Frank House. The house preserved Frank’s hiding spot; today it’s one of the three most popular museums in Amsterdam. In 2009 because Anne loved chestnut trees, the Anne Frank Center USA launched a national initiative called the Sapling Project where they planted saplings from a 170-year-old chestnut tree.                                 Work Cited “Who is Anne?” Anne Frank Center for Mutual Respect,”Anne Frank.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 18 Jan. 2018,”Anne Frank.”, A&E Networks Television, 2 Aug. 2017,, H. “Chrome-Extension://Bpmcpldpdmajfigpchkicefoigmkfalc/Views/Ap.”, 24 Jan. 2014,”Anne Frank – Google Arts & Culture.” Google, Google,”Biography of Anne Frank.” Assignment Point, 4 Jan. 2017,”Virtual Learning at Paignton Community and Sports College. – Paignton Online.” Paignton Online RSS,, Anne Frank. “From hiding place to museum: The history of the Anne Frank House.” Anne Frank House, 28 June 2010,”Anne Frank.” Un ponte per anne frank,”Who Was Annie Frank?” Anne Frank (Antoine Fields),,468,3834.The Holocaust:, Alexis. “Anne Frank.”, 19 Feb. 2016,