As viewed under incandescent light source will


As a singular element of design, light could be regarded as
the leading element to affect the mood and mission of a space, influencing all
other elements throughout the design process. Where natural light may have
certain affects, artificial could spur quite the opposite, generating several different
responses within the human perception to a piece of architecture or design. Creating
an adaptable lighting space can benefit the occupant by triggering cognitive
behaviour through influencing psychological and physiological factors, thus
potentially controlling someone’s thought process. All of this merely done as a
result of playing upon the senses.

Within an architectural form every experience is multi-sensory
and within good design each strategy should solve more than one problem. It is
uplifting to have constant interaction of all sense modalities and as the eye
collaborates with all other senses and light has the main control over sight, this
should be used to an advantage. For example, a room would generally become more
inviting if the sun path was taken into consideration when deciding on the orientation
of a window, also generating optimum natural light. Juhani Pallasmaa (2014),
states “Colors viewed under incandescent light source will appear different from
the same colours viewed under florescent light”.


As we’ve entered into the 21st century, neuro
science has begun to develop faster than ever; finding diagnoses for certain learning
difficulties, remedies for mental health issues and solutions to physical disabilities;
all through learning more about the brain.  Due to discoveries and the further understanding
of certain minds, psychological and physiological factors within architecture
are vastly becoming more apparent. “The way in which an environment is
presented to its users is at least partly responsible for the way they perceive
and react to it.” (Gary Steffy, 2008). As humans we have a biological need for
light and reaction to light, whether this benefits us therapeutically or
generates negative health implications, therefor subconsciously this bares an
influence on us.

After a scalar descriptor survey took place in the 1970’s,
it was argued that there are 5 specific impressions influenced by various
luminance aspects; spaciousness, privacy, relaxation, visual clarity and
preference. All of which were be categorised by intensity, uniformity and