As a singular element of design, light could be regarded asthe leading element to affect the mood and mission of a space, influencing allother elements throughout the design process.
Where natural light may havecertain affects, artificial could spur quite the opposite, generating several differentresponses within the human perception to a piece of architecture or design. Creatingan adaptable lighting space can benefit the occupant by triggering cognitivebehaviour through influencing psychological and physiological factors, thuspotentially controlling someone’s thought process. All of this merely done as aresult of playing upon the senses.
Within an architectural form every experience is multi-sensoryand within good design each strategy should solve more than one problem. It isuplifting to have constant interaction of all sense modalities and as the eyecollaborates with all other senses and light has the main control over sight, thisshould be used to an advantage. For example, a room would generally become moreinviting if the sun path was taken into consideration when deciding on the orientationof a window, also generating optimum natural light. Juhani Pallasmaa (2014),states “Colors viewed under incandescent light source will appear different fromthe same colours viewed under florescent light”.
As we’ve entered into the 21st century, neuroscience has begun to develop faster than ever; finding diagnoses for certain learningdifficulties, remedies for mental health issues and solutions to physical disabilities;all through learning more about the brain. Due to discoveries and the further understandingof certain minds, psychological and physiological factors within architectureare vastly becoming more apparent. “The way in which an environment ispresented to its users is at least partly responsible for the way they perceiveand react to it.” (Gary Steffy, 2008). As humans we have a biological need forlight and reaction to light, whether this benefits us therapeutically orgenerates negative health implications, therefor subconsciously this bares aninfluence on us.
After a scalar descriptor survey took place in the 1970’s,it was argued that there are 5 specific impressions influenced by variousluminance aspects; spaciousness, privacy, relaxation, visual clarity andpreference. All of which were be categorised by intensity, uniformity andlocation.