Atherosclerosisis one of the key factors that contribute to Ischemic Heart Disease. It is thehardening and narrowing of the inner arterial walls of the arteries, whichhinders the flow of blood to the body. According to Beckerman, J (2016), arteries are lined byendothelium, which is athin layer of cells that acts as a barrier among the lumen and theencompassing tissues that control the motion of white blood cells, insideand outside of the bloodstream.
Atherosclerosis develops with the harm executed to the endothelium. thisis becauseof excessive blood pressure, smoking, or high cholesterol. This leadsto plague formation withinthe arteries. When bad cholesterol – also called ‘Low-Density Lipoprotein’ (LDL), encounters theendothelium thatis damaged, the cholesterol will enter the walls of the arteries.Subsequently, plague forms and grows as atherosclerosis advances, narrowing thepassage of blood flow (Beckerman, 2016). While the plague is huge enough, it maycreate a blockage, now not allowing the blood to flow at some stage in the body.
This may not only endanger the coronary heart attack, and other health issues (Beckerman,2016). Signs and symptoms of atherosclerosis do notcommonly display till middle age or older. However, because the passage ofblood flow continues to seriously narrow, it could hinder blood flow and cause pain.
It is also viable for the plague to suddenly rupture, and cause the blood toclot on the site of the rupture in an artery (Beckerman, 2016).In ischemic heart disease, the plagues inside the arteriesof the heart cause angina (chest ache). An unexpected rupture of the plague andclotting of the blood, cause heart muscle to die, this is called a heartattack.Atherosclerosis can get worse over time; however, it is preventable.Once there is a blockage, it will commonly stay for life. However, plagues couldstop or slow their growth. With vigorous treatment, they might even reduce alittle.
Lessening the threating components will slow or even stop the process. Thismeans that there is a need of change in a way of life (Beckerman, 2016). Thisincludes a healthy diet, exercise, and no smoking. These changes will noteliminate the blockages, but they have demonstrated to decrease the risks ofheart attacks. Taking medication for high cholesterol and excessive bloodpressure will slow and could even halt atherosclerosis (Beckerman, 2016). Thisis additionally one of the approaches that decrease the risks of heart attacks.
Other than medication, medical doctors could use invasive strategies to goaround or open the blockages from atherosclerosis. One method will be the angiography and stenting. A thin tubewill be inserted into an artery within the arm or the leg, permitting thedoctors to get to the affected arteries and see the blockages via an X-ray displayscreen. Blocked arteries can frequently be opened through angioplasty – catheterswith balloon tips and stenting (Beckerman, 2016). Stenting helpsto reduce the signs and symptoms of atherosclerosis, but it cannot preventfuture heart attacks (Beckerman, 2016).Another technique is – bypass surgery. Surgeons will take ahealthy blood vessel, often from the leg or chest.
They will use the healthyblood vessel to replace those which are damaged (Beckerman, 2016). Thismethod may have complications along with – kidney failure and stroke (Beckerman,2016). Therefore, it is only carried out whilst the blockage is too critical tobe managed with medication or other treatments.