BackgroundIn modern history birth control has become an issue of many litigations.
Religious groups have insisted on removing contraception from health insurance plans. Since 2010, women received birth control services without copayment under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Churches and houses of worship were exempted from contraceptive mandate. Religious hospitals, charities and universities, as well as family owned and closely held companies do not also provide contraceptive coverage for religious reasons, but have to file paperwork. Latter have this right after the craft store chain Hobby Lobby won a case in the Supreme court in 2014. Rule signed by Donald Trump this year has allowed every employer with religious or moral objections to deny birth control coverage.Critics say the rules taking out free birth control discriminate women’s rights and will deteriorate their health and professional lives.
There are already more than 120 companies, including for-profits, suing the federal government (Khazan, 2017). Even the big companies with million of dollars of revenue, such as fast food chains Chick-fil-A and In-N-Out Burger, Timberland or Forever 21, whose owners are highly religious, can ask for exemption (Nisen, 2013).The United States as a secular country in which laws separate Church from State guarantee protection of civil and private rights. In our case, employers with at least 15 employees should follow the State law and cover contraception within female workers’ insurance plans. Otherwise, they will discriminate women’s rights in workplace. The question is, as Jay Michaelson, a fellow at the Liberal Political Research Associates asked, “Catholic hospitals, Catholic charities – do they have to obey the same law as everyone else, or do they have a separate set of laws that applies only to them?” This question can be applied to currently objecting companies too. More women turned to the preventive measure under ACA (Usha Ranji, 2017).
In 2008, most women used birth control pills to prevent pregnancy (86%), more than a half of women used them to improve their health conditions (58%). Religious women also customize contraceptives: about 90% of at-risk Christians use pills (Guttmacher Statistic on Catholic Women’s Contraceptive Use, 2012). So, American women regardless of their religious beliefs have a great need in contraception.