Battle of the Alamo: The Battle for Revolutionary Texas
The Battle of the Alamo is considered to be one of the most memorable happenings in the history of Texas Revolution that spans from 1835 to 1836. The battle was against Mexico because at the onset Texas belonged to the Mexican territory in the early 1830’s. The Mexican government was the one who encouraged the Anglos to live and settle in Texas. They indeed settled in the place building their own ranches and their own houses. However, there arise some problems that highly involved the interactions between the Mexican government and the inhabitants. For instance, even when the Anglos are already part of the territory of Mexico, they still remain as a stranger in terms of Mexican laws and implementation. In other words, they do not have a say on the implementation of laws that they themselves are enslaved of (Doeden et al 4).
Most of the Texans came from the United States so that they are used to having a say in the laws and the constitution of their governments. They believed that giving up their rights would mean losing them forever. Because of this, Texans yearned to separate themselves from Mexico and form their own country and their own government and laws . The Texans, despite the overwhelming odds still rally to call for their independence. The war according to movies and books have remained to be a symbol and a proof of sacrifice, honor, and patriotism among the Texans (Leavitt 16).
In December 1835, the Texas revolution began. This sprouted as a response to the actions of the Mexican authorities to restrict the US immigration to Texas which has always been the norm for the last fifteen years. The main purpose of the revolution was to It started on September 1835 when the leader of the colonist Stephen Austin called to arms which resulted to the conflict that happened in December. The conflict lasted for the next seven months which eventually resulted into many sufferings and defeats of the Texans. These two defeats were the Alamo and the Goliad battles. However, the in the final round the Texans won over the Mexicans at the San Jacinto Battle (Stacy 32).
The plans and news of rebellion reached the Mexican authorities. In the late 1835, they sent General Cos to take care of the Texans concerns. Because it cannot be resolved through peaceful talks and pacts, the Mexicans and the Texans fought many battles as already mentioned. Immediately in the first battle that they fought, they were able to evict the Mexicans from their land. After this, they took over an old church mission called the Alamo where they can be safe because of the guarantee of the walls and the forts. However, despite the defeat of the Mexicans and the freedom of the Texans in 1835, Santa Anna, Mexico came back after a few months of defeat. Colonel William Travis sent army troops to Alamo. On one hand, Davy Crockett from Tennessee also brought with him dozens of men to find a land where they can settle when they found a battle instead of a place. Santa Anna sent more Mexican troops to San Antonio. The same as the earlier battles, the Santa Anna troops were merciless. When they received an alert that the Texans were surrendering, they began to get serious with the battle. They dug battle trenches and circle Alamo. They sieged the Alamo by firing cannonballs on the walls which weakened the defense of Alamo. This went on for three days (Doeden et al 12).
The Texans, on one hand, could no longer survive because they lacked men ever since. They have been writing a letter to seek help to the people of Texas and the Americas. They were able o find help from Sam Houston which supported and sighed the Texas declaration of Independence. There was really a scarcity of fighters on the side of the Alamo so that one letter of Travis yield only about 32 men. There came a time that there were only less than 200 men who fought on the side of the Texans. Because of this, Santa Anna decided to level up a full attack. The Texan troops decided to seek for more help but there was a danger that help is no longer available for them. Santa Anna’s cannonballs continued to bombard Alamo but the the walls of the fort remained in tact (Doeden et al 12).
The fight continued. Early in March 6, there were around 2, 000 Mexican troops who attacked. There were more attacks until they finally pass through the Texans defenses. Their leaders were the first casualties that were noted during the duration of the battle. For instance, Davy Crockett was considered to be national folk hero in the Battle of Alamo. Crockett and his troops defended a palisade that was erected to breach the gap of the church and the barracks of the walls of Alamo. They maintain their positions in the palisades until their respective deaths. Crockett’s death, for instance, has been portrayed and represented in popular culture as very heroic. It is told that he died in the midst of thick Mexican troops using a flintlock rifle until he was being cut down by bayonets. Both the Texans and the Americans were forced back. At around 8 in the morning, research tells us that all the Texan defenders were dead. As a matter of fact, it is believed that there were no defenders left except for a few women and children that were left in the fort that the Mexican troops were kind enough to let go (The Alamo: 13 Days of Glory
Even when the fight in Alamo lead to a tragic loss of the Texan defenders and territory. It only serve as a delay and not a hindrance for the Texans to form a revolutionary government and draft a constitution on their own to free themselves from the Mexican government. The defenders sacrificed their own lives to hold the fort safe from the intruders. They fought until death. This undoubted bravery of the Texan troops inspired Texas to victory six weeks later in a remarkable battle in San Jacinto. They remain brave and patriotic and this is the reason why they were able to stand their ground for a long time despite the lack of troops. The San Jacinto triumph owed their victory to the Battle of Alamo which is expressed in their battle cry “Remember the Alamo” (Stacy 33).
Doeden, Matt, Barnet, Charles, and Miller, Phil. The Battle of the Alamo. USA:
Leavitt, Amie Jane. The Battle of the Alamo: An Interactive History Adventure. USA:
Stacy, Lee. Mexico and the United States. USA: Marshall Cavendish, 2002.
–. “The Alamo: 13 Days of Glory”. Historynet.com. July 5, 2009. ;http://www.historynet.com/the-alamo-13-days-of-glory.htm/5;