British Cuisine 2008-01-16 08:16:12. 0 Although there is ample evidence of a rich and varied approach to cuisine during earlier historical periods (particularly so amongst wealthy citizens), during much of the 19th and 20th century Britain had a reputation for somewhat conservative cuisine.
The stereotype of the native cuisine was of a diet progressing little beyond stodgy meals consisting of “meat and two veg”. Even today, in more conservative areas of the country, “meat and veg” cuisine is still the favoured choice at the dinner table.Traditional British fare usually includes dishes such as fish and chips ; roast dishes of beef, lamb, chicken and pork; both sweet and savoury pies and puddings, as well as regional dishes such as the Cornish pasty and Lancashire Hotpot . This process of increased variety and experimentation in food inevitably dovetailed with the very profound impact that the post-war influx of immigrants to the UK (many from Britain ‘s former colonies in the Caribbean and Indian sub-continent) had on the national cuisine.
The new communities introduced new and exotic dishes and ingredients to the British repertoire and national consciousness. In some instances, British tastes fused with the new dishes to produce entirely new dishes such as the Balti , an English invention based on Indian cuisine that has since gained popularity across the world. Many of these new dishes have since become deeply embedded in the native culture, culminating in a speech in 2001 by Foreign Secretary, Robin Cook , in which he described Chicken Tikka Masala as ‘a true British national dish.
Food of England has traditionally been based on pork, beef, lamb, chicken and fish and generally served with potatoes and one other vegetable. The most common and typical foods eaten in Britain include the sandwich, fish and chips, pies like the Cornish pasty, trifle and roasts dinners. Some of the main dishes that comprises of the Food of England have strange names like Bubble & Squeak and Toad-in-the-Hole. The staple Food of England includes meat, fish, potatoes, flour, butter and eggs.
Many of the cuisines in England include preparations made by using these food items.Food of England also influences the culture of England to a great extent. Since 1950, the people of England have eaten less of red meat, more poultry, and about the same amount of fish, which comes under white meat category.
This keeps the consumption of fats down and that of alternatives such as margarine up. England food favors the fresh fruits, while vegetables are strictly ruled out and the focus is only on salad vegetables. The main meal, known as supper is now eaten in the evening and is likely to consist of ready-made or frozen food. A lump sum amount of food in England is prepared and served in the restaurant.So if you want to taste English Food then hop into any of the eateries in town. In addition to eating out in inns, pubs, and restaurants, people consume fast food available in the streets.
Nowadays you can expect the restaurants to serve you a wide variety of foreign cuisine, ranging from Chinese and Indian to French and Italian. There are few food-related taboos in England. Some of the English avoid some foods for so-called hygienic reasons, such as onions and leeks, which can cause bad breath. There are also some types of foods that are considered uncivilized.Traditionally, the people of England have never eaten horses, dogs and other carnivores or insects. Slowly, the eating of meat is looked on as uncivilized. As part of the shift away from meat toward fruit, vegetables, and fish, people have become more distanced from the production of the meat they eat and less willing to eat as wide a variety of meats. If you want to survey on the kind of food eaten in England, then visiting the various parties and events in England are the best way to find out.
Besides the cakes made on birthdays, few special type of food are eaten on major occasions.Some people have the habit of eating pancakes on Shrove Tuesday, which is both a secular and a religious occasion Britain ‘s royal heritage The history of British royalty is a long and captivating story of marriage, murder, patriotism, war, love, passion and unity. Today, you can still hear the echoes of these stories ringing round the towers and turrets of our majestic castles, and from the frontiers to the battlefields our fearless heroes. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II is not only our Queen and Head of State, but is also an important symbol of national unity.
Up until 1603 however, the English and Scottish crowns were two completely independent monarchies – although there were a number of marriages between the two royal houses. The first king of Great Britain Sovereignty was handed down through generations. When it changed hands from one monarch to another, it was usually the result of a bloody takeover. In 1603 Elizabeth I (the Virgin Queen) died leaving no successor. This made way for James VI, King of Scots (son of Mary, Queen of Scots), to succeed as James I, King of England, effectively making him the first sovereign of the United Kingdom. World Heritage Sites in England pic] Blenheim Palace – Oxfordshire The birthplace of Winston Churchill, Blenheim Palace near Oxford is a perfectly preserved 18th-century residence set in a 2,100-acre park landscaped by ‘Capability’ Brown. Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine’s Abbey, and St Martin’s Church – Kent Canterbury has been a key location for the Church of England for nearly five centuries and many important religious buildings and monuments can be found in the area.
City of Bath – Avon Bath’s importance to world heritage focuses on its remarkably well-preserved Roman remains and baths, which blend seamlessly with elegant 18th-century architecture.Durham Castle and Cathedral – Durham Durham Cathedral dates back to the 11th-century and is the largest Norman construction in England. Durham Castle is also a fine example of Norman architecture. Frontiers of the Roman Empire The site consists of sections of the Roman border, including Hadrian’s Wall, dating back to 2 AD when the Roman Empire had reached its furthest position into British territory. Ironbridge Gorge – Shropshire Ironbridge Gorge bridge is the world’s first bridge constructed of iron and significantly influenced developments in technology, engineering and architecture.
City of Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City During 18th and 19th centuries Liverpool became one of the world’s key trading centres pioneering the development of modern dock technology and port management. Maritime Greenwich – London The complex of royal buildings and parkland at Greenwich symbolises English artistic and scientific endeavour of the 17th and 18th centuries. Royal Botanical Gardens – Kew, London Kew Gardens has made continual contributions to botanical and environmental science since 1759 helping conserve unique collections of plants from all over the world.
Saltaire – West YorkshireCrucial to British industrial heritage, the village of Saltaire (built by Sir Titus Salt in 1876) still remains in its original form and continues to be inhabited by city workers. Stonehenge , Avebury & Associated Sites – Wiltshire Some of the most important prehistoric monuments in the world, including the largest stone circle in Europe, can be found at Stonehenge and Avebury in Wiltshire. Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey – North Yorkshire Studley Royal Park in Ripon presents a stunning landscape created around the ruins of the Cistercian Fountains Abbey and the remarkable neo-Gothic castle.
Tower of London Built on the Thames by William the Conqueror, the is a magnificent example of Norman military architecture that has become a symbol of the nation. Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret’s Church – London This collection of important historical sites in London includes Westminster Abbey, which has been the crowning place of our sovereigns since the 11th century. Dorset and East Devon Coast The cliff exposures along the Dorset and East Devon coast provide invaluable information concerning 185 million years of the earth’s geographical and natural history. World Heritage Sites in ScotlandHeart of Neolithic Orkney The group of Neolithic monuments on Orkney – including burial sites, tombs and stone circles – dates back to 3000-2000 BC and gives a remarkable depiction of prehistoric culture. New Lanark Not far from Glasgow, New Lanark (www. newlanark.
org) is a small 18th-century village where the philanthropist and utopian idealist Robert Owen created a model industrial community. Old and New Towns of Edinburgh The centre of Edinburgh represents a remarkable blend of two urban phenomena – the organic medieval Old Town and the neo-classical town planning of the New Town. St KildaThe archipelago of St Kilda (www. kilda. org.
uk), the remotest part of the British Isles, is recognised for its exceptional natural beauty and for the significant natural habitats it supports. World Heritage Sites in Wales Blaenavon Industrial Landscape The Blaenavon area near Abergavenny (www. abergavenny. co.
uk) has been moulded by the coal and iron industries and demonstrates the importance of South Wales in the world’s production of coal and iron in the 19th century. Its carefully preserved ironworks, built in 1789, provide a remarkable insight into the social and economical developments of the time.Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd The extremely well-preserved castles of Beaumaris and Harlech, and military fortifications of Caernarfon and Conwy, were mainly built by King Edward I in the 13th century and visibly demonstrate the methods used by the English between 1272-1307 to colonise North Wales and suppress Welsh independence. World Heritage Sites in Northern Ireland The Giant’s Causeway The Giant’s Causeway lies on the rugged Antrim coastline. Legend has it, this strange landscape, made up of some 40,000 massive black basalt columns sticking out of the sea, was the work of a giant.One story says; the giant fell in love on the Scottish island of Staffa and built this colossal pathway to bring his beloved home to Ireland. Extraordinary formations The Giant’s Causeway has been studied by geologists for over 300 years making a significant contribution to the development of the earth sciences.
Slightly less romantic than the ‘giant-in-love’ theory, studies have shown that these extraordinary formations were caused by volcanic activity some 50–60 million years ago