ABSTRACT:Thepresent clinical case study deals with the burns in graded murrah buffaloes dueto fire accident presented to the veterinary dispensary for treatment. Severe burns on the body showing 40-50% burns which involvingthe epidermis and dermis of the skin. These animals were treatedsuccessfully by correction of dehydration and electrolytic loss without anycomplications. Only few case reports are available regarding the successfulmanagement of burns in large animals .Keywords: Burns, Gradedmurrah buffaloes.

INTRODUCTION:Burns are not common in animalsmainly occurred due to accidents. The burns are various based on their sourceof origin like fire, electricity and some chemicals.  The burns are classified into three typesbased on the involvement of the different layers of the skin. The burns inanimals by fire or heat are more than other sources (Yadav et al 2010 and sandhyaet al 2016).

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Mostly the animals which are in farm with stall fed are mainlyinvolved in fire accidents. The major source of the fire accident is the thatchedhouses and the paddy straw heaps near the animal house (Devi Prasad et al 2017).The present clinical case study deals with the fireaccident of 6 graded murrah animals accidently burnt.

 HISTORY:Sixgraded murrah buffaloes caught fire shelter which is made with coconut leavesand grass and other thatched material.these animals are brought to theveterinary dispensary 1 hour after accident.1.

Veterinary Assistant Surgeon , VeterinaryDispensary, Atkur  village, AndhraPradesh ,India, 2.Veterinary Assistant Surgeon , Veterinary Dispensary, Gandepallivillage Andhra Pradesh ,India, 3.Assistant professor ,Department of VeterinaryAnatomy,NTRCVSc,Gannavaram. Out of six animal’s one animal gotmore than 90% fire exposure, two other animals and one calf of 6 month werealso got severe injuries with 40% of burns,  while other two were slightly exposed withminor injuries. Theanimal with 90% skin was completely burnt off; the head and thoracic portionswere exposed to fire which results in severe burns on head and thoracicportions involving the epidermis and dermis. The both eyes were completelyexposed to fire result in the loss of vision. Ear pinna was completely charredoff.

The remaining animals with 40% burns also involved with second degree byinvolving the epidermis and dermis but the extent was less compared to theabove animal. On the clinical examination all the animals were reported to bewith slightly raised body temperature, the pulse rate also increased and allanimals were observed to be anxiety and tensed.  The body temperatures were recorded as 104-105F. The major burns are observed on face, croup, and back regions (Fig: 1). theother portions of the body were injured at less extent.

The other generalclinical symptoms like congested mucus membrane, charred eye lashes and hairover ear pinna, dry skin were observed. The 1st and 2nddegree burn clinical signs observed were in similar with the clinical signsreported by venugopalan (2005), Yadav (2010), kavitha (2011), choudary 2011.TREATMENT ANDDISCUSSION:All the animals were advised toprovide with comfortable bedding and treatment was started immediately. Thebetter results of burns treatment were successful with correction of body fluidbalance by restoration of ionic balance, reduction of hypovolemia along withthe prevention of secondary bacterial infections.  A multi-dimensional treatment was adopted totreat these animals similar to sandhya et al 2016, sagar et al 2010.   To restore the ionic balance we used inj.

haemacal(450ml) and to restore hypervolemia Dextrose normal saline and Ringer’s lactatewere infused each @ 45ml/kg body weight. Inorder to prevent the bacterialinfection streptopencillin (Dicrysticin-S 5g) and inj ciprofloxacin@ and injmetronidazole@ were used. The streptopencillin was given intra muscularly for sevendays B.I.

D while the ciprofloxacin and metronidazole were given intravenouslyfor 5 days. In the supporting treatment inj. Tribivet@ 10ml for animal 5ml incalf was used.

to releave shock inj dexamethasone@4mg was givenin slowi.v.  inj. Pheneraminemaleate was givesantihistamine 10-15ml/animal, inj. [email protected]/kgbwt was used as anti-inflammatory drug. The lesions were cleaned with pp lotion1:10000 dilution; the severely affected portions were applied with silverexointment, while remaining portion were applied with povidine iodine. Topicurewas used to prevent the maggot infection.

 The treatment was carried for three weeks while results in the restorednormal condition in 3 animals, but one animal with severe burns of 90% bodyinvolvement was died 2nd day of accident. The burns in animals weremost uncommon, tmostly the fire is the main cause in the burns in animals (Yadavet al., 2010 and Sandhya et al., 2016).

The treatment was adopted in multidirectional as of which involves restoration of electrolyte loss, prevention ofbacterial infection and brings the animal to normal condition (grieser andwalker 1984). The multi-dimensional treatment was giving good results, similarresults were also reported by deviprasd etl, 2017 and sandhya et al 2016.                                                     Fig:1 she buffalowith burn on the body                                                Burns on face                                                                             recovery post treatmentREFERENCES:Chaudhary PS, JP varney and VV deshmukh,2011. Emergency and critical care of Thermal Burns in Bovines. Intas Polivet,12: 172-179Geiser DR and RD walker, 1984.Management of Thermal injuries in large animals. Vet Clin North Am Large AnimPrac, 6: 91-105.Kavitha, G.

, Shivaprakash, G. and Ravindra,R.R.

, 2011. First and Second Degree Burns in 21 Animals due to Accidental fireand their Therapeutic and Critical care management. Intas Polivet, 12(2):180-182.Sagar, P.V, Rajesh, K.

, Kavitha L andSuresh, K. 2010. clinical management of second degree burns ina she buffalo: acase report. Buffalo Bulletin 29 (1): 65-68Sandhya, M., 2016.

Clinico-therapeuticmanagement of 10 and 20 burns in cattle and buffaloes. Int J of Vet Sci 5(4):302-303.Venrgonplan, 2005. Essentials ofveterinary Surgery. 7th edn. Oxford and IBM publishing Co Pvt Ltd, pp:70.

Yadav, G.V., Pitalawar, S.S, Chowdhary,K.S and Masare, P.S.

, 2010. Management of burns in bovine: a clinical study,11: 52-53.