Camillo Benso: Count of Cavour

Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count of Cavour, Isolabella and Leri, or Cavour, was an Italian Statesman and a rising figurein the movement towards the Unification of Italy. He was one of the figures inthe Historical Right, and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia on 1860. Hewas born on August 10, 1810, in Turin, French Empire and died on June 6, 1861,in Turin, Kingdom of Italy, only three months after he was elected in office.At the age of 22, he was a military officer and made trips to Europe to learnmore about the effects of the Industrial Revolution. From 1832 to 1861, he wasin power for 29 years, after dying of illness.Afterfour years in Europe, he returned to Piedmont. He took administration ofagriculture and the economy.

Cavour interested himself towards politics,practical agriculture and foreign travel. He took notice of the July revolutionin 1830 in France, which was followed by the French monarchy adopting a liberaland constitutional phase under the rule of King Louis Phillipe. Cavour foundedII Risorgimento or “Resurrection”, which was a movement designated to unifyItaly.

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The policy of the newspaper with this name was to persuade Italianrulers to collaborate in the elimination of Austria and the revolutions in theItalian states, that Cavour didn’t take part in, proves that kicking Austriansout wouldn’t be possible without foreign help. The revolutions in the Italianstates were planned out revolts that were led by intellectuals and agitators inSicily and in the Italian peninsula, which fought for a liberal government.During this time, Italy was a unified country. These revolutions were fought todrive out Austrians, to become free from the conservative leadership of theAustrians and of foreign rule. The revolution started from Piedmont, which wasone of four states where the Austrian leaders, Metternich, Ferdinand I ofAustria, and Franz Joseph of Austria, to pass rights.

These revolts later flewto the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia, which forced Austrian General Radetzky toretreat to the Quadrilateral fortresses, which were fortresses, Pschinera,Mantua, Legnago, and Verona, that appear as verticles of a quadrilateral.Later, On March 23, 1848, in an article of the Risorgmento, Cavour called KingLouis-Phillipe to join the crusade, arguing that the hour for the Piedmont monarchyhad arrived. Cavour was disappointed by his country’s military defeat atCustoza, Lombardy-Venetia, against the armies of the Austrian Empire.Cavourwarned those against resuming the war without French assistance, but his wordsweren’t obey.  The defeats at the Battleof Novara on March 23 and the abdication of Carlo Alberto in replace for hisson, Vittorio Emanuele, to take over, follows the reopening of the war on March20, 1849.