vehicles includes motorcycles that have
no CO2 emissions and can travel at least 50km between charges. The grant considered for
the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for these vehicles, up to a
maximum of GBP 1,500. This category of vehicles includes BMW C evolution,
Energica Ego, Energica Eva, Scutum Silence S02, Torrot Muvi, Vmoto 100, Vmoto
120, and Zero Motorcycles (all models).
vehicles includes mopeds that have no CO2 emissions and can travel at least 30km
between charges. The grant considered for the motorcycles covers 20% of
the purchase price for these vehicles, up to a maximum of GBP 1,500. This
category of vehicles includes Torrot Muvi City, UGBEST
e-City, and Vmoto Super Soco TS1200R. Category 5 vehicles includes vans that have CO2 emissions of less
than 75g/km and can travel at least 16km without any CO2 emissions. The
grant considered for the motorcycles covers 20% of the purchase price for these
vehicles, up to a maximum of GBP 8,000.
The government also provides tax incentives in the form of reduced taxation for
company cars. Government also plans to spend
more than GBP 600 million in the period of 2015-20 to support ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) manufacturing and
adoption with the objective of 100% new ZEV sales by 2040. There are also incentives in the forms of free
parking and access to bus lanes 19.
Infrastructure Grants Scheme funds projects via two streams 43:
• Stream 1 (Upgrades): In this stream, up to 100% of the eligible costs for 6-8 HRSs is
provided to upgrade those HRSs from demonstration projects to commercial HRSs.
The budget for this stream is about GBP 2 million.
• Stream 2
(New stations): in this stream, up to 60% of eligible costs is provided for 4-7 HRSs with a budget of about
GBP 3.5 million. The applicant has to match the remaining cost from other
The UK government also provides incentives for
development of three types of EV charging facilities as explained in the
Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme (EVHS): This scheme provides funding for the installation
of charging points at houses all over the UK. The funding covers up to 75% of
the cost of installing and is capped at GBP 500. 45 46.
Charging Scheme (WCS): Capped at GBP 300 for each socket, this program provides
subsidies upfront cost for the installation of EV charging points with a limit
of 20 charging points across all sites for each application 47
Residential Chargepoint Scheme (ORCS): Local authorities using this funding scheme
can benefit from 75% subsidy for the cost of installing a charging point and a
specific parking space of an on-street residential chargepoints.
7,500 is the maximum amount of funding per charging point that Office
for Low Emission Vehicles provides 48.
18 shows the number of charging points in the UK from 2012 to 2016.
Table 18. Number of charging
points in the UK (2012-2016) 19
Publicly accessible slow chargers 1
Publicly accessible fast charger s2
As of March
2017, there are currently 13 operational hydrogen
refueling stations in the UK, while some are
reserved for University or research purposes 49.
Two types of FCVs is available for purchase in the UK (Hyundai ix35 FCV and Toyota Mirai). Toyota UK said that 28 Mirai vehicles had been registered in the country as of March
2017 since its launch in 2016 49. Table 19 shows BEV and PHEV stock in the UK from 2012
Table 19. BEV and PHEV
stock in the UK (2012-2016) 19
Number of BEVs and PHEVs (thousands)
5.59 (82% BEV, 18% PHEV)
9.34 (78% BEV, 22% PHEV)
24.08 (58% BEV, 42% PHEV)
48.51 (43% BEV, 578% PHEV)
86.42(36% BEV, 74% PHEV)
cumulative sales target by 2020 is 0.5 million vehicles 22.
The UK has no target for the number of
FCVs sold 50.
alongside Denmark are the two countries in the world with the highest new car
purchase taxes 9. Generally,
incentives in Norway for supporting the deployment of EVs is stronger
than incentives in countries such as France, Japan,
and the USA 9 which led to Norway
having the highest electric car penetration among all countries 19.
FCV purchases in
Norway are exempt from purchase tax (which
can be as high as 100 % for petrol cars) and also Zero value added tax (25 %) 51.
FCV owners can also enjoy low annual road-tax (10 % of normal), free public
parking, access to bus / taxi-lanes and free passing through toll-roads 51.
The same incentives are also available for BEVs 19.
However, the Government and regional politicians have started to reduce the
benefits for BEVs and warned that these
supports would be gradually phased out 51.
Development of HRSs in Norway has benefited from government support. The HyNor
project in Norway was a joint industry initiative to demonstrate the real-life
implementation of a hydrogen energy infrastructure across Norway 52. This
project was a public-private partnership 53. Norway
also provides public funding for deployment of fast-charging stations every 50
km (on average) on main roads and at the same time contributes to deployment
incentives for public chargers 19.
As of October 2017, there are 6 HRSs in Norway 54. Table
20 shows the number of accessible slow and fast
chargers in Norway.
Table 20. Number of accessible
chargers in Norway 19
Publicly accessible slow chargers
Slow chargers include AC Level 2 chargers (> 3.7 kW and ? 22 kW) 19
Fast chargers include AC 43 kW chargers, DC chargers, Tesla Superchargers and
inductive chargers 19