The signs in which you may be able to spot this is if a person becomes out of character and doesn’t want to be touched for example if they were always a loving person and now oesn’t want to be touched. They also may have bruising which is unexplained. Sexual – This is when a person is forced or persuaded to carry out sexual behaviour. For an elderly person without mental capacity any form of sexual contact would be abuse as they are not always able to make decisions that would best suit their needs.
If this was to be happening to a person you may be able to see possible signs such as changes in appearance, using bad language or not wanting to be touched. Emotional/psychological – This form of abuse can also be known as mental abuse. This is caused when a person is exposed to behaviour that may cause depression or anxiety. This could be things such as name calling or lying in order to cause emotional damage. If you were to speak to a person with aggression in you tone of voice or to shout, this is also a form of emotional abuse.
You may be able to notice this is a person becomes withdrawn or if they become too eager to do things they are asked. Financial ” This can in some cases be very subtle, for example telling your partner what they should buy or persuading them to purchase things they may not actually want or need. In other cases it is as straight forward as stealing. Weather you are a relative or a care worker or friend, if you are to take money or assets from a person without their knowledge, you are financially abusing. Putting pressure on a person about their will or inheritance is also abuse.
You are able to spot signs of this form of abuse if a person suddenly runs low on funds or if they become protective over their money or things they own. Institutional – This form of abuse is caused when a person is living in a building where they should be receiving care but they don’t actually receive it. You may be able to notice signs of this if there is no care plan for the person receiving the care, if the person receiving the care is in and out of hospital often. Self Neglect – This is when an adult who would be able to provide care for him/herself does not attend to their basic needs.
It is a behaviour condition which could be caused by Dementia or mental illness. They may not look after their personal hygiene, wear suitable clothing to stay warm, take medication prescribed by the doctor or eat/drink the sufficient amount. You would be able to see signs of this if a person was wearing unsuitable clothing, if they ppeared to be unclean or under nourished. The living conditions in which they lived in would also be a factor. For example the person self-neglecting may have no cooker or microwave, or the home in which they live may always be cold (no heating or ill fitted windows).
All these factors would lead to the person not being able to provide him/herself with the basic care needs. Neglect by others ” This is when a person is allocated time and money to be looked after and have their needs provided for them. For example they may have a care worker come to their home to provide food and drink at meal imes or look after their hygiene. If the care worker was not to attend, this would be a form of neglect as the person would not be getting the care needed.
A member of family may choose to take care of this person but fail to provide them with the correct clothing (size/warmth) this would be a form of neglect cased but another person. You may be able to see signs of this is a person was to have bed Sores which Were not being attended to, or if the living conditions are unsuitable (no running water, heating). Aiii – If were to suspect abuse: If felt someone was being abused and I felt this person was able to have nough mental capacity to give me more information, I would talk to the person and try to find out what it is that had been happening.
I would start by assuring this person that was there to help and would cause them no further upset. In this case or in the case that the person I was trying to help had lack of mental capacity, would speak to my manager and pass on the reasons I had for making the accusation. Once I had done this would hope that my manager would deal with this accordingly, but if I felt what Information I had passed on had not been taken seriously or even been ooked into, I would contact the person’s social worker or someone in Human Resource.
I would also take this route if I felt it was my manager who was the abuser. Aiv ” If I was told by a person they were being abused: Listening to what the person has to say would be the key part in this scenario. Asking what happening and gathering together the evidence. Depending again on who it was that the person felt they were being abused by would determine my next step. If the person abusing someone was a member of their family or one of my colleagues if I was working within the care industry I would take the complaint to my manager.
However if the complaint was about my manager or it was not been dealt with the sufficiently, again I would contact the person’s social worker or someone in Human Resource. Av – safe keeping of evidence against the abuser: Once you have collected all Of the evidence you think possible such as your written report on your account of what you believe happened or is happening and how you came to realise this and body maps if this will help. Pass these on to the Manager if this was the next person you informed about the incident as long as they were not the suspected abuser. I believe then the
Manager would do with it what necessary by showing it to the correct people but when necessary keep it locked away to prevent the person being accused or abuse from coming into contact with it. Avi – identify national policies that set out requirements for safeguarding individuals: Safeguarding vulnerable groups act 2006. The vetting and barring scheme ran by the Independent Safeguarding Association (ISA) Criminal Records Bureau (CRB checks) Human Rights Act 1998 Avii – identify the local and organisational systems for safeguarding: Safeguarding Adults Boards Safeguarding policies and procedures for vulnerable adults
Aviii – Explain the roles of different agencies and professionals that are involved in safeguarding individuals: Care Quality Commission (CQC) – these are used to monitor and provide guidance on what all health and social care providers must do to safeguard vulnerable adults from abuse such as the safeguarding policies, procedures and systems developed are in place to prevent vulnerable adults from being abused. The Police – their role is to safeguard vulnerable adults, investigate all reports of vulnerable adult abuse and protect and uphold the rights of vulnerable adults. Safeguarding Adults
Boards – these bring together a number of different local agencies that work with vulnerable adults to share information and monitor their work i. e. local agencies like the police, MIND, housing teams, advocacy groups. Aix – Identify sources of advice, support and information to help social care workers understating their own role in safeguarding: Local authority Adult Services Department like Social Services My manager, colleagues My companys policies and procedures on safeguarding The internet Care Quality Commission Independent Safeguarding Authority Books Training and advice from training centres.
Task B Identify two reports on serious failures to protect individuals from abuse: BBC Panorama investigated Winterbourne View Hospital which was owned by Castleback Care Ltd and was broadcasted on in 201 1 . Prior to this the local social services and CQC had received various warnings about the lack of care and the service Uses being mistreated by the staff but allegedly the complaints were not dealt With accordingly. The BBC had then captured video evidence of residents at this hospital being pinned down, slapped, showered whilst fully clothed, and teased by numerous members off staff.
It had been reported ‘The abuse was so bad that one patient, who had tried to jump out of a second floor window, was then mocked by staff members. ‘ source: http:/ /www. bbc. co. uk/news/uk-england-bristol-20084254 Since the showing of this documentary, Eleven care workers were sentenced after admitting 38 charges of neglect and abuse. Six were jailed for between two years and six months, while the others received suspended sentences.
On the link provided above found that nurse named Terry Bryan’ had gone to CQC with complaints, and this websites states The CQC said it was a “misjudgement” hat Mr Bryan’s concerns had not been investigated. There has been a report when a social worker named Julie Hayden had placed Two or more service users at risk of financial abuse by not following the correct procedure that would have been given to her in training. Hayden was first told on 22 February 201 1 that a carer had stolen E40 from a service user.
Under HounsloWs safeguarding procedures she would have been obliged to contact the police for this to be investigated, providing them with incident reporting forms. This should have been done within 24 hours. Hayden waited ntil 1 March to submit the correct forms. Her team manager at the time, Elleke Carling, told the HCPC panel that there was nothing in the case notes to suggest Hayden had reported the incident to the police within 24 hours, nor had she completed a protection plan or referred the case to the Independent Safeguarding Authority.
The panel also heard of a separate incident in July 201 1, in which Hayden failed to report several allegations of missing money to the police or submit the appropriate forms. Task C Ci ” explain what a social care worker must do if they become aware of nsafe practice: If I identify unsafe practices then I must follow the whistle- blowing procedure and report to the appropriate people. would start by reporting to my manager immediately or if it involves my manager then to another appropriate person.
I would monitor all unsafe practices and make sure that I record and report in full all the evidence and then would talk to my manager about my findings and explain why I feel it would cause harm to a service user. There are many things which would be dangerous or classed as unsafe but not intentional. For example, if I were to come across people eaving objects such as wheelchairs in the corridors, I would speak to my manager and ask her to inform staff to not do this as it may cause a resident to trip and fall or prevent fire doors closing correctly in the event of a fire.
Cii – If unsafe practice is being reported but nothing is done to correct it: If I was aware that unsafe practice or abuse had been reported and nothing had been done to make correct it, would speak to my manager myself. If felt my management was involved of not doing what they should be to correct the situation, would then take this to a higher person such as my service irector. Further from this I would then go to social workers and the safeguarding team, or the care quality commission, possibly even to the police depending on the complaint and the response if any.
Ciii – describe three factors that may make individuals more vulnerable to abuse than others: If a person were to need full time help due to Dementia, they may have a member of family live with them. This would increase the chance of abuse as the member of family may become stressed and resentment if they begin to feel as if they are unable to cope. This is even more likely if the carer as not dealt with this illness before and may not have the correct training or support.
If a person were to live alone in later life and have no family or friends, they will be more vulnerable to abuse than others as there may come a point when they self-neglect. This could be by either not being able to walk to the kitchen or bathroom. A person with learning disabilities may lash out and hit carers, this could make them more vulnerable to abuse as the carer or even family members/friends may try to protect themselves but without training and cause harm to the person with the learning disability by estraining them in the wrong way. This could cause harm to both parties.
Civ – explain how having a person centred approach could help reduce the likelihood of abuse: Person-centred values include the individuality of the person, the rights of the individual, the individual’s choice, the individual’s privacy, the individual’s independence, the individual’s dignity and the individual being respected If person centred values are taken into consideration when supporting an individual there is less likely to be abuse as the person being cared for will be able to have input into their care and will e happy with the result.
If the person being cared for is happy with the result they are less likely to get stressed without leading you to be less stressed. By this I mean, if were dealing with a resident in a care home, would ask them what clothes they would like to put on. This is giving the resident the freedom of choice and individuality. If I were to choose the clothes myself may not want this resident to ware tights as it is too time consuming however the lady being cared for may not have ever worn a skirt without tights. This would leave the resident annoyed and more likely to be upset with staff which could ead to a member of staff loosing their patients.
Cv – explain how encouraging and promoting active participation can reduce the likelihood of abuse: Active participation is a way of working that recognises an individual’s right to participate in the activities and relationships of everyday life as independently as possible. The individual is regarded as an active partner in their own care or support, rather than a passive recipient. By carrying this out you are supporting the service user to do what they would do in the previous years rather than doing things for them and doing it wrong. This is about learning how your service user likes things and not how you think they may like things.
For example if I were to work in a care home, may speak to family members to find out what foods it is they liked and how they prefer it to be cooked. Some people may like scrambled eggs on a breakfast, some may like poached. By giving the service user what they like you are encouraging good behaviour which is then going to prevent members of staff getting stressed. Cvi – explain how an effective and easy to use complaints procedure may reduce the likelihood of abuse: The complaints procedure ives the complainant the right to be heard and supported to make their views known.
An accessible complaints procedure is understandable and easy to use. It sets out clearly how to make a complaint, the steps that will be taken when the complaint is looked into. It also provides flexibility in relation to target response times. An accessible complaints procedure resolves complaints more quickly as the complainant feels that they are being listened to and their complaint taken seriously. This sets up an open culture of making sure that abuse will not be tolerated in any form and encourages the complainant to not accept this.