Statutory sector is where the government funds to provide education and care for children; this would be like most schools in my area. Flax Bourton Primary and Backwell juniors are funded by the government to educate and care for young children. Voluntary sector is the individual volunteer which fund by raising money for the cause they are representing; also this is where volunteers help with their free time to help educate children. Such as a Youth club, an older child can volunteer to help the adult to watch the younger youths hang or play.
Another example would be volunteering with men-cap or disabled children, such as the work I do, I volunteer my own time to educate and have fun with younger or older children than myself. A Private sector would be a private school funded through fees and run as a business. An example of this would be the Downs School, which is a private boarding school. Other examples would be other private schools. The private sector is that part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the state.
These are things like workforces. The voluntary sector or community sector (non-profit) is the base of social activity undertaken by organizations that are not for profit and non-governmental. This focuses on environment, education and social services. The statutory sector involves all the organisations that are set up, controlled and funded by the government, for example public school and NHS hospitals. E2. Statutory sector supports children and families by educating the children to his or her precise expertise. It also gives advice to parents, so together the teachers and parents can build the child’s life as he/she grows.
The voluntary sector is very similar but with the help from volunteers. This is also instructed by the government, but it has more free rein. Voluntary work has two main head and is followed out by each individual worker. From this you can hire volunteers and allow them to bond with other children like them but with a disability, my referral to this is the volunteering I do with men-cap children. You start as a volunteer and work your way up. It’s funded by us volunteers as without us there wouldn’t be a summer holiday play scheme for disabled or autistic children.
Private sectors are funded through fees and run as a simple business; Private schools are funded through fees from parents paying for their children to get a good education in a private or boarding school. This supports the families as they know that the care by adults will improve their children. This is then used to also support the children as any which need extra special help can get the facilities they need to be educated. E3. Legislation is the basic rights and needs of an individual child, such as ‘Maslow’s triangle’ which is a child’s Physiological need to their self-actualisation needs.
There are many different legislations, such as; ‘Human Rights Act 1998’, ‘Children’s Act 1989 and also 2004’, ‘Equality Act 2010’, ‘Health and Safety at work’, ‘Childcare Act 2006’ and also the ‘United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989’ short for (UNCRC) The one which is the most important is the ‘UNCRC 1989’; this reinforces the importance of human dignity, seeks respect for children, highlights the importance of a family’s role in their children’s lives and endorses non-discrimination. This is made up of many articles. E4.
Principles and values that are underpinned working with children can be identified by the ‘EYFS’, the CASHE Statement of Values, the Foundation Framework for Children Learning for 3 to 7 year-olds in Wales. The principle for EYFS are; A unique Child, Positive Relationships, Enabling Environments, Learning and Development. Each subheading has a separate principle. A Unique child: Every child is a competent learner from birth who can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured. Positive Relationships: Children learn to be strong and independent from a base of loving and secure relationships with parents and/or a key person.
Enabling Environments: The environment play is a key role in supporting and extending children’s development and learning. Learning and Development: Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates and all areas of Learning and Development are equally important and interconnected. These are shown by the EYFS, also it is said that these are all set to support practitioners. These are the main principles and values. E5. In a setting respecting and valuing a child, like in any other situation, is very important. As each child is different and has different needs for heir development. Disabled children will need more attention than normal developed children. Meeting the need for the child doesn’t just help them but it also helps the parents and their families. Valuing a child gives them reason to be loved and respected just like an adult but in different ways. That means realizing that each individual has their weaknesses and strengths and that some need a bit more attention than others to understand certain concepts. E6. Working with children you would need basic skills, there are many to name so I will focus on three main subjects.
Firstly I would think that a professional would need to be energetic and active this is because working with children is quite difficult as they are away on their feet and running around. Secondly I would think you would need to be confident, this would be because having confidence will make the children happier and may even boost their own confidence. Being confident in something will get rid of any stress as you know what you’re doing, this also make the children relaxed as you can pass on the confidence to them.
Lastly I think you would have to be an effective member of a team, I think this is important because being a team member, you can work well with all the staff there, this would make it easier for you to work with the children as if you need to ask question the other staff members can help you. E7. Having a variety of study skills can help you learn easier, than just anything normal, for me I find it easier to zone out listening to music, and concentrating on the task that is set, I also find it easier to take notes and also research the topic which is set.
Taking Notes will help with the extra pieces of detail and also keep me on the right track of explaining what is to be said in the unit or assignment which is set. Researching into the topic will allow me to write more depth into the topic I am concentrating on, with this I can write more with explanations and references to show my information and allow it to have an importance, and also help me in theoretical and practical elements. This also can add to my experiences. E8. “The Effect of music listening on work performance. ” (Lesiuk, Teresa. ) Psychology of Music. Vol. 3, No. 2, 173-191 (2005). “Music has been found to have profound effect on the brain” (Meg Rebholz et al) 10/21/05. [Section: McCollum] . “The Effects of Different Types of Music on Mood, Tension, and Mental Clarity. ” (McCraty, Rollin) HeartMath 76 (2002). 17 Sep 2005. http://jrscience. wcp. muohio. edu/nsfall05/LabpacketArticles/HowMusicaffectsConcentrat. html D1. Practitioners should build, develop and maintain an appropriate relationship with parents and other professionals as doing this can help them understand about the children’s needs and also help the family.
The best way to do this is that you have great communication with them, so talk to the parents at the end of the day, sending home reports or letters and having parent meetings are some good examples. Also making sure that you talk them in the appropriate language for example, using their manners such as please and thank you. Therefore if you have good commutation skills and good body language when working with parents they are more likely to trust you when looking after their children.
Children who can sense that their main carer has a good relationship with the childcare setting are more likely to be happy being left in the setting. According to Maskell (2010) “This links into the theorist bowlby (1950) who believed in his findings about secure and attachment”. Another way of doing this is speaking to the parent about concerns, for example if the child was not feeling well at nursery you would know in their best interest that they may want to be left alone to sleep or to play quietly.
If the parents were to have any questions for helping their child, for example the are disabled, you could go to you supervisor and get some leaflets or information packs to help the parent get the support and show them if they ever need to talk, that they are more than welcome to come have a chat with any of the staff. It is also important when building a relationship with parents that you understand what they think is best for the child. For example, if the parents wanted the child to sit at a table all day and do work.
As a childcare worker you may think that it would be better for the child to learn though play. You would maybe advise the parents to come into the setting and see how it benefits their children from learning though play. Also some great ways of doing this is to; demonstrate a genuine interest in the parents and children, empathise in a realistic way, avoid patronising responses, engage on a person-to-person level, be down to earth, and be reliable – do what you say you will do. The best way to think of it is to clearly focus on addressing needs and achieving outcomes for children, young people and families. D2.
Working with a multi-agency team can affect the setting in many different ways here are nine examples of some characteristics that are needed; cooperation – the children see the benefits of people working together and cooperating with each other, consistency – all team members adopt the same approach to the task of caring for children and working with their families, encouragement – members of the team stimulate, motivate, praise, encourage and support one another, respect – team membership satisfies the need to belong and to be respected and to have ideals and aims confirmed and shared by others, efficiency – the skills of all members are used to arrive at the best solutions, belonging – individuals feel a sense of belonging and can share problems, difficulties and success, sharing – responsibility and insight is shared by all, innovation – individuals become more willing to adopt new ways of thinking and working, and balance – the strengths and weaknesses of one person are balanced by the strengths and weaknesses of others. This is the best way to cooperate in a team with agencies, having all these characteristics and much more can benefit your setting and others. C. Each child is different and has different needs. So listening to children about their views and opinions can help the Early Year Practitioners produce a clearer image of what children need as they develop. Each child has a different structure to their own views, so you get a wider variety of information from children if you listen to them. ‘Marlow’ talks about the triangle of what children need this is; Physiological, Safety, Love and Belonging, Esteem, and Self-Actualisation.
Based on this we can’t have one without the other, so valuing what the children have to say, like whether a child offers that they should try a new activity at play group or nursery, such as playing with moonsand or play-doh, doing the activity which has been asked to be done, will improve the child self-esteem, as the child would feel proud of his/herself for asking for an activity which wasn’t present, then being able to ask to do something constructive and creative, then having the activity there for them to play improves the child’s well-being and social skills. So as a sum up, valuing and listening to a child’s view is like praise to them, this doesn’t only improve their development, but it improves your knowledge and Early Year Practitioners knowledge on how to work in these situations and even improve the benefit on how to help child becomes who they want to be in life.
It improve the child’s Social skills as he/she asks to do an activity, her/his emotion skills improve as they feel happy and excited in doing the activity and participating in preparing for it, also their self-esteem and well-being improve. B. It important as a level3 practitioner to know the boundaries and limits when working with children. When working with children it is important to follow the rules on confidentiality for example if a child in your setting had an issue at home with their family you would keep this confidently and only tell members of staff in the setting . You would not go out of your setting and use any of the children names as this is a breach of the confidentiality.
Other ways of keeping information confidently is that you make sure that when have information about a child in your setting that it is either kept in locked cupboard with only certain members of staff allowing access to it also if the files where kept on a computer system they should be password so only certain people can access them for example the manager, supervisor& room leader. There are certain pieces of confidently information that you must pass onto member of staff for example any allergies or any religious needs that a child may have. By law in every setting there should also be a child protection officer which is there to report any issues to as well. You should also know how to report any child protection issues in your setting for example if a child was being abused you would report this to your supervisor this important because a child might accuse you of doing something and you would be more likely to be access of doing it if you don’t report to anyone.
Overall it’s important to know these rules so you don’t make a mistake which could result in harm to the child or legal liability to you or your organization. A. The importance of a child-centred approach is to ensure the child is considered first before anyone else. Having positive rein-forcers will encourage them to develop more skills towards the correct way. Secondly it makes sure that the knowledge that a child has about what they want and need provides information about what is the best thing to do. The Reggio approach “sees a child as a very competent protagonist and initiator, who interacts with their environment. ” Reggio Emilia is an Italian based education which makes parents, teachers, and children equal shareholders in the learning initiative.
It focuses on the educational importance of community and free inquiry as its primary values. In Reggio inspired classrooms, teachers use a variety of documentation methods, such as cameras, tape recorders, and journals, to track children’s thoughts and ideas as they play together or work with materials. Building each and every activity thinking about the child centres the approach in the early years setting, but you need to also think about the need of the child as well as the activity. Also child-centred approach to education argues that the school should be fitted to the needs of the child and not the child to the school. Rousseau is credited with being founder of the approach.
This it creates a closer match between the child and the curriculum, builds self-esteem and positive attitudes and increases motivation to learn. In an Inclusive way you are looking at the whole child, their abilities, strengths, interests and learning style, as well as any learning needs or disabilities. It requires children and young people to be active and responsible participants in their learning, giving them a say in their learning through target setting, choice and decision making. This in turn gives them the motivation to learn. With this you are not restrictive, but allow for learning opportunities that suit the child because you plan and target set with them.
This creates a closer match between the child and the curriculum, allowing them to learn and develop at their own level and build on their knowledge. For example, If the child is interested in dinosaurs and does not want to join in singing because he wants to continue playing with dinosaurs you should consider how you can meet his needs – he might enjoy a tuff spot or messy tray filled with dinosaur land resources, he might enjoy singing dinosaur songs, he might look at a dinosaur themed book. Overall it enables the child to focus, enables the child to learn in a fun environment, reach their goals, focus on their individual needs, and increases self-esteem and self-confidence.