Compare good life, then, consists in the

Compare and contrast the “big three” moral theories: utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, and virtue ethics. What are the pros and cons of each? Which do you prefer? Why?Utilitarianism is a normative ethical theory that places the locus of right and wrong solely on the outcomes (consequences) of choosing one action/policy over other actions/policies. As such, it moves beyond the scope of one’s own interests and takes into account the interests of others.It is also the idea that the only objective moral values are the ones nature biologically provided, namely, pleasure and pain. A pro of utilitarianism works in the premise that an action is considered good if it benefits someone. A con can be euthanasia that is considered unethical and immoral in utilitarianism. So even if ending one person’s life can save another through organ donation, no one would dare kill a terminally ill patient even for a good cause. Even if the death of one will save ten people, the core idea of utilitarianism will prevail.Kant had no time for utilitarianism.  He thought that in placing the emphasis on happiness it completely misunderstood the nature of morality.  In his view, the basis for our sense of what is good or bad, right or wrong, is our awareness that human beings are free, rational agents who should be given the respect appropriate to such beings.  Let’s see in closer detail what this means and what it entails. A con can be that people aren’t generally reasonable. A pro is that it distinguishes a right action and the reason behind it.Virtue ethics takes its philosophical root in the work of the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle.   Virtue theories claim that ethics is about agents, not actions or consequences.  Living an ethical, or good life, then, consists in the possession of the right character traits (virtues) and having, as a result, the appropriate Moral character.A pro of Virtue ethics can be generosity, honesty, compassion, friendliness, assertiveness and the like are already present in people and should be practiced in everyday living. It emphasis on the moral goodness or badness of people is just as important to our moral experience as the rightness or wrongness of actions (bad people can do good things, just as good people can do bad thingsA con can be those who are not in favor of virtue ethics find this theory to be misguiding when it comes to educating or motivating people. This is because it leads people to rely on luck when it comes to attaining moral maturity. Also, this can result to people asking why others are luckier to have achieved moral maturity while there will be those who are not lucky enough even if this is not brought about by their own doings.I would have to agree most with Virtue Ethics in this case. I believe in living an ethical good life. Having compassion and being friendly to others is important to me and I try to practice it every day.