The explosion in
the Macondo well resulting in the oil spill acts as a condemnation against
national energy companies and environmental law enforcement agencies. Various
effects on the ecosystems have been affected by the oil spill. Marine life is
showing various signs of defects like increasing number of dolphin deaths in
the bay, deformed fishes, and damaged oyster beds and dead corals. The damages
in the Gulf region will continue and recovery may take many years.
The size of the
blowout and its impact on environment and people had a wide impact on the
society. There was an urge to change the current energy and environmental laws
and regulations. In the case of Deepwater Horizon spill, except dismantling
Management mineral service and the decision to create an independent response
entity (GCCF), nothing has changed. In spite of reports, commentaries, the
legal and regulatory framework is still the same as it was before the accident.
This has contributed to the loss of confidence among the public towards the oil
industry and enforcement agencies.
The full measure
of the impact of the disaster will take years to uncover, but the problems in
the laws and its implementation need to be addressed. There is a need for legal
reform and analyzing ways and methods for environmental justice with respect to
under-water drilling and oil spills.
Ekaterina ?, Oil Pollution and
International Marine Environmental Law
A.; Judd F. Sneirson, Beyond Profit: Rethinking Corporate Social Responsibility
and Greenwashing after the BP Oil Disaster, 85 Tul. L. Rev. 983, 1038 (2011)
Darling, James E., Addendum:
The Story of the BP Oil Spill
Lessons Unlearned: The Legal and Policy Legacy of the BP Deepwater Horizon
Spill, 3 WASH. & LEE J. ENERGY, CLIMATE, & ENV’T 155 (2012)
Freudenberg, William R. &
Robert Gramling, Blowout in the Gulf: The BP Oil Spill Disaster and the Future
Of Energy In America xi (2011).
Wyeth, BP Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill (2011), 32 Energy L.J. 57, 80
Ingersoll, Christina, Richard M. Locke, Cate Reavis, BP
and the Deepwater Horizon Disaster of 2010
Kellman, Steve, Environmental
Groups Sue BP Under Clean Water Act, CIRCLE OF BLUE
(June 7, 2010)
Baldera, A., Robbins, C., Spies, R. B. and Allen, J. R. (2015). Charting the
Gulf: Analyzing the gaps in long-term monitoring of the Gulf of Mexico. New
Orleans, LA: Ocean Conservancy.
LYNDON MARY L,
THE ENVIRONMENT ON THE INTERNET: THE CASE OF THE BP OIL SPILL, Elon Law
Review Vol. 3: 211
NAT’L COMM’N ON
THE BP DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL AND OFFSHORE DRILLING, DEEP WATER: THE GULF
OIL DISASTER AND THE FUTURE OF OFFSHORE DRILLING, REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT 1–2
Norse, Elliott A.
and John Amos , Impacts, Perception,
and Policy Implications of the Deepwater Horizon Oil and Gas Disaster, ENVIRONMENTAL
LAW REPORTER 11-2010
Osofsky, Hari M;
Kate Baxter-Kauf; Bradley Hammer; Ann Mailander, Environmental Justice and the
BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, 20 N.Y.U. Envtl. L.J. 99, vi?(2012)