Contemporary Problems Essay

The agency I choose was Catawba County Social Services, because it focuses on many of the targets in question; however I choose the poor population. Of the 159,125 total populations in 2008 people living below poverty level was, 13. 8 percent of Catawba county families, in 2007 it was 11 percent. Between 2000 and 2010 there was an increase in food assistance of 389 percent that’s from 4,956 people on food assistance to 24,252. In 2010, 10,045 food assistance receivers were 20 years old are younger. In June of 2010 231recieved work first.

Work First is a federal program that provides cash and employment services for families meeting established criteria. The families received 214. 36 dollars per month. 179 of the families were child only cases, that’s when a guardian are grandparents gets a check for a dependent child 52 percent of the children in the Work First case loads had a valid child support order. 36 percent of Catawba County renters are unable to afford a two bedroom apartment, an 11. 50 per hour wage is needed to afford a two bedroom apartment. 8 percent of renters and 21percent of homeowners in Catawba County have housing cost that exceeds 35 percent of their income. As of December 2010 the unemployment rate was 12. 3 percent. 21 percent of the work force people 25 years old or older had not completed high school. 31 percent had a high school diploma or equivalent, 22 percent attended some college 8 percent had an Associate degree, 13 percent had a Bachelors degree. In Catawba County in 2009 -10 Social services collected 13. 4 million in child support for 7,800 children.

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The average support payment was 187. 39 a month. Child enforcement collects 71. 6 percent of the amount owed compared to 65. 6 percent statewide. I feel that crime streams from being poor and unable to provide for themselves and /or family, and juveniles are a big factor. In Catawba County the rate of youth ages 6 to 17 undisciplined juvenile is 5. 11 compared to stated 3. 11, delinquent juveniles’ ages 6 to 15 is 35. 13 percent. In 2008-2009 88 juveniles in Catawba County were admitted to detention, compared to 82 the previous year. 3 percent of youth served by the juvenile crime prevention council was an increase from 270 in 2007-08 to 439 in 2008-09 undisciplined generally refers to youth between the ages 6 and 16 who are regularly truant from school, disobedient to parents/ guardian, runaway or found in places where unlawful to be. Delinquent refers to children between 6 and 16 who commit crimes or infractions including violation motor vehicle law. In 2010 39 percent of children 0-5 in Catawba County attended a child care facility compared to 53percent in 09.

In 2010 the average cost of childcare for a child 0-36 months is 123. 08 per week. In 2009 83 percent of children under 6 lived in single parent households had a working parent, and in May 2010 1,279 eligible families received assistance to pay for childcare. In 2008/09 in Catawba County children in school received free or reduced lunch was 46 percent to 58 percent in 2009/10 47 percent to 60 percent. The students who passed reading and math end of grade test in 2009-2010 in Catawba County was 59. 8 economically disadvantage77. 6 White, 51. 0 Black 52. 7 Hispanic.

Performance on end of grade test grades 3-8 was 74. 7 percent in reading 87. 9 percent math. End of course test for grades 9-12 was 88. 1 percent. In Catawba County the North Carolina Medicaid/ Health Choice program is a free are reduced cost health care program for children. In 2008 13. 7 percent of children0-18 and 20 percent adults 19-64 did not have health insurance. 34. 5 percent elderly residents were uninsured for a month or more. In 2009 9 percent of children0 to 20 years old received Medicaid and 20 percent of all Catawba County residents received Medicaid benefits.

June 2010 2,441 children 6-8 years old were enrolled in north Carolina Health Choice, 61 percent 1,489 are 6-12 years old and 39 percent are 13-18 years old. According to North Carolina child health report Catawba County’s immunization in 2009 were 99. 9 percent compared to the states 96. 5 of kindergarten and 73 percent 19-35 months old compared to 78. 3 percent state. In 2008-09 79 percent of 5th graders in Catawba County had permanent teeth free of decay and in 2009 45. 8 percent of children ages 1-20 who were receiving Medicaid were receiving dental services