Literature- classified according to historical periods, genres, and political influences. Importance of literature * Enjoyment of and enthusiasm for literature. * Appreciation for specific selections. * Love for nature, for fellowmen, for refinement, for virtue , and for good thing in life. * Better understanding of other peoples and nations. * Ability to react, make inferences ,use imaginations, think clearly and critically, express well, comprehend what is read, make interpretations, sense feelings and attitudes, analyze, reason, evaluate.
Division of Literature Poetry is literature in a metrical form. However, free-verse became the popular style towards the modern and post modern age. Like fiction, it may not have plots, setting, etc, yet it has a structured method of writing. Prose writing can of course take beautiful form; but less by virtue of the formal features of words (rhymes, alliteration, metre) but rather by style, placement, or inclusion of graphics. Poetry expresses a strong emotion or a lofty thought in a compressed and intense utterance.
Prose is generally concerned with the presentation of an idea, concept or point of view in a more ordinary and leisurely manner. Approaches of literature * The “formalistic” or “literary” approach is close to the “art for art’s sake” dictum by Jose Garcia Villa. The study of the selection is more or less based on the so-called literary elements which more or less boil down to the literal level, the affective values, the ideational values, technical values and the total effect and communication. For moral or humanistic approach, the nature of man is central to literature. This approach is close to the “morality” of literature, to questions of ethical goodness and badness.
* Historical approach is based on the “moment-milieu-race,” it sees literature as both a reflection and a product of the times and circumstances in which it was written. It operates on the premise that the history of a nation has telling effects on its literature and that a piece can be better understood and appreciated if one knows the times around its creation. Cultural approach is one of the richest ways to arrive at the culture of the people and one of the most pleasurable ways of appreciating the literature of a people. It goes by the dictum “culture teaching through literature. * Psychological approach considers literature as the expression of “personality,” of “inner drives” of “neurosis. ” It has resulted in an almost exhausting and exhaustive “psychological analysis” of characters, of symbols and images, of recurrent themes, and the likes.