All of the characters in the performance Death of a Salesman have special traits that are indicative of their personality and literary purpose in the piece. Each serves a particular purpose and symbolizes distinct goals, functions, or qualities. One by one, the author places every character in a specific location to contrast, or emphasize another characters shortcomings, mistakes, or areas of strength. For example, an author might place the dramas antagonist in many scenes with the protagonist.
This not only creates the plot, but also makes the plot easier to understand. In the same way, Bernard, a character in Death of a Salesman, is placed next to Biff, the protagonists son. Biff, is lost in a world created by his dazed father, who instills in him a set of false values, and eventually becomes a failure in his early age. In spite of the fact that Bernard admires Biff and believes he is able to help him prosper, Biff is unable to listen. Bernard also interacts with the protagonist himself, again showing the same traits that are indicative of his character.
Bernard, who is a successful student and later a successful attorney, is opposite the characteristics Biff is taught makes a man great. Our first example of Bernard’s character is his interaction with Biff is in Act I, when the reader infers Bernard is tutoring Biff: Biff, Listen Biff, I heard Mr. Birnbaum say that if you dont start studyin math hes gonna flunk you and you wont graduate. I heard him! ” These initial statements, spoken by Bernard, are indicative to the reader of how helpful he tries to be to Biff.
He is among the only characters with a sense of reality; the only character that tries to help Biff take concrete, analytical steps to helping him succeed. He understands the consequences of Biffs actions, and tries to dissuade his directionless ambition towards a more solid goal. Hes gotta study Uncle Willy. Hes got regents next week. Just because he printed University of Virginia on his sneakers doesnt mean theyve got to graduate him, Uncle Willy. Once again, this illustrates Bernard is the one of the only characters in tune with reality. He cares for Biff and wants to see him graduate.
This is why he is constantly pushing Biff to complete his work. As Bernard matures, he continues his modest, responsible attitude towards life. The protagonist himself is confronted with Bernards character, and comes to terms with the sudden insight his son is no where near as well off as Bernard, even though they were initially given the same opportunities. Now, the reader infers Bernard is an attorney: Oh, just a case I’ve got there, [Washington] Willy. When Bernard describes his Supreme Court case as just a case, the reader sees how admirably modest he is.
He has become a great man, as inferred from his lines, without being well liked or extremely handsome. He is a developed gentleman,which the protagonists admires, and confides in Bernard asking him where did his son miscarry. But sometimes, Willy, its better for a man just to walk away. In this last line of advice, given by an adult Bernard to Willy, the protagonist, the reader sees his basic foundation of caring for another person is not destroyed: he still means for the best in what he does and says.
He is concerned for the needs of both the protagonist and his son, and proves this by telling Willy to continue with his life and let his son find his own path. In conclusion, the character traits of the players in Death of a Salesman are evident. It is also apparent that they are placed juxtapositionally with each other to highlight the others features. The characters indicative qualities are what makes animates the plot, and makes for a vibrant literary piece.