Death Penalty Final Assessment; Government Essay

America was influenced by Britain on the use of the death penalty. Britain had the biggest impact on America more than any other country. European settlers brought the practice of the death penalty and capital punishment over to America. Since Britain influenced America on the death penalty the death penalty was imposed for minor offences such as stealing and trading with Indians. During the abolitionist movement, abolitionists tried to rewrite the death penalty laws. They tried to reduce the use of the death penalty by only imposing it for crimes such as treason and murder.

During the nineteenth century the abolitionist movement started to show through and many states started to reduce the number of capital crimes and the states made it so the deaths weren’t seen in public but in correctional facilities. During this time the some states started abolishing the death penalty and capital punishment while some states keep the death penalty. During the civil war the death penalty died down because more attention was given to the anti-slavery movement.

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After the war the first electric chair was introduced in New York as a execution method and it was soon adopted in other. states. After the 19th century during the twentieth century the united states was in a time period called the “progressive Period”. During this time 6 states outlaws the death penalty while 3 states limited it to crimes that rarely happened. Also during this time cyanide gas was introduced in Nevada this was because it was seen as a more humane way to kill humans. Also during the 20th century the death penalty was challenged in the court.

It was challenged because it didn’t follow the 8th amendment the death penalty was seen as cruel and unusual. To modern day the death penalty is still used today in some states and most of the older punishments have been removed because of it not following the 8th amendment most people who receive the death penalty are killed with lethal injection. This method is used because it is seen as a harmless way to die and its not “cruel and unusual”. One court case that allowed the death penalty was Furman v. Georgia US Supreme Court, 408 U.

S. 238 June 29,1972. A summary of this court case is Furman was found burglarizing a home and during his escape his weapon fired off and it killed a resident in the house he was breaking into. William Henry Furman was convicted of murder and was sentenced to death. The level of this court case Furman v. Georgia is national. The element of the court case Furman v. Georgia is judicial. In todays world the death penalty is still used. Currently there are 33 states in the United States that still use the death penalty.

Each state uses different execution methods but most states use the lethal injection as the main execution method. So others methods that are still used today is hanging, firing squad, electrocution, gas chamber. Hanging is still used today in Delaware and Washington but both states offer lethal injection as an alternative. The last know hanging was done on January 25, 1996 in Delaware. The way hanging works is before the execution they bound the prisoner’s hands and legs. Then they blind fold the convict and place a noose around his neck.

Then he or she is placed over a trap door, the trap door opens and the weight and the length of drop of the prisoner almost instantly fractures the neck and kills the person instantly sometimes. Another execution method is firing squad. This method is still used today in Idaho, but like most states it offers lethal injection as an alternative. The most recent firing squad execution was that of john Albert Taylor. This exaction took place in Utah January 26, 1996. The way this execution works is the prisoners is tied to a chair and with leather across his head hands and feet.

Then sand bags to absorb the prisoner’s blood are put around the chair. Then a white cloth is placed of the prisoner’s heart. Five shooters with . 30 caliber rifles are placed 20 feet away and then they all shoot at the white cloth kills the inmate instantly due to blood loss to the brain. The execution method electrocution is still the sole method used in Nebraska. The method was first introduced in New York. They built the first electric chair and executed William Kemmler in 1890 and soon other states adopted electrocution as a method.

The way this method works is the prisoner is placed in the electric chair and they doctor gets to a safe distance and when he his is applies a jolt between 500-2000 volts and waits 30 seconds for the body to cool down if the bodies heart is still beating they apply another volt and they contain this process until the person is dead, because of this process there is a horrible smell of burring flesh. The last method that is still used today is the gas chamber. Today there is five states that still use the gas chamber as a execution method.

The last use of the gas chamber was on March 3, 1999 a German national Walter laGrand was executed. The way the gas chamber works is the condemned prisoner is strapped to a chair in an airtight chamber. Below the chair sits a sulfuric acid pail and a long stethoscope so the doctor can pronounce the death. Then the warden gives the executioner a signal and then he flicks a lever that releases crystals into the pail and it releases hydrogen cyanide gas. Many people support the death penalty and many people don’t support it. There are several different reason people support it.

One it honors God, according to many verses in the bible from a Christians view say that God wants us to punish those who went against his teachings. God said in Genesis 9:6: “Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man” this is saying that we as humans didn’t invent the death penalty. God wants us to punish those who done wrong to others. Another verse that shows why the death penalty is good is Revelation 10;13 says that“He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword.

Here is the patience and the faith of the saints. ” God wants us to punish those who deserve punishment. Another reason people support the death penalty is people think that if we have the death penalty there will be deterrence. Deterrence is putting fear into people by using the death penalty to show future criminals what will happen to the if they do the crimes. Even though there is several good reasons people support the death penalty there is several reason people don’t support the death penalty. Some reason people don’t support the death penalty is people say it is against humans rights.

They say nobody deserves to die for something they did instead they think they should sit in jail for life instead of being excuted. Deterrence also is a reason for not supporting the death penalty. Statistics show that states without the death penalty have lower crim rates then states with it this shows that deterrence is not working and its pointless to use. Another reason people don’t want the death penalty is it is a waste of money compared to keeping someone in jail their whole life we would save money if we didn’t execute people for there crimes.

According to Bryan Stevenson JD “Death sentences are imposed in a criminal justice system that treats you better if you are rich and guilty than if you are poor and innocent” this shows that the system is unjust and shouldn’t be used. Rich people shouldn’t be treated differently because they have money and can afford layers. It should be equal for the rich, poor white, Latino and black. Another reason that shows that the death penalty is flawed is there is an “error rate of 1 innocent person for every 7 persons executed” this was stated by Russ Feingold, JD.

There are 4 different topics that show how effective the death penalty is attributes, deterrence, and innocence. According to a study in Philadelphia it shows that blacks receive the death penalty at a 38% higher rate then any other race. Other studies that show how effective the death penalty is is studies in New Jersey North Carolina and Maryland show that if a person was to murder someone who was white they would receive the death penalty at a higher rate than someone who killed a person of any other race.

This shows that the death penalty isn’t very effective at all it shows that its more bias and racist then it showing its effectiveness. Deterrence is another topic that shows how effective the death penalty is. According to studies taken they show that states without the death penalty have lower crime rates then states with the death penalty. The studies show that deterrence doesn’t actually work its not stopping crimes from happening. It’s doing nothing because criminals aren’t worried about what’s going to happen to them there are still going to do the crimes regardless of what the consequences are.

According to studies they show that the death penalty isn’t very effective when it comes to proving the innocent be innocent. This shows that there have been thousands of innocent people murdered for no reason because we couldn’t prove that they were innocent when they are actually innocent. There is one other method used instead of the death penalty. This method is known as life in prison. Instead of the death penalty a inmate is sentenced to life in prison for their crime. They will spend their whole life with no way out.

My over all opinion on the death penalty is I think the whole thing Is perfect. I think that criminals should be punished for there crimes not matter what. If someone was to rape murder come steal they should be killed for there actions. According to God it is correct for someone to be killed for them killing another person, and we should all follow what he says. Also when some his killed for killing someone it gives relief to families who lost loved one when they see or know that the murder is killed.