When students first enter college, their diets often deteriorate and they often gain weight. There are many factors responsible for these changes. However, there are also several actions that can be taken to avoid the weight gain and decline in diet quality that may occur during the college years. Lifestyle changes, peer pressure, limited finances, and access to food also contribute to erratic eating patterns. College students have little variety in their diet and often turn to high-fat snacks. A common error is underestimating serving sizes, meaning they often eat more than they think they are eating.
This project will give detailed study on Food Habits of College students in the present scenario, about adolescent girls & there food habits along with the analysis & interpretation. Definition of Health: The state of being hale, sound, or whole, in body, mind, or soul; especially, the state of being free from physical disease or pain. Adolescence: Definition of Adolescence 1. The period of physical and psychological development from the onset of puberty to maturity. 2. A transitional period of development between youth and maturity: the adolescence of a nation. Who is an Adolescent?
An adolescent from an educator’s perspective is someone who is between 12 -18 (grades 7-12). Characteristics of adolescent intellectual development include: · Moving from concrete to abstract thinking · An intense curiosity and wide range of intellectual pursuits, few of which are sustained over the long term · High achievement when challenged and engaged · Preferences for active over passive learning experiences · Interest with interacting with peers during learning activities. · An ability to be self-reflective. Characteristics of adolescent social development include: Modelling behaviour after that of older students, not necessarily that of parents and other adults. · Immature behaviour when social skills lag behind mental and physical maturity. · Experimenting with ways of talking and acting as part of searching for a social position with peers. · Exploring questions of racial and ethnic identity and seeking peers who share the same background. · Exploring questions of sexual identity in visible or invisible ways · Feeling intimidated or frightened by the initial middle school experience · Liking fads and being interested in popular culture · Overreacting to ridicule, embarrassment and rejection Seeking approval of peers and others with attention-getting behaviours Characteristics of adolescent physical development include: · Restlessness and fatigue due to hormonal changes · A need for physical activity because of increased energy · Developing sexual awareness and often touching and bumping into others · A concern with changes in body size and shape · Physical vulnerability resulting from poor health habits or engaging in risky behaviour Characteristics of adolescent emotional and psychological development include: · Mood swings marked by peaks of intensity and by unpredictability Needing to release energy, with sudden outbursts of activity · A desire to become independent and to search for adult identity and acceptance · Concern about physical growth and maturity ·
A belief that their personal problems, feelings and experiences are unique to themselves Characteristics of adolescent moral development include: · Understanding the complexity of moral issues and not seeing everything in “black and white” · Being capable of and interested in participating in democracy · Impatience with the pace of change and understanding how difficult it is to make social changes Needing and being influenced by adult role models who will listen and be trustworthy · Relying on parents and important adults for advice but wanting to make their own decisions · Judging others quickly but acknowledging one’s own faults slowly Problems faced by Adolescent: Emotional Problems 1. Sexual Problems 2. Behaviour Problems 3. School Problems 4. Eating Problems Emotional Problems: ? Over-eating, excessive sleepiness and a persistent over-concern with appearance may be signs of emotional distress. ? Anxiety may produce phobias and panic attacks. Recent research suggests that even family and friends do often not recognize emotional disorders. Depression ? At some time, 4 out of 10 adolescents have felt so miserable that they have cried and have wanted to get away from everyone and everything. ? During their adolescence, more than 1 in 5 teenagers think so little of themselves that life does not seem worth living. In spite of these powerful feelings, depression may not be obvious to other people. Sexual Problems: ? The dramatic physical changes of adolescence can be very worrying to some teenagers, especially to those who are shy and who don’t like to ask questions.
At the other end of the scale, some express their concern with excessive bragging about sexual ability and experiences. ? More than half of young people in the UK will have had their first experience of sex before the age of 16 and so the risk of pregnancy is a significant part of adolescent life. ? The age of consent for both heterosexual and homosexual intercourse is 16 in England, Scotland and Wales, 17 in N. Ireland. It is illegal to have sex if either partner is under this age, even if they give consent. ? Those who start having sex early are at greater risk of early pregnancy and health problems.
Sexually transmitted diseases are common. HIV infection and AIDS are becoming more common. ? Crushes on someone of the same sex are common in adolescence. Some go on to be gay, most don’t. ? Some young people (and their parents) will not be sure whether they are gay or straight. ? Sensitive support, clear guidance and accurate information about these different aspects of sex are essential – from parents, schools, family doctors, and family planning clinics. ? Most adolescents choose their partners quite carefully. Sleeping around and risky unprotected intercourse are often signs of underlying emotional problems.
They may also be the signs of a risk-taking lifestyle – adolescents who take risks in one way tend to take risks in other ways as well. ? Recent research suggests that girls who are close to their parents are less likely to become pregnant in their teenage years. ? Teenagers can get confidential advice on contraception from their GP, who does not have to inform their parents. Emergency contraception from pharmacies is only available to those aged 16 or over. Behaviour Problems: ? Teenagers and their parents complain about each other’s behaviour. Parents often feel they have lost any sort of control or influence over their child.
Adolescents want their parents to be clear and consistent about rules and boundaries, but at the same time may resent any restrictions on their growing freedom and ability to decide for themselves. ? If disagreements are common and normal, when should you worry? Experience suggests that children are at greater risk of getting into trouble if their parents don’t know where they are. So, try to make sure that you know where they are going and what they are up to. If you really don’t know, you need to find out. School Problems: ? Refusal to go to school can be due to: ? Difficulties in separating from parents Being perfectionist, and becoming depressed because they can’t do as well as they would want to ? Disturbed family life, with early separation from or death of parent. ? An established pattern, which may have started at primary school. Such children often have physical symptoms, such as headache or stomachache. ? Those who go to school, but then play truant, are usually unhappy at home and frustrated at school. They prefer to spend their days with others who feel the same way. ? Emotional problems will often affect school work – worry about oneself, or about what is going on at home, makes it difficult to concentrate.
Pressure to do well and to pass exams may come from parents or teachers, but adolescents usually want to do well and will push themselves. Excessive nagging can be counter-productive. Exams are important, but they should not be allowed to dominate life or to cause unhappiness. ? Bullying can cause all of the above. Around 1 in 10 secondary school children is bullied at some point, about 1 in 20 is bullied every week. Short children are more likely to be bullied. If you are worried that this is happening, talk to the school to make sure that they enforce their bullying policy. Trouble with the law: Most young people do not break the law, but those who do are usually boys. When they do, it usually only happens once. ? If a parent doesn’t feel that breaking the law is particularly important, it is more likely that their children will offend. ? Unhappiness or distress can also lead to behaviour that will get them into trouble with the police. It is always worth asking about such feelings if an adolescent is repeatedly getting into trouble Eating problems: ? Weight can be a real problem. If an adolescent is overweight and is criticized or made fun of, they are more likely to dislike themselves and to become depressed.
This can lead to inactivity and comfort eating, which worsens the weight problem – dieting can actually aggravate the situation. It is more important to ensure that they feel happy with themselves, fat or thin. Many adolescents diet. Fortunately, few will develop serious eating disorders – only around 1 in 100 teenagers develop anorexia, 1 in 50 have bulimia. However, these are more likely to occur in those who take up serious dieting, think very little of themselves, are under stress and who have been over-weight as a child. Aims & Objectives: ? To determine the eating pattern of college students To bring out the problems faced by the college students in consuming food. ? To give remedies for there problems Methodology of the study: Limitation of the study: ? This study is applied only to the college students. ? This study is based on the eating habits of girls in fast food & junk foods. Scheme of cauterization: Only the current prd 2010 is taken for the study The age group is limited to 18 – 22 years Adolescent Girls & Food Habits: Food Pyramids Definition ? Increased consumption of fast food & junk food There are four types of Adolescents ? Obesity ? Overweight ? Underweight ? Healthy