Depression disorder is a common
mental health problem in adolescents worldwide, with an estimated 1 year
prevalence of 4-5% in mid to late adolescence. Depression in adolescents is a
major risk factor for suicide, the second-to-third leading cause of death in
this age group. Depression also leads to serious social and educational
impairments. Nevertheless, depression in adolescents is often missed, possibly because
of the prominence of irritability, mood reactivity, and fluctuating symptoms in
adolescents. Thus, to recognize and treat this disorder is important. This paper
will discuss the basis information about depression: definition, facts and
figures, symptoms, causes and effects.
There are quite a lot of
definitions for depression but what it all comes down to, is the following:
clinical depression is a serious mental disorder during which a person experiences
extreme sadness, restlessness, helplessness and has a low sense of self-worth.
Someone who is depressed doesn’t find any joy in the things they used to like
and their life lust is gone. The person barely has energy and feels down all
the time. To actually be diagnosed with clinical depression one must have a
certain amount of symptoms, declared by the World Health Organization, for at
least two weeks. Only a doctor and psychologist are allowed to consult a
Female adolescents with
depression typically have symptoms of worthlessness, sadness and guilt. Male
adolescents with depression are more likely to be very tired, irritable, and
sometimes angry. Remember that this is a general observation, it might be
different for everyone.
Mental health disorders are
among the most important public health issues globally. Estimates of the global
burden of disease place mental illness in the top three conditions in terms of
years lost due to disability. The mental health of adolescents and young people
is a crucial issue because of the general burden of mental illness and because it
has the potential to affect their adult lives, and the lives of the next
III. Facts and Figures
A scientific research (Dedding
et. al..,2013) under 13 to 16 years old, in the north of Vietnam showed that a
high proportion had poor mental health, with 17.6% having felt sad and hopeless
every day for two weeks during the past 12 months. Out of these teenagers, 6.6%
of students having seriously considered suicide. A 2006 study among 2591
adolescents in Hanoi found that 16.3% of experiences symptoms of depression,
anxiety and psychological distress.
A 2008 European study among six
countries (France, Spain, Germany, UK, Netherlands & Italy) showed that 17%
of the people questioned, Suffer from depressive episodes.