I. Introduction Depression disorder is a commonmental health problem in adolescents worldwide, with an estimated 1 yearprevalence of 4-5% in mid to late adolescence. Depression in adolescents is amajor risk factor for suicide, the second-to-third leading cause of death inthis age group. Depression also leads to serious social and educationalimpairments. Nevertheless, depression in adolescents is often missed, possibly becauseof the prominence of irritability, mood reactivity, and fluctuating symptoms inadolescents. Thus, to recognize and treat this disorder is important.
This paperwill discuss the basis information about depression: definition, facts andfigures, symptoms, causes and effects. II. Definition There are quite a lot ofdefinitions for depression but what it all comes down to, is the following:clinical depression is a serious mental disorder during which a person experiencesextreme sadness, restlessness, helplessness and has a low sense of self-worth.Someone who is depressed doesn’t find any joy in the things they used to likeand their life lust is gone. The person barely has energy and feels down allthe time.
To actually be diagnosed with clinical depression one must have acertain amount of symptoms, declared by the World Health Organization, for atleast two weeks. Only a doctor and psychologist are allowed to consult adepression. Female adolescents withdepression typically have symptoms of worthlessness, sadness and guilt. Maleadolescents with depression are more likely to be very tired, irritable, andsometimes angry. Remember that this is a general observation, it might bedifferent for everyone. Mental health disorders areamong the most important public health issues globally. Estimates of the globalburden of disease place mental illness in the top three conditions in terms ofyears lost due to disability. The mental health of adolescents and young peopleis a crucial issue because of the general burden of mental illness and because ithas the potential to affect their adult lives, and the lives of the nextgeneration.
III. Facts and Figures A scientific research (Deddinget. al..,2013) under 13 to 16 years old, in the north of Vietnam showed that ahigh proportion had poor mental health, with 17.6% having felt sad and hopelessevery day for two weeks during the past 12 months.
Out of these teenagers, 6.6%of students having seriously considered suicide. A 2006 study among 2591adolescents in Hanoi found that 16.3% of experiences symptoms of depression,anxiety and psychological distress.
A 2008 European study among sixcountries (France, Spain, Germany, UK, Netherlands & Italy) showed that 17%of the people questioned, Suffer from depressive episodes.