Disease condition name: Alopecia
Also Known As:
Pronounced As: al-uh-pee-shee-uh ar-ee-ah-tuh/?h?p ??ta? t?s/
One Line Description: It’s the non-scarring hair loss characterized by
baldness spots in various areas of the body.
autoimmune disease whereby immune system attacks healthy hair follicle
leading to hair loss.
thinning and baldness.
topical corticosteroids, minoxidil, immunotherapy
Sample Value example
2% of the
Lab test or Imaging required
doesn’t require lab test or imaging.
it takes to cure
it spread & how
not known to
common for ages 35-50.
it be fatal/deadly (prognosis)
to be life threatening.
history may increase likelihood.
it need emergency attention
always require urgent medical attention.
Other fact 1-
Other fact 2-
Alopecia areata is associated with other disease conditions
such as Down syndrome, vitiligo, thyroid disease.
three types of alopecia areata
Alopecia areata patchy
Characterized by circular bald spots of the scalp
All the hair in scalp is
All the body hair is lost
areata is asymptomatic in most patients.
signs and symptoms include
Hair thinning and baldness which
is the main sign
Pruritus in the area affected.
Splitting and thinning of nails
It’s an autoimmune disease whereby immune
system attacks healthy hair follicle leading to hair loss.
The exact factors that trigger
the autoimmune reactions aren’t known.
History of the disease in the family
How it doesn’t
Diagnosis involves review
of signs and symptoms and differential diagnosis to rule out other conditions
factors that may cause alopecia such as fungal infections.
Physical examination to ascertain
presence of bald spots or hair loss
Skin biopsy for confirm
Blood test to rule out
Minoxidil stimulates hair growth
Corticosteroid creams e.g. betamethasone
Use of sunscreens and sun blockers
by use of wigs and artificial eye-lashes.
use of diphencyprone
The trigger of the autoimmune
reaction causing alopecia areata is unknown. Therefore, it’s not possible to
Food to eat &
Foods to eat
Foods rich in
antioxidants and vitamins e.g. green
leafy vegetables, carrots, tomatoes
acids in fish e.g. sardines, tuna
Foods to avoid
Dairy products such as milk and eggs since the may
High-calorie food e.g. fried and baked goods.
Specialist that one should meet if they have this condition:
in skin and its’ appendages and the disease conditions affecting them.
May affect people psychologically leading to depression
Questions to ask your Doctor
causes alopecia areata?
diet be a precipitating factor?
are the treatment methods?
is the treatment duration?