Disease condition name: Alopecia areata Also Known As: Pronounced As: al-uh-pee-shee-uh ar-ee-ah-tuh/?h?p ??ta? t?s/ One Line Description: It’s the non-scarring hair loss characterized by baldness spots in various areas of the body. Short description: · Causes: It’s an autoimmune disease whereby immune system attacks healthy hair follicle leading to hair loss. · Symptoms: Pruritus’, hair thinning and baldness.
· Treatment Systemic and topical corticosteroids, minoxidil, immunotherapy Highlights: Fact Sample Value example Comments How common it is Rare. Common Stats (US) 2% of the population Is Treatable no known cure. Is Diagnosis required diagnosed by medical professional. Is Lab test or Imaging required diagnosis doesn’t require lab test or imaging. Time it takes to cure can last several months. Is Vaccine Available no vaccine available. Does it spread & how not known to be contagious.
Age common for ages 35-50. Gender can affect all genders. Can it be fatal/deadly (prognosis) not believed to be life threatening. Is it hereditary family history may increase likelihood. Does it need emergency attention does not always require urgent medical attention. Other fact 1- Other fact 2- More details Alopecia areata is associated with other disease conditions such as Down syndrome, vitiligo, thyroid disease. There are three types of alopecia areata · Alopecia areata patchy Characterized by circular bald spots of the scalp · Alopecia totalis All the hair in scalp is lost · Alopecia universalis All the body hair is lost Symptoms: Alopecia areata is asymptomatic in most patients.
The signs and symptoms include Hair thinning and baldness which is the main sign Pruritus in the area affected. Splitting and thinning of nails Causes: It’s an autoimmune disease whereby immune system attacks healthy hair follicle leading to hair loss. The exact factors that trigger the autoimmune reactions aren’t known. History of the disease in the family increases risk. How it doesn’t spread: N/A Diagnosis: Diagnosis involves review of signs and symptoms and differential diagnosis to rule out other conditions factors that may cause alopecia such as fungal infections. Diagnosis involves: Physical examination to ascertain presence of bald spots or hair loss Skin biopsy for confirm Blood test to rule out other factors Treatments: I.
Medication · Minoxidil stimulates hair growth · Corticosteroid creams e.g. betamethasone II.
Self-Care · Use of sunscreens and sun blockers · Cosmetic treatment by use of wigs and artificial eye-lashes. III. Therapies · Immunotherapy e.g.
use of diphencyprone Prevention The trigger of the autoimmune reaction causing alopecia areata is unknown. Therefore, it’s not possible to prevent it. Food to eat & Avoid Foods to eat · Foods rich in antioxidants and vitamins e.g. green leafy vegetables, carrots, tomatoes · Omega-3- fatty acids in fish e.
g. sardines, tuna Foods to avoid · Dairy products such as milk and eggs since the may cause inflammation · High-calorie food e.g. fried and baked goods. Specialist that one should meet if they have this condition: · Dermatologist Specializes in skin and its’ appendages and the disease conditions affecting them.
Complications: May affect people psychologically leading to depression Questions to ask your Doctor · What causes alopecia areata? · Could diet be a precipitating factor? · Is it contagious? · Is it curable? · What are the treatment methods? · What is the treatment duration? · Is it hereditary?