During the last fewcenturies, 20th century in particular, world has witnessed tremendous growth inthe field of science.
This makes the world smaller and very comfortable placeto live in. Unfortunately, such a scientific advancement was not without banesas well. Most importantly, the greatest casualty, being brought about byadvancement of science is metamorphosis of a vibrant and lively human beinginto a totally mechanized entity. Man to man relationships in good olden dayswere based on mutual love, respect and universal fraternity. Sadly enough, ithas fast been replaced by relations, which are based on purely materialisticconsiderations, in such a scenario crime configuration in present day world,too, has undergone a sea change. Now, crime has become unbelievably brutal,inhuman and above all, profoundly immoral. So also is the trafficking in humanbeings.
Yet trafficking is nothing new. Humantrafficking has a history coterminous with that of society and has existed invarious forms in almost all civilizations and cultures. It makes human beingsobjects of financial transactions through the use of force, duress or deception,for various purposes, chief among them for commercial sexual exploitation andfor exploitative labour.1Not the mythology alone but also the recorded history of mankind has beenreplete with tales of lesser mortals always being subjected to trafficking bymore fortunate ones. Trafficking andsmuggling has been described as a diverse form of trade that is ‘as old as thetrade itself’, even though there is great diversity in what is trafficked, whattrade is prohibited, and by whom over time. Depending on the political windsand dominant social norms of the day, what is an illegitimate trade in one eramay be legitimate in ‘another’.
1 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, “Resource Book on the Legal Framework on Anti HumanTrafficking,” Regional Office forSouth Asia, New Delhi, 2008, p. 4, available at http://www. unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking /India_Training_material/Resource_Book_on_Legal_Framework.pdf,last visited on 25 May 2014 at 15:05 IST.