Dysesthesia – Causes and Treatment Options 

Our centralnervous system is amazing. Because of its functionality, we are able to senseand feel things surrounding us. We also feel what our body tries to convey. However,in certain cases, we tend to experience painful, burning or itchy sensation inan abnormal manner, and this condition is medically termed as dysesthesia. Thereason for this condition is damaged nerves and majorly it is linked withneurological conditions such as multiple sclerosis.

The worddysesthesia comes from Greek origin which means abnormal sensations. Thesensation is often presented as pain in specific body parts but it is not pain.It is the abnormal sensations you are going through which is pretty muchdifficult to understand. These sensations could be described as burning,itching, wetness, electric shock and these are caused by lesions of peripheralor central nervous system.

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One might experience spontaneous sensations while insome they awaken due to certain stations. The most affected body areas are skin,scalp, mouth and legs. Paresthesia andhyperalgesia are not similar to dysesthesia however people might get confusedbetween these three. It is because the symptoms shown by these healthconditions are quite similar in nature.

These two conditions also occur withmultiple sclerosis and that is another reason to confuse dysesthesia with thesetwo health ailments. People suffering from paresthesia experience symptoms suchas skin crawling or pins and needles sensation while hyperalgesia is a strongresponse to painful conditions.  What are the symptoms of dysesthesia?The conditioncan make you suffer from continuous episodes of pain and discomfort while insome, the frequency of outbreaks is intermittent. The intensity of symptoms dependson how severe the tissue damage is. The symptoms are:·       Skincrawling ·       Burningsensations·       Throbbingpain ·       Abnormalsensations which resembles electric shock People whohave developed dysesthesia due to multiple sclerosis experience a phenomenoncalled MS hug. It can be explained as a sensation being squeezed especially inthe chest area. One also experiences tightness in the chest and rib area alongwith in other body parts like legs, hands or head.

What causes dysesthesia?Thiscondition develops due to damage occur to the nerve tissues. This damage makeshuge changes in the way nerve tissues behave and they behave in a veryunpredictable manner. This leads to incorrect or abnormal signalling causingmiscommunication. The brain unable to read the signals properly and thus ittends to choose a known pattern of response which often turned into a mixtureof sensations. This is why, a person suffering from dysesthesia experiencesvarious sensations, all at once. Your brain, due to receiving these mix orabnormal messages from the nerve tissues, causes you experience uncomfortablesensations.

You may suffer from mild tingling sensation to sharp stabbing pain.Every sufferer shows different kind of symptoms depending on the severity ofthe nerve damage. The silverlining here is that the nerve tissue is not damaged. In fact, the nerve tissueis healthy and functional but fails to read and send the signals properly tothe brain which in turn causes these mix sensations.

Which factors contribute in worseningdysesthesia?Diabetic neuropathyUncontrolleddiabetes or abnormally high blood sugar level causes nerve damage which leadsto neuropathic pain. This can emerge as dysesthesia where a person suffers fromburning pain and it could be deep and sharp. Shingles or herpes zosterIt is aviral infection where the virus prefers to stay in a dormant state near thebrain and spinal cord. In stressful events, especially in those with poorimmune system, this virus gets reactivated causing burning sensation, numbness,pain, tingling sensations and abnormal sensations causing a lot of discomfort. Post-Lyme disease syndromeTick-bornebacterial infection, Lyme disease, gives out symptoms like fever, headaches,joint pain, muscle pain, skin rashes, sore muscles, stiff neck and fatigue.

Posttreatment, certain patients experience dysesthesia with above-mentionedsymptoms. Multiple sclerosisThiscondition affects the nervous system and causes the loss of myelin sheath thatsafeguards the nerve cells. This is termed as demyelination. This further leadsto abnormal sensations, burning, aching and tingling sensations in the limbs. What are the treatment options fordysesthesia? In manycases, treating the underlying cause for dysesthesia onset proves to bebeneficial. The condition makes one suffer from depression and anxiety as well.

In this case, anti-depressants are prescribed to treat these psychologicalailments effectively. Treatment of dysesthesia depends on its types andunderlying conditions. Joining a support group helps in boosting self-esteemand confidence.