Educational Psychology and Learners Essay

Unit 1 Level 4 theory Assessment Discuss Issues of Equality and Diversity and ways to promote inclusion with your learners. Review other points of referral available to meet the potential needs of learners. Inclusion, Equality and Diversity are all aspects of a learner’s entitlement. Inclusivity is about involving all learners in relevant activities rather than excluding them for any reason either directly or indirectly. Equality is about the rights of learners to attend and participate regardless of their gender, race, ethnic origin, religion, disability, sexual orientation or age.

Within the context of Lifelong Learning, Equality is considered to encompass: * An expectation of fair treatment * An opportunity to participate on equal terms. Diversity is about valuing the differences in people. What I need to think about as a tutor to ensure equality in my classroom practice? Planning * I will need to ensure that course documents take into consideration the individual needs of the learner? (Initial Assessment, Scheme of work, ILP) * I must make the learning environment conducive to learning e. . (layout, accessibility) * I will include a variety of learning styles in the teaching – auditory, visual and kinaesthetic? (Schemes of work, lesson plans) Delivery * I will allocate appropriate time during learner’s induction for information and discussion on equality and diversity, including policies, etc? (Scheme of work, lesson plans, ILP, complaints procedure) * I will set appropriate ground rules with learners (Lesson plan) * Appropriate assessment methods must be used for all learners? Differentiation) * I must use appropriate and sensitive language and challenge inappropriate use of language * Co-operative learning – This will help learners to work as part of a team, whilst at the same time ensuring that everybody’s contribution is valued. This approach to learning can help break down barriers between learners. * Experiential learning – Learners come with many useful and relevant experiences from life outside the classroom which can be used to promote equality and diversity.

Treat each student as an individual, and respect each student for who he or she is. * Each of us has some characteristics in common with others of our gender, race, place of origin, and socio cultural group, but these are outweighed by the many differences among members of any group. We tend to recognize this point about groups we belong to (“Don’t put me in the same category as all those other “) but sometimes fail to recognize it about others.

However, any group label subsumes a wide variety of individuals-people of different social and economic backgrounds, historical and generational experience, and levels of consciousness. I must try not to project my experiences with, feelings about, or expectations of an entire group onto any one student. I must keep in mind, though, that group identity can be very important for some students. College may be their first opportunity to experience affirmation of their national, ethnic, racial, or cultural identity, and they feel both empowered and enhanced by joining monoethnic organizations or groups. Source: Institute for the Study of Social Change, 1991) Differentiation. Effective differentiation takes into account the diverse backgrounds and needs of individual learners. My differentiated questioning can support learners for whom English is a second language. Assessment for learning. Checking learning and generating feedback are essential ingredients of all effective learning. This will enable me to identify learners’ needs relating to anything from a disability to cultural history.

Assessment should be fair and not discriminate against any learner. Resources * Are teaching resources accessible for all learners? * I will find out if learners require additional resources to help them to access information (Initial assessment, ILP) * Are people from diverse backgrounds, socioeconomic, cultural, people with disabilities visible in course materials? * Using e-learning and technology – Effective use of e-learning and technology can ensure all learners have access to learning.

It is important that I remember, some learners may experience difficulties using technology, for example a learner with epilepsy or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder may need regular breaks from using a computer screen. I will use many approaches and tools to ensure that trials and topics are presented to all learners in a way that are sensitive to equality and diversity. I will adapt to specific resources to ensure that learners can access information to meet their individual needs for example: recorders, electronic whiteboards, large prints, using symbols, activities etc…

Multi-sensory learning I will plan and deliver learning that uses a number of senses, such as seeing, listening and touching will suit the learning style of a wider range of learners and enrich the learning experience. A regular change in the type of activity will also ensure a higher degree of motivation. Get a sense of how students feel about the cultural climate in your classroom. I will let students know that the college wants to hear from them if any aspect of the course is making them uncomfortable.

During the term, I will invite them to write me a note (signed or unsigned) or ask on mid semester course evaluation forms one or more of the following questions: * Does the course instructor treat students equally and even-handedly? * How comfortable do you feel participating in this class? What makes it easy or difficult for you? * In what ways, if any, does your ethnicity, race, or gender affect your interactions with the teacher in this class? With fellow students? Institutional Supports I will discuss the institutions policy related to equality and diversity.

This will help me recognise the learners additional support needs. For example creche facilities provided for learners with need for childcare, Ramps and lifts for learners with physical disabilities etc… Inclusion is the process whereby all the learners are made to feel part of the learning process. I have to be aware as a Management teacher that other individuals in an institution that could, or even should, be involved to help achieve inclusion. They are * The IT Department * The ELM/ECM * The person i/c Equal Opportunities The EFL Department * The Health and Safety * Equality and Diversity * Safeguarding * Child protection * Data Protection Inclusion is about a society which respects the humanity of its people. There are other points of referral beyond the teachers’ immediate remit which are available to meet the potential needs of learners. I will refer the learners to the following points of contact when in need. These include the * Student Advice Office – Student welfare support for financial and travel issues * Learning Support – Extra learning Support Citizens’ Advice Bureau, * Job Centre Plus, * Norfolk Deaf Association, * Sensory Support, MIND, * Dyslexic Services – Struggling Learner * Gay/Lesbian Associations * Safeguarding person in charge * Victim Support * Counselling – When the matter to be discussed is too personal * First Aider/Nurse – For Health Advice * Nursery – creche facilities, * Basic skills tutor – in order for the student to overcome their pressing obstacles Bibliography * Ann Gravels “Preparing to Teach in the Lifelong Learning Sector. ”