Egypt Essay Egypt is in Africa in the eastern hemisphere. The Egyptians had 3 major kingdom time periods, the Old Kingdom from 2850 BC-2200 BC, the Middle Kingdom from 2050 BC-1732 BC, and the New Kingdom from 1570 BC-1090 BC. These kingdoms had some major challenges. Their main challenge was being able to control everyone. The pharaoh had to have loyalty from his people. The Old Kingdom made up some rules to try and keep their people in order and keep the pharaoh as the main person in control.
The Middle Kingdom the pharaohs began to lose their power so they had to get it back somehow, and in the New kingdom they finally did and they wanted to keep it that way. The Old Kingdom had many ways of trying to keep their people loyal. One of the ways they did this was by telling their people they were descendants of the gods. This worked fairly well. The Old Kingdom’s power told their citizens that they were the chosen people. They should be the pharaoh and since the people believed they were gods, they listened to them. During the Old Kingdom they believed in an afterlife.
Everyone wanted to follow the rules, so they could assure they would have a life after they died. So for the pharaohs to have control over the people, he told them if they didn’t obey the laws they would not have an afterlife. Since everyone wanted the afterlife this method worked well to solve the challenge of getting the people to listen to the pharaoh. The people wanted to please the pharaoh so badly that they built pyramids for the tomb of the pharaoh because if he was giving them a good afterlife he shall get one too. Another thing the pharaoh did to make sure the people listened to him was to tell them he owned all the land.
This way if they did something he didn’t like the pharaoh would take his land away. These methods were very powerful for keeping the pharaoh as the main man. But as times change it became harder and harder to keep these people in line. During the Middle Kingdom things had changed a lot, the pharaohs no longer controlled all of Egypt. Egypt became a divided country. The Egyptians began making glass and jewelry. The main challenge the pharaohs during this period was to keep their power and control over their people. Pharaohs lost most of their power during the Middle Kingdom, but in 2130 BC a prince from
Thebes began to restore power to the pharaoh and tried to reunite the country. Pharaohs still didn’t have full control they had to share their power with priests, but the priests were stronger and the people listened to priests not pharaohs. They even stopped building pyramids and started to just build rock tombs. People no longer feared the pharaohs, they now saw them as their protectors. This caused the pharaoh’s to lose more control over Egypt, which made Egypt vulnerable. No one was fond of Egypt because Egypt claimed that they were the only ones protected by the gods. Egypt had a satisfactory civilization, where everyone was equal.
Most people were happy. The pharaoh lost more control and power, and were attacked, because of this weakened state. A group called the Hyksos invaded a lot of places including Egypt. The Hyksos ruled Egypt for 100 years and Egypt learned to be like them. They were finally stronger and able to drive them away. Now under their own control again Egypt would slowly gain the power of the pharaoh back. In the beginning of the New Kingdom things were going well. The pharaoh was back in control and they had a strong army to keep invaders away. To make sure the pharaoh stayed in control the rules were even stricter than they were in the Old Kingdom.
They stripped the priests and the nobles of some of their power. The pharaohs kept tight control over Egypt. The feared they would be taken over again so they thought if they started conquering land than other places wouldn’t be able conquer them. But the pharaoh soon realized it was much harder to control an empire then take it over. When a weak pharaoh was serving parts of the empire would break away it took a very strong pharaoh to keep things running properly. After a while all the land had been lost. But the pharaoh still had control because he taught kids that the pharaohs were most powerful to assure loyal followers when they grew up.
The Egyptians became rich but all the money went to the pharaohs and nobles. With the citizens being poor, their say in things decreased and the pharaohs increased. The pharaohs of the New Kingdom had the most power out of any pharaoh from a different kingdom. So in the Old Kingdom starting with the pharaoh having a lot of power, then going to the Middle Kingdom where the Pharaoh had almost no power, then to the New Kingdom where the pharaoh had the most power. They faced the challenge of the pharaoh losing control of his people but over time they fixed it by enforcing rules to make the people fear and worship the pharaoh.
During the three kingdoms the leaders figured out what rules worked and what rules didn’t work. They didn’t get it exactly right because they got taken over and not gaining control until the 20th century, but they came close. That is what I think is going on with the United States right now, we are trying to figure out how to solve our problems but it is difficult and will take time. We should really start looking back and seeing what our ancestors did. We can learn a lot from them and from history.