Elizabeth MaghirangMrs. ThomasEnglish 10 Pre-AP period 722 January 2018Directions: Use the following graphic organizer to prepare for your presentation. Write in complete sentences to receive credit. Each member of your group must submit assignment to Google Classroom.Assignment TitleInvention:Transatlantic CableWho made your invention? Give background information about him/her.Cyrus West Field was an American businessman who, along with others, created the Atlantic Telegraph Company and laid the first cable. He was interested in business but he turned his attention towards telegraphy and joined a ‘Cable Cabinet” of entrepreneurs, investors, and engineers. He and his group began laying the cable after they secured financing in England and backing from the American and British governments. In 1858, Queen Victoria sent President James Buchanan a message in morse code. Later on he laid a more durable cable and allowed instant communication across the Atlantic. Then in 1867, he received a gold medal from the U.S Congress and the grand prize at the International Exposition in Paris.Why was your invention made?Before the Transatlantic Cable, communication between Europe and America took place only by ship. The Transatlantic Cable reduced the communication time between North America and Europe from 10 days which was the time it took to deliver a message by ship to only 17 hours, and it made it a lot easier that way. How was your invention made?Cyrus West Field secured a charter to lay a well-insulated line across the floor of the Atlantic Ocean. Transmission and receiving systems were set up that could relay multiple messages over the cable. Who did your invention help? Did it negatively impact anyone? Did everyone want it, or only certain people?The Transatlantic Cable helped important information travel to one another much quicker than any horse or ship. This helped world leaders and any other government officials give updates and news with one another. It also allowed everyday people to speak to one another instantaneously. Although it was successful, it did cause seven dead, 60km of cable lost, and a bankrupt company. The cable also only lasted an average of a few weeks before they were cut or would just stop unexpectedly. The many attempts had poor quality cables and a large sum of money. However, once it was successful it benefit everyone. People who did not want the cable were only rival companies that did not want the Cable Cabinet to succeed.How did the invention impact the country? The Transatlantic Cable had the capacity to move news and data quickly over large geographic scales and it had social, political, military, economic and financial impacts. There was no shortage of writing on the benefits that the Transatlantic Cable brought. It had a very large impact in business. It spread the creation of equity markets in the US. There was also a 12-year project to span the Atlantic with a telegraph cable and it was said to be the greatest business and technological undertakings of the 19th Century. The Transatlantic Cable was authorized at the highest level of government. President Franklin Pierce signed the Atlantic Cable Act in 1857 in the last day of his term. Ethos Include at least three different examples Field was once known as one of the greatest americans. He was funded by both America and Britain to create the cable and he ended up with a gold medal from the U.S Congress and a grand prize in Paris at the International Exposition.PathosInclude at least three different examples Imagine how devastating it would be if your family members were injured, but you didn’t know until a week later. Having the immediate reassurance of knowing they are okay is what makes this cable so valued.In today’s society, we rely on technology and our connects to the internet a lot. The invention of Transatlantic cables long ago created many other undersea cables and allows us to be so technology advanced as we are today.Without the invention of transatlantic cables, our only dependance today would be on other annoyingly slow and expensive options. It wouldn’t be as convenient as it is today.LogosInclude at least three different examples The transatlantic cable allowed the beginning of worldwide communication and spread information all around the world with no constraints of time. If it allows the spread of information, then it allows people to learn quicker and become more aware of what is happening in the world.The cable connects 75% of the world’s population to the average modern telephone user and over 2 billion minutes of voice and data traffic per year.This transatlantic cable transmits voice and data traffic with higher reliability and a cheaper price than satellite transmissions.The Transatlantic Cable was the beginning to undersea cables being spread all over the world. These undersea cables carry nearly 100% of transoceanic data traffic (internet, phone calls, TV transmissions) and travel at the speed of light. These cables can carry tens of terabytes of information per second.Possible Cons/Rebuttal Con: Satellites can easily replace undersea cables.Rebuttal: Undersea cables are actually the main carrier of our internet, TV transmissions, and phone calls/texts. They are also more reliable and and cheaper to produce. Not to mention, they are also much faster than satellite, by up to eight-fold!Con: The wires can be cut, damaged, etc.Rebuttal: Undersea cables today are covered in steel armor and buried beneath the seafloor at their shore-ends. They are also encounter as they are narrow and the sea is too vast. If a cable does get cut, information is simply redirected along other cables.Con: Hard to repair.Rebuttal: It’s actually quite the opposite. The cable company contracts a ship to the exact spot of the break, lower a grapnel, buoy them, and then splice in a new wire segment that connects each side. Con: Rebuttal: Round 1 Opponent Invention: AirplaneCon #1 Con #2 Con #3 Presentation Outline: (1st Minute)Hook: Today, in a world in which news flashes around the globe in an instant, time lags are inconvenient. In the mid-nineteenth century, communication between the United States and Europe,the center of world affairs, was only as quick as the fastest ship could cross the Atlantic, making the US isolated and vulnerable. So, what connected the Old and the New World?Body: Conclusion: (2nd Minute)Responses will vary, as, they should be in response to opponentThe first transatlantic cable was laid in 1860s, and these kind of telegraph cables lasted for 60 to 70 years or even longer underwater; they were extremely durable. In the 1950s they were basically replaced by telephone cables. And then starting in the 1980s these were swapped with fiber optic cables, which carry information at the speed of light.