EU officially adopts a two-state solution as the onlyviable route towards a peace agreement in the Middle East (EEAS – EuropeanExternal Action Service, 2018). The High Representative of EU for ForeignAffairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, states that Jerusalem shouldserve as a capital for both Israel and Palestine and highlighted that EU isunited on the matter. Despite U.S.’ position, she reassured that EU willrespect the current consensual agreement between the two states until theconflict ends, proposing, at the same time, more direct negotiations (TheJerusalem Post, 2018). Last March EU reopened the debate for peace during ameeting of Mogherini and Abbas, the Palestinian Authority President, inBrussels, where both sides agreed to make the resolution of the conflict a toppriority in their agendas (Ahren and Lieber, 2017).
Mogherini acknowledged theimportance to support Palestinians both politically and financially duringtheir effort for peace and called Trump’s administration to take part in thediscussions and avoid any actions that undermine the two-state cooperation (Ahrenand Lieber, 2017). A few months later, on December 6, U.S.
‘ President DonaldTrump officially recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, a decision thatoutraged the Arab world (EEAS – European External Action Service, 2018). Both Russia and United Kingdom deemed Trump’s decisionas ‘not helpful’ but EU insisted that U.S. will play a crucial role in thediscussions (Aljazeera, 2018). In the following days, EU scheduled two meetings,one with Jordan’s Foreign Minister and one with Israeli Prime Minister, whereMogherini stressed the fact that EU envisions a Palestinian State with each ownland and rejected Netanyahu’s call to follow U.S.’ recognition and move theirembassies in Jerusalem (Emmott, 2018). During their meeting she insisted thatthe only realistic solution is the two-state coexistence on the Holy City butuntil then peace comes first, while Netanyahu insinuated that the American sidehad a new proposal in mind without revealing any meaningful details (Emmott,2018).
Many European countries suggested that Jerusalem’sstatus should be decided upon the end of the conflict and that Trump’s movewill only worsen the relations between the two states. As a matter of fact, Hezbollahalready announced their focus on the Palestinian cause and, after the rally inBeirut, Nasrallah called for a ‘united strategy’ in the confrontation withIsrael (Beaumont, 2018). EU became even more pressured to act upon their roleas a mediator as the voices condemning Israel are growing bigger everyday eveninside European Member-States, such as the anti-Israeli protests in Germany (Lovatt,2018). EU agrees that now it is not the time to ‘disengage’ andwill keep on working together with Palestinian people and UNRWA to help thePalestinian refugees, refusing any ‘blank’ initiative coming from the U.Sadministration (EEAS – European External Action Service, 2018). Mogheriniemphasized that now more than ever peace is evidently the only way and calls theAmerican President, who is currently facing international isolation for hispositions, for more serious proposals (The Jerusalem Post, 2018).