Everybody tricks” aren’t so amazing to teach

Everybody loves circuses the
lights, music, costumes, tricks, animals, etc. especially the animals they are
the best part! Maybe most of you all know what happens behind those curtains,
those “amazing tricks” aren’t so amazing to teach the animals. Let me just say
there’s even torture tools that are used especially for the animals.

When was the circus
created and who invented it?

To start off with, the circus was first
created in England by Philip Astley on January 8, 1752; in Newcastle-under-Lyme
England. Astley was. A six feet tall former sergeant-major and ex-Calvary that
became a showman, also a man that served in the Seven Years War from 1756-1763,
many proclaimed he was an intelligent man, and in war but also mainly on breaking
horses and becoming their trainer. He was seen by a man who was a celebrated
riding and fencing master. Going by the name of Domingo Angelo, he decided to
teach Astley how to make Cavalry crossword in battle better, later this will
become useful for his shows. He was discharged on June 21,1766 and returned to Lambeth
with a partner who later became his wife and after all his years in war, he
purchased a land named as “Hoover’s Half Penny Hatch” in Surry County, it’s
located towards South London, he then started riding school. Astley taught
horseback riding in the morning and performed in the afternoon but mainly during
the summer. Mainly he just used horses and got them to use feign death, fire a
pistol, and perform “mind reading tricks”. When Astley did his performances, he
had the audience set up in a circular arena because it was easier to see and
for the performers to get around, the word circular is why it’s called circus.
Astley named his rootless place “Astley’s Riding House” and added a stronger
wooden structure so everyone was protected from the London weather. The clowns
were later added by the Elizabeth Theatre, and they would do many other stunts,
the clowns were a symbol of a “modern circus”. Astley opened the first circus
in Paris it was the Amphitheatre Anglos in 1782 around this time is when Astley
started becoming very successful and wanted a more popular audience. The year
the circus was originally born, people had different opinions about it, some
even said it was a freak show calling it a freak show because it included other
equestrians, acrobats, rope dancers, aerialists, and clowns.

When and where did
the circus come to America?

The circus first moved into America
in 1825 because of an entrepreneur named Joshua Purdy Brown doing away with the
usual construction that Philip Astley, and instead used a full canvas tent which
now a day everyone knows by. And when the circus first came to the United
States it was in New York, Brown had a dealer named Hachaliah Bailey and
purchased a baby elephant, which later went around the country with very
successful performances. (elephant pictured on the left named Jumbo). Later
after performing with elephant, Brown used other exotic animals. When the first
American circus started it was a runned by a business man that had very
different models than the first European circuses. in 1871, Phineas Taylor Barnum
was in association with circus entrepreneur William Cameron Corp. and Barnum
created a museum, Menagerie and Circus, here they showed people unusual things
about humans, this became a sideshow for the American circus. The year 1872 is
when they had to make another circus ring because it was the most known entertainment
in the country with Barnum and Corp’s enterprise the leading circus.

Who are the
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey circus?

Ringling Brothers was founded in 1884 in Baraboo, Wisconsin, with five Ringling
brothers, Albert, Otto, Alfred, Charles, John, August and Henry. Adding many
side shows for the circus and traveled in the U.S. Midwest, and what made the
shows expanded very quickly was their elephant in 1888, this when they began
using their circus wagons and railway cars so they could go farther faster with
no problem. The Barnum & Bailey circus is the Ringling Bros. biggest
competition around this time, they would always purchase another circus which
made them expand. But then in 1906 the Ringling Bros. were able to purchase the
Barnum & Bailey circus which made them the only spontaneous circus in the
world. After one of the Ringling bros. death in 1926, the oldest son Charles
who had ran the circus for ten years, John took over and bought the American Corp
in 1929 and was controlling eleven more circuses in the United States. This circus
had grown so much it was at a seating capacity of ten-thousand people, but in
1936 unhappily the Ringling family most their company after John passed away. Therefore,
the Ringling Bros. decided to sell the company and sold it to the Feld family
also keeping the Ringling Museum of the Circus in Sarasota, Florida and the
World Museum in Baraboo, Wisconsin where a lot of the original props and wagons
are held at to show the public.


Now the terrible part, sure everyone
enjoyed these circuses, but they don’t know all the terrible things that happen
so the animals may perform those “crazy stunts”. Literally dragging baby
elephants from their mothers and making them stand for twenty-three hours
straight, for at least six months or longer. And what were these baby elephants
held down with? These super tight ropes that would cut their skin and make them
bleed leaving these awful cuts. There’s have even been former employees that
have come out ton tell the terrible stories that happen behind the curtain. One
of the tools that they use, yes, they even have tools for them, it’s the Bull
hook which is used to punish and control the elephants. Basically, it is a sharp
steel hook used to beat and harm the elephants sometimes until they bleed and
the main spot they used it on was in the back of their ear with is the one of
the sensitive parts of their body. Other places are inside the ear, mouth under
the chin on a place called the anus and around their feet the very sensitive
spots, which well of course will get them to do anything but also make them
bleed. Maybe you’re thinking to yourself that this was just once in a while or
only when they don’t listen, no, this was a daily thing, a former employee told
Peta.org. but so the bleeding will stop during the show the Ringling Bros. buy
this powder called ‘spot work’ used to make the spots of blood from the
elephants not noticable. Another common tool used to injure the elephants is
called the electro shock, the baby elephants would get this straight to his
head and cause a lot of damage in their head. These animals would travel nonstop
in these boxcars for at least days in either the really cold or really hot
weather. Elephants aren’t the only animals that get mistreated and tortured in
the circus, but also another main animal is the big cats. With the big cats the
tools used to harm them are the long goads, prods/ whips to force them to move
the way the trainer wants them to stay away from a human or animal. The trainers
make the big cats scared of them so when calling out commands and forcing them,
the big cats know to listen or they will be punished. A professional animal
trainer for twenty- five years, named Jay Pratte observed the animals while
they were in their cages and stated the big cats were mentally sick because they
were pacing back and forth in their cages and were “blanked out” and this happens when they’re
too stressed, literally shutting out the world. As far as their physical
health, on their lower back side, these animals had stabbings where the hair wouldn’t
grow anymore, and a lot of them were overweight which can cause “organ failure,
arthritis, respetory issues and heart disease”. Limping was another problem the
animals had, mainly because they were trying to avoid painful joints, because of
standing too long. Living on the concrete and hard floors, the cats would get
cracked paws, the trainers would wet the floor and it would remain wet for a
long time which caused the cracks to dry out and this would become really
painful. These animals were treated so bad under the care of the circus, and
all for our entertainment.


On May 7, 2017 was the last show
for the Ringling bros and Barnum and bailey circus. the Feld company said they
were stopping the circus because of the “declining ticket sales” and a lot of illegal
battles they had to face because of the animal rights group. The circus could
be entertaining but I bet not a lot of people really thought about the animals.
Everyone just wants to be entertained and see the animals perform these unnatural
acts that actually really injure them. These animals should be in the wild not
in cages being tortured and even killed. The stunts in the circus are terrible
and a lot of people in the world would pay to see that and contribute to the
circus. Now just because the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey circus shut
down doesn’t mean there no more animal abuse on the circus, there’s still more
out there using animals. If anyone wants to be entertained there are other
circuses that don’t use animals that you could attend to please don’t support
the others that hurt the animals.






Jando, Dominique. “SHORT HISTORY OF THE


Brooke, Bob. “Step Right up!” History
Magazine, Mar. 2007,


The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica.
“Ringling Brothers.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 17 Jan. 2017,


“How PETA Took Down Circus Giant Ringling
Bros.” PETA, www.peta.org/features/ringling/.