Explain what is meant by diversity, equality and inclusion 1. 1 Diversity, equality and inclusion will be explained and examples give throughout. I will also look at ways in which setting can promote the different values, and looking at the different examples form by own settings. I will also briefly look at the different laws and codes relating to diversity, equality and inclusion. “All children, irrespective of ethnicity, culture or religion, home language, family background, learning difficulties or disabilities, gender or ability should have the opportunity to experience challenging and enjoyable programme of learning and development. (Statutory Framework 1. 15) For some children to reach the every child matters outcomes they need extra support and guidance’s, as they may experiences discrimination and prejudices. Even though we are different we have a number of things which we have in common these are our basic needs, the needs for food and shelter, for love and relationships, protection and well-being and to make the most of our life’s. However what makes us different can be the source of prejudices and so leading to them is denied their equality of opportunity.
As a practitioner the Early Years foundation stage states that they should “support babies and children to develop a positive sense of their own identity and culture” and that they should “value and respect all children and families equally” Diversity is about the values, attitudes, cultures and life experiences of different social groups. It’s about giving the child a sense of identity, giving a pride of their family origins and including others within the environment. Within childcare settings it’s important that the practitioners practice in a way which promotes and supports diversity.
All children have a right to have their educational needs meet and been seen as a valued part of the setting. It is important that the differences are recognised and celebrated. Children should be encouraged to practice their traditions and not feel anxious over this. Many practises from ethnic minorities are adopted by the western world. Valuing diversity can be done by encouraging children to take art in cultural activities. Many activities can be centred on celebrating the different religious festivals, this allow children to take part in something different from their own culture.
Food is important within all cultures and inviting children to taste these foods and even helping cooking them, using the traditional ways of eating can be a great way if encouraging self-expression. Allowing a child who is learning English as a second language can be encouraged to use body language, pictures, and even their own home language. It is not just children from other cultures that need to be encouraged but children who have special needs, weather physical or educational these children need to be provided with a positive self-image and an encouraged to enjoy in with activities.
By creating an positive environment diversity can be promoted, having positive images on the walls of different gender roles and different people from other cultures, making sure that all activities are within an easy reach for all children, and even learning some sign language and teaching this to children can help to include everyone to activities and in the setting. Equality is about including everyone, it doesn’t mean that we have to treat everyone the same as we all have our own individual needs.
But every ones situation and ambitions should be respected and given the same opportunities as everyone else. If clients are no given equality of opportunity many can feel a lack of self, self-worth, poor self-esteem and even a lack of self-respect. It is important that as a practitioner, those children are offered the best opportunities to learn and to develop, to feel good about them and to be happy. Practitioners need to allow children to achieve and experiences success and enable them to move on the next life stage with confidences.
It is important that equality is shown through play, this can be done through avoid expectations of others which is based on stereotypes and that practitioners do not reinforce them been a good role model for children is key. Been aware of gender-specific terminology, and avoid using them. Different religions need to show respect and allowing children to follow their faith is necessary. Allowing children with special needs need to be allowed to take part in different activities and equipment must be available to allow this to happen.
Inclusion is about ensuring that everyone has the equality of learning opportunities for all children and young people, regardless of disabilities or background. Meeting their needs is an important right which needs to be met, and children need to be seen be part of the community. Promoting including is important, valuing diversity is an important way of doing this, and by been open to others we can include everyone in activities in a way which doesn’t exclude anyone. A number of different policies and procedures are in place are in place to make sure that this is done.
Legislation’s are legal documents that are put in place for setting to follow and offer guidelines for this. They are many ways in which we are all different, from disabilities to the religion we follow; this section will look at two different religions and two different disabilities, in order to give an idea of the different choices we have and the different disabilities. Islam Followers of Islam are known are Muslims, their religion embrace every aspect of life. Their belief suggests that individuals, societies and governments ought to be obedient to the will of God.
The Quran is seen as the word of god revealed to this messenger Muhammad. They believe that god is one and has no equal and is the creator of all things and holds power over them. Lives that are grateful and praise giving obedience to god will be rewarded in the Day of Resurrection and those who obeyed gods commandments will be dwelled in forever in paradise and those who have sinned will be condemned to the fires of hell. There are five essential duties known as the pillars of Islam. 1. Shahabad – profession of faith, there is no god but god and Muhammad is the messenger of god. . Salat – formal prayer, performed at fixed times hours five times a day. Facing the holy city of mecca. 3. Almsgiving – through the payment of Zakat/Purification, act of worship and duty of sharing ones wealth. 4. Fast (saum) – done during the month of Ramadan 5. Hall or Pilgrimage to Mecca – at least once during one’s lifetime. At the settings that I work in, they work to include all children regales of whom they are or their backgrounds. All of our setting is wheel chair friendly with no steps and wide doors; we have large print books and books with sounds.
When planning activities we look at the children we have and plan around them especially if we have any children with disabilities with always try to include them. At the moment I am not working with any children with disabilities, but I am working in a school that has high religious beliefs and I have to be respectful of this and the children who practice. The Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world’s largest Christian church. It is among the oldest institutions in the world and has played a prominent role in the history of Western civilisation.
The Catholic Church is led by the Pope and includes cardinals, patriarchs and diocesan bishops. The Church teaches that it is the one true Church founded by Jesus Christ and that its bishops are the successors of Christ’s apostles and that the Pope is the sole successor to Saint Peter who has apostolic primacy. Catholic doctrine maintains that the Church is infallible when it dogmatically teaches a doctrine of faith or morals. The Catholic Church is Trinitarian and defines its mission as spreading the Gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity.
Catholic worship is highly liturgical, focusing on the Mass or Divine Liturgy during which the sacrament of the Eucharist is celebrated. The Church teaches that bread and wine used during the Mass become the body and blood of Christ through transubstantiation. The Catholic Church practises closed communion and only baptised members of the Church in a state of grace are ordinarily permitted to receive the Eucharist. Catholic social teaching emphasises support for the sick, the poor and the afflicted through the corporal works of mercy.
The Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and medical services in the world. Catholic spiritual teaching emphasises spread of the Gospel message and growth in spiritual discipline through the spiritual works of mercy. The Church holds the Blessed Virgin Mary, as mother of Jesus Christ, in special regard and has defined four specific Marian dogmatic teachings, namely her Immaculate Conception without original sin, her status as the Mother of God, her perpetual virginity and her bodily Assumption into Heaven at the end of her earthly life.
The Church teaches that sexual intercourse should only take place between a married man and woman, and should be without the use artificial birth control or contraception, only permitted natural family planning. The Church teaches that homosexual inclinations are “objectively disordered” and so homosexual behaviour is “contrary to the natural law”; The Church offers help to those who wish to overcome their tendency towards their own sex. Because of these teachings, as well as its teaching that marriage is between one man and one woman, the Catholic Church firmly opposes same-sex marriage.
Physical disability is any impairment which limits the physical function of limbs or fine or gross motor ability. Hearing loss is when there is diminished sensitivity to sound, deafness when a person is unable to understand speech even in the presence of amplification, and sounds may not be detected. In total deafness, no sounds at all, regardless of amplification or method of production, are heard. There are many causes to deafness, can be a factor as the ability to hear high frequencies with decreases with age. Hearing loss can also be caused by noise exposure, toxins or disease agents.
Noise-induced hearing loss is the cause of half of all cases of hearing loss. Louder sounds cause damage in a shorter period of time. Environmental sound can be damaging, common sources of damaging noise levels include car stereos, transportation, crowds, and power tools. Exposer to loud sound (including music) at high levels or for extended durations, and then hearing impairment will occur. Sound levels increase with proximity; as the source is brought closer to the ear, the sound level increases. Hearing loss can be inherited from one parent or both. Many childhood Illnesses can result in deafness.
Measles may result in auditory nerve damage, Meningitis may damage the auditory nerve or the cochlea, Mumps may result in profound hearing loss in one ear or in both ears. Adenoids that do not disappear by adolescence may cause hearing impairment and nasal infections that can spread to the middle ear. Other illnesses that can cause deafness are: HIV/AIDS sufferers may experience auditory system anomalies. Chlamydia may cause hearing loss in new-borns to whom the disease has been passed at birth. Fetal alcohol syndrome is reported to cause hearing loss.
A physical trauma can cause damage either to the ear itself or to the brain centre’s that process the sounds. People who sustain head injury are especially vulnerable to hearing loss or tinnitus, either temporary or permanent. Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric and a neurobehavioral disorder. It is characterized by difficulties of inattention or hyperactivity and impulsiveness or a combination of the two. ADHD impacts school-aged children and results in restlessness, acting impulsively, and lack of focus which impairs their ability to learn properly.
ADHD is diagnosed two to four times more frequently in boys than in girls; ADHD management usually involves some combination of medications, applied behaviour analysis, lifestyle changes, and counselling. Inattention, hyperactivity, disruptive behaviour and impulsivity are common in ADHD. Academic difficulties are also frequent. The symptom categories can be classificated into three types ADHD—predominantly inattentive type, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type, or combined type if criteria for both subtypes are met: Predominantly inattentive type symptoms may include: Easily distracted, miss details, forget things, and frequently switch from one activity to another * Have difficulty maintaining focus on one task * Become bored with a task after only a few minutes, unless doing something enjoyable * Have difficulty focusing attention on organizing and completing a task or learning something new or trouble completing or turning in homework assignments, often losing things (e. g. , pencils, toys, assignments) needed to complete tasks or activities * Not seem to listen when spoken to Daydream, become easily confused, and move slowly * Have difficulty processing information as quickly and accurately as others * Struggle to follow instructions. * Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type symptoms may include: * Fidget and squirm in their seats * Talk nonstop * Dash around, touching or playing with anything and everything in sight * Have trouble sitting still during dinner, school, and story time * Be constantly in motion * Have difficulty doing quiet tasks or activities And also these manifestations primarily of impulsivity: Be very impatient * Blurt out inappropriate comments, show their emotions without restraint, and act without regard for consequences * Have difficulty waiting for things they want or waiting their turns in games Most people exhibit some of these behaviours, some children, adolescents, and adults with ADHD have an increased risk of experiencing difficulties with social skills, such as social interaction and forming and maintaining friendships. About half of children and adolescents with ADHD experience rejection by their peers.
The above information is taken for Wikipedia and other sources Conclusion Diversity, Equality and Inclusion are always going to be present in everyday life and in the work place, it is important that as practitioners we do our upmost best to not allow these to judge the way we work and the way we value others and others in our settings. Been open minded is important in welcoming other in to a setting. By doing some simple research it can open up a whole new world and help to accept others.