Anger is a normal human emotion. Everyone feels annoyed, frustrated, irritated, or even very angry from time to time.
Anger can be expressed by shouting, yelling, or swearing, but in extreme cases it can escalate into physical aggression towards objects (e. g. smashing things) or people (self or others). In a controlled manner, some anger can be helpful, motivating us to make positive changes or take constructive action about something we feel is important. But when anger is very intense, or very frequent, then it can be harmful.Anger may be said to be caused from almost the same factors that are responsible for other emotional reactions like fear and anxiety. In a situation where anger is aroused, the sympathetic nervous system is activated and this leads to the heart beating faster, higher pressure of blood flowing in the body and a sudden rush of adrenaline. Adrenaline is responsible for the dull red flush that people get on their faces when they are angry.
This is caused by the epinephrine that results in an increased flow of blood to the blood vessels in the face. This is also the reason why anger is often associated with the color red.Types of anger a)Basic types of anger: Anger can basically be of two types – primary and secondary.
Primary anger is when there is a situation that arouses negative feelings, and the person reacts to it with anger, pure and simple. Here, anger is a simple and direct response. Secondary anger on the other hand is when a situation causes feelings of helplessness or fear and we react with anger. The primary emotion here is anxiety or helplessness, however we choose to get angry simply because it’s easier for us to get angry rather than face the fact that we are hurt or feeling out of control, anxious or helpless.Here, anger is a secondary emotion because it is not the direct result of a situation or stimulus. b)Further classification of anger types: Behavioral Anger: Behavioral anger describes a type of anger, which consists of an aggressive action often physical, against someone or something, which triggered the anger. The outcome of the anger is almost always a physical abuse or assault.
Addictive Anger: Some people want or need the strong feelings that come with anger. They like the intensity which provides them emotional excitement. It isn’t fun, but it’s powerful.They feel alive and full of energy. Passive Anger: People, who use sarcasm or mockery as a way to hide their feelings, typically express this form of anger. They tend to avoid confrontations with people or situations. In some cases the individual may even be unaware themselves that they are expressing a repressed form of anger.
This can make it one of the most difficult types of anger to control or even identify. Verbal Anger: Anger that’s expressed mostly through words and not actions. Verbal abuse is used to criticize and insult people (put them down) and complain.Constructive Anger: This type of anger is a key factor in driving people to want to join movements and groups. It’s the feeling of being fed up with how things are going, and the need to make a positive change. Although most people tend to associate anger with destructive consequences it can also be used constructively. Self-inflicted Anger: Anger that translates in causing harm to one’s own body.
People who use this type of anger are acting out by punishing themselves for something they’ve done wrong. Some examples include starvation, cutting, and overeating. Volatile Anger: Unpredictable..
. s the word that can be used to define volatile anger. It comes and goes. It can just appear out of nowhere, or build into something bigger. It can either explode or go unnoticed. It could even be expressed verbally or physically.
Judgmental Anger: Judgmental anger is closely related to verbal anger, which is another type of anger. This type of anger makes everyone involved feel uneasy or causes self esteem issues for the victims. A person exhibiting this form of anger puts other people down and makes other people feel worthless. Putting other people down and making them feel bad about themselves, or abilities, is a form of judgmental anger.This person expresses their feelings by making those around them feel worthless.
Chronic Anger – Ever come across someone that’s seemingly angry for no reason, or mad all the time? More than likely, they were exhibiting this type of anger. People with chronic anger are just mad in general. Overwhelmed Anger – This person relieves stress by shouting, and flying off the handle, when they can’t take situations and things that are happening around them, anymore. This anger is closely related to frustration and is an alternative response to the ‘learned helplessness’ reaction where an individual simply gives up on a situation.Overwhelmed anger can be caused either by a situation – for example having a tight deadline and a lot of important things to do, or by life in general – for example finding a job too demanding or struggling to raise children.
Paranoid Anger – This anger comes about when someone feels jealousy towards others, because they feel other people have or want to take what’s rightfully theirs. Or they may act out because they feel intimidated by others. Deliberate Anger – Using anger to gain power over a situation or person.A person expressing this form of anger may not start out angry, but will get angry when something does not turn out the way they wanted. Or, someone doesn’t see eye to eye with something they planned Shame-Based Anger: People who need a lot of attention or are very sensitive to criticism often develop this style of anger. The slightest criticism sets off their own shame. Unfortunately, they don’t like themselves very much. They feel worthless, not good enough, broken, and unlovable.
So, when someone ignores them or says something negative, they take it as proof that the other person dislikes them as much as they dislike themselves.But that makes them really angry, so they lash out. Moral Anger: Some people think they have a right to be angry when others have broken a rule. That makes the offenders’ bad, evil, wicked, and sinful.
They have to be scolded, maybe punished. People with this anger style feel outraged about what bad people are doing. They say they have a right to defend their “beliefs.
” They claim moral superiority. They gain the sense that anger is for a good cause. They don’t feel guilty when they get angry because of this. They often feel superior to others even in their anger.These people suffer from black-and-white thinking, which means they see the world too simply. They fail to understand people who are different from themselves. They often have rigid ways of thinking and doing things.
Causes of anger Relationship problems: Compatibility with partner/friends, Money issues, Feeling dissatisfied in your relationship(s), Conflict with partner/friends, separation or loss, unresolved issues from childhood. Family problems: Conflict within family, Problems with parents/children, Money issues, Responsibilities being avoided, separation or loss, unresolved issues – childhood, expectations from a loved one.Workplace problems: Unrealistic & unachievable targets being set, Bullying or harassment, Conflict with work colleagues or managers, working too many hours, Disputes over pay & conditions, Too few staff to cope with workload, get disturbed. Health problems: Feeling unwell regularly, Feelings of lack of control, Lack of understanding of illness, Poor communication by doctor, Limited or no support, Pressure from work to return, lack of sleep, Environment problems: Unsuitable living arrangements, financial pressures, Excessive noise/smell/disturbance, Feeling unsafe at home, Moving house, Feeling angry when driving.Changes caused by Anger: Physical changes: Headaches, Stomach upsets or feeling sick ,Back pain , Trembling , Sweating ,Difficulties sleeping, Tensing of muscles, especially in the face and neck. , Teeth grinding, Breathing rate and heart rate increases dramatically, Face turns red and veins start to become visible due to an increase in blood pressure, Feeling hot or cold ,Goosebumps Mental /emotional changes: Outbursts of anger, Feelings of panic or anxiety, Lacking confidence, not wanting to socialize, Mood swings, Irritability, Depression, Poor concentration, Feeling helpless & lack of control Primary and Secondary AngerProblems caused by anger Health problems Some studies suggest that angry people tend to drink more alcohol, which is associated with a wide range of health problems. The effects of anger on health have more to do with duration than frequency and intensity.
The normal experience of overt anger lasts only a few minutes. But the subtle forms of anger, such as resentment, impatience, irritability, grouchiness, etc. , can go on for hours and days at a time. Consistent, prolonged levels of anger give a person a five times greater chance of dying before age 50.Anger elevates blood pressure, increases threat of stroke, heart disease, cancer, depression, anxiety disorders, and, in general, depresses the immune system (angry people have lots of little aches and pains or get a lot of colds and bouts of flu or headaches or upset stomachs). To make matters worse, angry people tend to seek relief from the ill-moods caused by anger through other health-endangering habits, such as smoking and drinking, or through compulsive behavior such as workaholics and perfectionism.
Laboratory experiments have shown that even subtle forms of anger impair problem-solving abilities and general performance competence. In addition to increasing error rates, anger narrows and makes rigid mental focus, tending to obscure alternative perspectives. Repressed anger might cause unconscious teeth grinding during the day or while the person is asleep. Grinding your teeth can wear down the enamel of your teeth and lead to more serious dental problems. Migraine headaches can occur with the increase of stress that constricts the blood vessels in the brain.
There are other symptoms that anger can cause on the body, such as skin rashes, circulatory problems and even arthritis. It is best to manage your anger by relaxing, taking deep breathes, or even doing breathing exercises can help calm you down. Anger is a normal emotion that happens in our daily lives. Social problems Uncontrolled anger can cause problems in a wide range of areas of your life.
It may cause conflicts with family, friends, or colleagues, and in extreme situations it can lead to problems with the law.But some of the other problem effects of anger may be harder to spot. Often people who have a problem with anger feel guilty or disappointed with their behavior, or suffer from low self-esteem, anxiety, or depression. Gender and anger In our society, obvious anger by men is more acceptable than obvious anger by women. We see anger in women quite frequently, but usually more subtle than the anger seen in men. Only two generations ago, a woman had to exhibit her anger only in ways that people wouldn’t be able to pick it up.
There’s still some of that hiding of anger by women, but that doesn’t mean women get angry any less than men. Anger is not part of how we identify women in the culture, but it is part of how we identify men. Therefore a woman being angry is less acceptable.
Factors causing anger and aggression among youth Behaviors such as aggression can be learned by observing and imitating the behavior of others. A considerable amount of evidence suggests that violence on television are assisted in the short term increases the likelihood of aggression in youth. Television