Factors In Favor of and Against Khimley Young Critical Thinking and Problem Solving/ Hum 200 AOS Instructor Dr. Steven Mathews October 24, 2012 Lowering the Legal Drinking Age to 18: Yea or Nay Argument in Favor of Lowering the Legal Drinking Age The age of 18 is a transitional point in life. An 18-year=old can vote, marry, enlist in the military and buy cigarettes. To some it’s absurd that an 18-year-old can vote politicians into office and fight wars for the country but cannot legally buy and consume alcohol. Strong (It tells you everything that an 18-year-old can do)
Like it or not alcohol is part of the fabric of American Culture. People drink at parties, weddings work functions and any other events. And medical research suggests that moderate drinking of alcohol can reduce the risk of heart disease, strokes and possibly diabetes. Strong (This statement can be true people do drink at events) Prohibiting the use of alcohol under the age 21 serves to drive underage drinking into uncontrolled environments, where binge drinking is very likely and the activity itself is seen as edge or risky. Lowering the drinking age to 18 could remove the thrill of drinking outside the law.
Weak (it could be true if they hadn’t put in the thrill of drinking outside the law) The reality is that young people are going to drink alcohol regardless of the legal age limit. Allowing them to drink in controlled social settings with older adults would provide them with role models for moderate social drinking. Strong (It just might work) And making alcohol less of a ”big deal” while promoting moderate drinking, DWI arrests and accidents related to drunk driving might decrease. Strong (If left alone young people might not want to drink if they have easy access to it)
Argument Against Lowering the Legal Drinking Age According to the World Health Organization 2. 5 million people worldwide died from alcohol abuse each year. Of those, 320. 000 are between the ages of 15 and 29. That represents nine percent of all deaths within the age range Strong (It starts off talking about the number of death caused by alcohol. ) In the United States 85,000 deaths each year are related to alcohol. By allowing more people to legally drink alcohol, it seems logical that the number of alcohol- related deaths would only increase.
Weak (It speaks about the number of death that are related to alcohol) Alcohol is a legalized drug that clouds judgment and reduces inhibition, making it a common factor in automobile accidents, violent crimes (including child abuse) and the spread of sexually transmitted disease. Strong (It speaks on how alcohol can affect you) With such serious potential consequences legal alcohol drinking should be restricted to people with some adult life experience that can use wisdom in their alcohol use.
Allowing 18-year=olds (just out of high school) with no previous adult life experience to add alcohol to their new found freedom can only result in trouble. Weak (there is some mature 18-year-olds) In most states, the legal driving age is 16. By 21, the average driver has approximately five years of driving experience. Allowing 18-year-olds to drink alcohol put more potentially intoxicated drivers with less driving experience on our roads. That would surely lead to a higher number of alcohol-related accidents and deaths, which claim just as many innocent lives as drunk drivers.
Strong (This will put more intoxicated young people on the roads) While medical research does show some health benefits from moderate alcohol consumption, evidence suggests that only older adults already at risk for heart disease may benefit. In fact, some believe alcohol may actually hurt more than help young adults. Strong (A little won’t hurt) Binge drinking is a cultural phenomenon that will not be cured by changing the law. The argument that people under 21 binge drink for the thrill of rebelling against the law is without merit.
Countless people over 21 binges drink as well Strong (People over 21 binge drink much more than a younger person) The culture on binge drinking is not bound by age. College life is a rife with alcohol abuse. Allowing more college students to drink legally will not change that, but will only serve to make them justify in their dangerous behaviors. Strong (This could be a great conclusion) Source Lowering the Legal Age to 18 Yea or Nay Knowledgebase. findlaw. com/kb/2011/Feb/25363html